Pediatrics

Reports of high-impact pediatrics studies by medical professionals

Childhood illness linked to increased education gender gaps in LMICs

1. Among survey participants from low and middle income countries (LMICs), gender disparities in adolescent secondary school attendance were noted to increase in the...

Study reveals suburban clinicians’ perspectives on screening for food insecurity

1. In a mixed methods study of screening for food insecurity (FI) among 6 suburban practices, 3 major themes emerged. 1) time and workflow...

Pediatric firearm injuries substantial cause of premature death, disability

1. Pediatric suicide rates decreased significantly from 2002-2007 but increased significantly from 2008-2014; pediatric homicide rates exhibited the opposite trend. 2. Males had significantly higher...

Parenting intervention in African American youth yields lower cotinine levels

1. For children aged 20 years old, lower levels of serum cotinine were found in the supportive parenting intervention group compared to the control...

Lithium during pregnancy linked to modest increase in cardiac malformations

1. There has been concern about the linkage between lithium use during pregnancy and a risk of cardiac malformations, specifically Ebstein’s anomaly, with varying...

Metformin linked to decreased BMI z scores in prepubertal children

1. Prepubertal obese children treated with metformin over 6 months had significantly lower BMI z scores compared to those receiving placebo. These differences were...

Universal testing and treatment of HIV in East Africa led to improved coverage with...

1. This cluster randomized control trial found that implementing community-based testing and treatment program in East Rural Africa significantly increased the proportion of HIV-positive...

Clinical scale, clinician suspicion poorly predict serious infections

1. In a prospective study of febrile full term infants 60 or fewer days old, neither the Yale Observation Scale (YOS) score nor unstructured...

Infant room-sharing associated with less nighttime sleep and unsafe sleep practices

1. Infants who were sleeping independently at 4 months of age were reported to have longer stretches of sleep than those sharing a room...

No link between cesarean delivery and BMI in later childhood

1. Examination of anthopometric data on infants from 2 Danish prospective cohorts showed that infants born by cesarean delivery (CD) vs. vaginal delivery had...
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