Pediatrics

Reports of high-impact pediatrics studies by medical professionals

Less than half of mothers place sleeping infants supine

1. Fewer than 50% of mothers surveyed both intended to and actually did exclusively choose the supine position for their sleeping infants. 2. Only slightly...

Negative information about vaccines received during pregnancy delays infant vaccinations

1. Pregnant women who received discouraging information about vaccinations, regardless of whether or not they received encouraging information, were more likely to delay vaccination...

Sleep duration inversely related to childhood type 2 diabetes risk makers

1. Shorter sleep duration was associated with higher BMI, fat mass index, and insulin levels in children aged 9 to 10 years. 2. Sleep duration...

Limited evidence available to determine effectiveness and safety of cannabis to treat chronic pain

1. There is some evidence that cannabis reduces neuropathic pain, but there is inadequate evidence for other pain types. 2. Possible harms of cannabis use...

Implementation of pneumococcal vaccine programs linked to decreased antibiotic prescription

1. After implementation of practice guidelines advocating rational antibiotic prescribing for primary care providers, as well as a 7-valent pneumococcal conjugate (PCV7) catch-up program followed...

Antiretroviral therapy with tenofovir-emtricitabine-efavirenz demonstrates lower rate of adverse birth outcomes than other regimens

1. In an observational study across hospitals in Botswana, women with HIV infection had higher rates of adverse birth outcomes than uninfected women. Women...

Features predicting treatment failure in acute otitis media

1. In this study of children with acute otitis media randomized into treatment and placebo groups, older children were less likely to fail treatment,...

Chronic medical conditions linked to high emergency department use

1. Of children with baseline high emergency department (ED) use, defined as ≥4 ED visits in one year, only 16% experienced sustained high ED...

Half of all readmissions following lower respiratory infections occur in infants

1. Boys, infants <1 year of age, and children with chronic conditions were found to be more likely to be readmitted within 30 days...

Reduction in vaccination rates predicted to increase incidence and cost of measles

1. This study predicted an increase in the incidence of measles cases and outbreak size using a stochastic mathematical model calibrated using published cases...
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