Pediatrics

Reports of high-impact pediatrics studies by medical professionals

Reduced yet persistent incidence of vertical HIV transmission in the United States

1. Overall incidence of vertical HIV transmission in the United States decreased from 2002 to 2013, and currently is at an estimated 1.75 per...

Family satisfaction with inpatient pediatric care varies widely between hospitals

1. Satisfaction with pediatric inpatient care, as rated by patients’ families on numerous quality measures, varied significantly among hospitals in the United States. 2. Children’s...

Medical use of prescription opioids linked to nonmedical use in adolescents

1. Adolescents who initiated nonmedical use of prescription opioids more commonly had previous medical use of prescriptions opioids rather than no exposure. 2. Correlation between...

Association between maternal body mass index in early pregnancy and incidence of cerebral palsy

1. This retrospective cohort study found that among Swedish women with singleton children, maternal overweight and obesity were significantly associated with incidence of cerebral...

Inpatient management of croup varies widely by hospital

1. Hospital-specific factors were found to be the main predictor of differences in use of not routinely indicated resources (NRIRs) for inpatient croup management. 2....

AAP endorses humane treatment of all immigrant children

1. The current conditions under which immigrant children are detained and the support services that are provided during the immigration pathway are lacking and...

Treating subclinical hypothyroidism and hypothyroxinemia in pregnancy does not impact child IQ

1. In pregnant women, treating subclinical hypothyroidism or hypothyroxinemia with levothyroxine did not significantly impact cognitive outcomes in children up to age 5 years of age...

Despite guidelines, pediatricians vary in antibiotic choice for pneumonia

1. The majority of children in outpatient clinics were prescribed a macrolide antibiotic for treatment of community acquired pneumonia (CAP) despite clear guidelines recommending amoxicillin...

Children with disabilities at variable risk for maltreatment

1. In this population-based study of Australian children, children with disabilities made up 25.9% of children with maltreatment allegations and 29% of children with...

Ultrasound specific but not sensitive for perforated versus nonperforated appendicitis in children

1. In a prospective study of over 570 children with appendicitis, ultrasound (US) is highly specific but not sensitive in the detection of appendix...
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