Pediatrics

Reports of high-impact pediatrics studies by medical professionals

Higher rates of child abuse deaths in poorer communities

1. Using nationally representative retrospective data of children 0 to 4 years old, authors found that children living in counties with the highest poverty...

No significant change in bullying seen after playground alterations

  1. Generally speaking, increasing risk and challenge in the playground had relatively little effect on how children interacted with one another 2. Children at intervention...

Antidepressant use in pregnancy not linked with autism-spectrum disorder in exposed children

1. No significant association between serotonergic antidepressant use and autism spectrum disorder risk was found between exposed and unexposed children. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Study...

Individualized screening for diabetic retinopathy with fundoscopy and HbA1c

1. Risk of developing clinically significant diabetic retinopathy or macular edema over specified timeframes can be modeled using fundal exam and hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c)...

Targeted HIV-screening practices more effective for minority youths

1. Based on this prospective cohort study, targeting HIV screening at high-risk youths performed better than the current standard of universal screening. 2. Individuals who...

NICU provider burnout linked to multiple organizational factors

1. Neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) with higher average admission rates and longstanding electronic health record (EHR) usage were found to have significantly higher...

Parental immunization status associated with likelihood of vaccinating children

1. Parents who received an influenza vaccine were more likely to immunize their children against both influenza and noninfluenza infections. 2. When previously nonimmunized parents...

Brief emergency department screening tool may help identify high-risk youths for future firearm violence

1. Researchers developed a 1-2 minute screening tool that uses a 10-point SaFETy score relating to risk factors that correspond with an increased risk...

Low dose hydrocortisone not associated with adverse neurodevelopment in extremely preterm infants

1. Among extremely preterm infants, low-dose hydrocortisone was not associated with adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes at 2 years of age. Evidence Rating Level: 1 (Excellent) Study Rundown:...

Prevalence of hypertension among adolescents varies by race and BMI

1. Among obese adolescents, hypertension was most prevalent in white individuals and least prevalent among African American children. 2. Hispanic and African American adolescents had...
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