Surgery

Reports of high-impact surgery studies by medical professionals

Ultrasound specific but not sensitive for perforated versus nonperforated appendicitis in children

1. In a prospective study of over 570 children with appendicitis, ultrasound (US) is highly specific but not sensitive in the detection of appendix...

No benefit of fibrinogen concentrate on intraoperative blood loss among patients undergoing high-risk cardiac...

1. Administration of fibrinogen concentrate in patients undergoing high-risk cardiac surgery did not significantly reduce intraoperative blood loss. Evidence Rating Level: 1 (Excellent) Study Rundown: Intraoperative...

Increased ultrasound utilization in the diagnosis of acute appendicitis in children

1. In a retrospective review of over 96 000 children with acute appendicitis, there was a significant decrease in the utilization of computed tomography...

The Internet may be an effective tool for treating chronic knee pain

1. Significantly greater pain improvement was observed in patients in the intervention group compared to the control. 2. Patients in the pain-control intervention group demonstrated...

Bariatric surgery superior to medical therapy for diabetes at five-years: The STAMPEDE trial

1. Bariatric surgery significantly reduced and sustained glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) levels compared to medical therapy at five-year follow-up. 2. Both gastric bypass and sleeve gastrectomy...

Clinical decision tool may discriminate need for ICU in children with traumatic brain injury...

1. Based on this secondary analysis of a prospective cohort study, certain clinical features, including lower GCS score, and head CT findings, including midline...

Inhibition of the immunoproteasome may improve graft acceptance [PreClinical]

  1. A targeted immunoproteasome inhibitor, DPLG3, was found to have high selectivity for the immune cell proteasome and was not toxic to other cell...

Prophylactic LMWH not associated with prevention of VTE after arthroscopy or casting: The POT-KAST...

1. Prophylactic low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) for 8 days post knee arthroscopy demonstrated no change in the incidence of venous thromboembolism (VTE) or major bleeding...

Centrifugal-flow devices noninferior to axial-flow in advanced heart failure: The ENDURANCE trial

1. Centrifugal-flow left ventricular assist devices (LVAD) were found to be noninferior to traditional axis-flow devices for the treatment of New York Heart Association...

External compression computed tomography may increase diagnostic accuracy in appendicitis

  1. In a prospective trial of 168 patients with suspected acute appendicitis (AA), patients that underwent external compression (EC) computed tomography (CT) demonstrated higher...
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