Surgery

Reports of high-impact surgery studies by medical professionals

Delays in surgical intervention do not increase odds of appendiceal perforation

1. Time from initial emergency department evaluation to appendectomy onset was not associated with increased odds of appendiceal perforation (AP). 2. Increased perforation risk was...

Intra-articular corticosteroids unlikely to benefit osteoarthritis patients

1. In this double blind, randomized controlled trial, intra-articular triamcinolone injections did not prevent cartilage degeneration compared to saline injection controls. 2. Triamcinolone injections did...

Decision aid and patient navigator associated with improved colorectal cancer screening in vulnerable populations

1. In this randomized control trial, an intervention directed towards improving education and reducing barriers to colorectal cancer screening in vulnerable populations was associated...

Benefits of early versus delayed feeding in patients with acute pancreatitis

1. Early feeding may reduce hospital stay in patients with mild pancreatitis. 2. Early feeding was not associated with adverse events and may help reduce...

Tofacitinib effective as induction and maintenance therapy for ulcerative colitis

1. Patients with active ulcerative colitis who failed prior treatment achieved significantly greater remission of disease and mucosal healing compared to those treated with...

Current trends in financial relationships between industry and physicians

1. In this 2015 US-based, retrospective study, half of physicians received payments from industry. 2. Surgeons had the highest likelihood of receiving payments with the...

Behavioral intervention improved antibiotic prescribing appropriateness

1. In this prospective stepped-wedge participatory intervention study, implementation of a behavioral antimicrobial stewardship program which maintained prescriber autonomy resulted in improved appropriateness of...

Dabigatran linked to fewer major bleeding events than warfarin in ablation: The RE-CIRCUIT trial

1. The incidence of major bleeding events up to 8 weeks after catheter-directed atrial fibrillation ablation was significantly lower in those receiving continuous therapy...

Individualized screening for diabetic retinopathy with fundoscopy and HbA1c

1. Risk of developing clinically significant diabetic retinopathy or macular edema over specified timeframes can be modeled using fundal exam and hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c)...

Ultrasound and cystoscopy may be most cost-effective for asymptomatic microscopic hematuria

1. In this decision-analytic model-based cost-effectiveness analysis of diagnostic tools used to investigate asymptomatic microscopic hematuria (AMH), the most frequently used diagnostic tool was...
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