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Patient Basics: Lung Cancer Overview

Originally published by Harvard Health. What Is It? One of the most common cancers, lung cancer usually occurs when a cancer-causing agent, or carcinogen, triggers the growth of abnormal cells in the lung. These cells multiply out of control and eventually form a tumor. As the tumor grows, it destroys nearby areas of the lung. Eventually, tumor cells can spread (metastasize) to nearby lymph nodes and other parts of the body. These include the liv...

Patient Basics: A to Z Directory

... The Patient Basics: A to Z Series is a Harvard-written collection of over 650 introductory health articles for patients. The collection covers a wide breadth of illnesses and disease, as well as common medical procedures. A collection from Harvard Health Publications. [catlist id=4048 numberposts=75 pagination=yes]   ...

Patient Basics: Prostate Cancer

Originally published by Harvard Health. What Is It? Prostate cancer results from the uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells in the prostate gland. This gland produces part of the fluid in semen. It is located below the bladder and in front of the rectum, near the base of the penis. Prostate cancer is one of the most commonly diagnosed cancers in American men. Many other men have the disease, but have not been diagnosed. This is because prostate ca...

2 Minute Medicine Rewind February 8, 2021

Total knee replacement after high tibial osteotomy: time-to-event analysis and predictors 1. 5 and 10 years after undergoing a high tibial osteotomy procedure, 95% and 79% of knee osteoarthritis patients respectively did not require a total knee replacement. 2. Preoperative factors associated with an increased rate of conversion to total knee replacement included greater radiographic severity, female sex, greater knee pain, higher BMI, and older ...

The Classics in Medicine™: Summaries of the Landmark Trials | Main Directory

The Classics in Medicine™: Summaries of the Landmark Trials Online Edition | All Specialties Print ISBN 978-0-9963042-9-0| E-book ISBN 978-0-9963042-1-4 | © 2015 2 Minute Medicine, Inc. | Boston, MA | Search Directory Unlimited Ad-free Reading for Subscribers | Institutional Access Contents by Specialty All Emergency Classics General Medicine Classics Pediatrics Classics Psychiatry Classics Surgery Classics Obstetrics and Gynecology Classics Mor...

2 Minute Medicine Rewind September 21, 2020

The effectiveness of body age-based intervention in workplace health promotion: Results of a cohort study on 9851 Danish employees 1. A workplace intervention that determined employees’ body age was found to decrease body age score, reduce smoking habits, lower risk factors for chronic disease, and lower rates for metabolic syndrome. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) As life expectancy in western countries continues to rise, the legislated retireme...

2 Minute Medicine Rewind January 11, 2021

Diagnosis-wide analysis of COVID-19 complications: an exposure-crossover study 1. The most common complications associated with COVID-19 with high absolute risk were viral pneumonia, respiratory failure, acute kidney failure, and sepsis. 2. Complications highly associated with COVID-19 with low absolute risk were myocarditis, pneumothorax, and disseminated intravascular coagulation. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) During the COVID-19 pandemic, gr...

2 Minute Medicine Rewind March 8, 2021

Rates of rebleeding, thrombosis and mortality associated with resumption of anticoagulant therapy after anticoagulant-related bleeding 1. Resuming oral anticoagulant (OAC) therapy after an OAC-related bleed was associated with higher rates of subsequent bleeding, but lower rates of thrombosis and all-cause mortality. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) While oral anticoagulants (OACs) are used to prevent thrombosis, a common adverse side effect with ...

2 Minute Medicine Rewind April 5, 2021

Post-COVID syndrome in individuals admitted to hospital with COVID-19: retrospective cohort study 1. Hospital readmission and all-cause mortality rates are 3.5 and 7.7 times higher in COVID-19 patients after discharge, than the general population. 2. In addition to respiratory illness, COVID-19 patients experienced higher rates of diagnosis of a major adverse cardiovascular event, diabetes, chronic kidney disease, and chronic liver disease. Evide...

Patient Basics: Heart Valve Problems

Originally published by Harvard Health. What Is It? The heart has four valves – the aortic, mitral, tricuspid and pulmonary valves. Like valves used in house plumbing, the heart valves open to allow fluid (blood) to be pumped forward, and they close to prevent fluid from flowing backward. Human heart valves are flaps of tissue called leaflets or cusps. Heart valve problems fall into two major categories: Stenosis – The opening of the valve is too...

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