Chronic Disease

Reports of high-impact chronic disease studies by medical professionals

Minor Strokes, TIAs increase risk of disability [Stroke]

Image: CC/L. Henry Key study points: 1.      15% of patients with minor strokes/TIAs were disabled within 3 months. 2.      In addition to positive CT/CT angiography and ongoing...

[CMAJ] Influenza vaccination coverage across ethnic groups

Image: CC/Blakespot Key findings: ·       Canadians of Asian descent were found to have the highest vaccination rates ·       After adjusting for sociodemographic factors, all ethnic groups studied...

[JAMA] Association Between Omega-3 Fatty Acid Supplementation and Risk of Major Cardiovascular Disease Events

  Image: CC/ Peter Rosbjerg Primer: There is significant debate whether treatment with omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) can prevent major cardiovascular disease. Both European and U.S....

[CIRCULATION] NSAID use after heart attacks associated with increased coronary risk, death

Image: PD Primer: Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS) are known to be harmful in patients with myocardial infarctions. In fact, in 2007 the American Heart Association...

[Neurology] Heavy alcohol intake and intracerebral hemorrhage: Characteristics and effect on outcome

Image:CC/Silktork Primer: Heavy alcohol consumption has long been considered a risk factor for intracranial hemorrhage (ICH), yet there exists little research regarding the effect of...

[CANCER] Marijuana associated with increased risk of germ cell and nonseminoma testicular cancer

Image:CC Primer: The onset of testicular germ cell tumors (TGCTs) typically occurs during puberty, and various studies have implicated changes in steroid hormones as culprits...

[BMJ] Elevated rheumatoid factor associated with 26x risk of developing rheumatoid arthritis

Image: CC/James Heilman Primer:  Rheumatoid factors (RF)  are autoantibodies  directed against the Fc portion of immunoglobulin.  Serum IgM RF occurs in 75-80% of patients with...

[JAMA] Clopidogrel lacks effectiveness in diabetics as compared to non-diabetics after myocardial infarction

Image: CC/Trounce Primer: The 2011 AHA/ACCF guidelines for secondary prevention for patients with known coronary disease include a Class IB recommendation for 75mg clopidogrel as...

[JAMA] Prevalence and prognosis of unrecognized myocardial infarction determined by cardiac magnetic resonance in...

Image: CC. MRI of the heart.  Primer: Pathology studies suggest that subclinical ruptures of coronary atherosclerotic plaques occur frequently, which may result in unrecognized myocardial...

[NEJM] Tight glycemic control versus standard care after pediatric cardiac surgery

Image: Public Domain. Pediatric surgery in Haiti. Primer: Tight glycemic control has been shown to reduce morbidity and mortality in certain critically ill adult patients,...

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