Gastroenterology

Reports of high-impact gastroenterology studies by medical professionals

Smoking cessation and weight change in relation to cardiovascular disease incidence and mortality in...

1. Smoking cessation without weight gain in patients with type 2 diabetes was associated with a lower risk of cardiovascular disease and all-cause and...

Effect of Hydrocortisone vs Pasireotide on Pancreatic Surgery Complications in Patients With High Risk...

1. Hydrocortisone is not noninferior to pasireotide in the reduction of postoperative complications in patients undergoing distal pancreatectomy. Evidence Rating: 1 (Excellent) Partial pancreatectomies carry high...

Adolescent obesity and midlife cancer risk

1. Adolescent obesity was significantly associated with cancer incidence in young and mid adulthood, and could be an important intervention target for early cancer...

Peroral endoscopic myotomy in patients with idiopathic achalasia

1. In this multicenter randomized trial, peroral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) generated clinical success in controlling symptoms of achalasia similar to the current gold standard...

Ultra-processed foods linked to increased risk of type 2 diabetes

1. In this prospective cohort study from France, consumption of ultra-processed foods (UPF) was linked to an increased risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D). 2....

Dietary supplement use during chemotherapy and survival outcomes of patients with breast cancer enrolled...

1. Certain dietary supplements, including vitamin B12, iron and omega-3 fatty acids, may negatively impact disease-free survival and overall survival in breast cancer patients...

Obeticholic acid for the treatment of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis

1. Obeticholic acid, a farnesoid X receptor agonist, prompts fibrosis improvement in patients with non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) Evidence Rating Level: 1 (Excellent) Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is an...

Safety and immunogenicity of the oral, inactivated, enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli vaccine ETVAX in Bangladeshi...

1. Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli vaccination may provide significant immunogenic benefits in young children and infants in low- and middle-income countries with minimal associated toxicity. Evidence...

Rectal indomethacin dose escalation for prevention of pancreatitis after endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography in high-risk...

1. Dose escalation of rectal indomethacin does not provide any benefit in preventing pancreatitis in high-risk patients post-endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography. Evidence Rating Level: 1 (Excellent) Pancreatitis...

Survival outcomes after laparoscopy-assisted distal gastrectomy versus open distal gastrectomy with nodal dissection for...

1. Laparoscopic-assisted distal gastrectomy is non-inferior to open distal gastrectomy for clinical stage IA and IB gastric cancer in terms of relapse-free survival at...
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