Gastroenterology

Reports of high-impact gastroenterology studies by medical professionals

No significant difference in overall mortality and complication rates for three types of gastrectomy...

Image: CC  Key study points: 1. Complication, reoperation, and mortality rates are the same for open, laparoscopic, and robotic gastrectomy. 2. Anastomotic leak occurs more commonly in...

No difference in bowel obstruction rates following closure of diverting loop ileostomy via either...

Image: CC/J.Heilman Key study points: 1. No significant difference in 30-day bowel obstruction rates between handsewn and stapler closure of loop ileostomy following lower anterior resection...

Primary anastomosis for perforated left colonic diverticulitis has a significantly higher rate of stoma...

Image: PD Key study points: 1. Patients receiving primary anastomosis for perforated left colonic diverticulitis had a higher rate of stoma reversal than those receiving a...

Treatment of liver metastases in colorectal cancer with radiofrequency ablation (RFA) show efficacy in...

Image: PD Key study points: 1. 93.1% of metastases were successfully treated, with no evidence of residual enhancing tumor, after first ablation treatment. The remaining 6.9%...

Regular use of aspirin associated with increased survival for mutated-PIK3CA colorectal cancer patients

Image: PD Key study points: 1. Mutations in the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase gene, PIK3CA, are known to enhance the activity of cyclooxygenase-2, resulting in inhibition of cell...

Ultrasonic dissection does not add time benefit over conventional dissection techniques in pancreatic surgery

Image: CC Key study points: 1. Ultrasonic dissection conferred no additional operative time benefit over conventional dissection techniques in surgery of the pancreatic head. 2. Ultrasonic dissection...

Prophylactic probiotic use trends toward decreased incidence of nosocomial infections in preterm infants

Image: PD/CDC Key study points: 1. Administration of L reuteri to preterm infants was not significantly associated with a reduction in rates of nosocomial infection or...

Reducing intake of sugary drinks has effect on BMI while intervention is maintained

Image: PD Key Study Points: 1)      With a 1-year intervention geared at reducing the intake of sugary beverages, the consumption of sugary beverages was curtailed and...

Postoperative COX-2 Selective NSAIDs associated with anastomotic leakage following colorectal resection

Image: PD Key study points: 1. Postoperative COX-2 selective NSAID use for analgesia was associated with increased rates of anastomotic leakage requiring reoperation following colorectal resection...

Health care utilization is higher among patients undergoing liver transplantation for nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH)

Image: CC/Nephron. Histology of NASH Key study points: NASH patients undergoing liver transplant had significantly longer operative times (402 vs. 322 minutes, p < .001) versus...
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