Infectious Disease

Reports of high-impact infectious disease studies by medical professionals

[Ann Emerg Med.] Topical antibiotics help prevent infection in minor wounds

Image: CC Primer: Uncomplicated soft tissue injuries are one of the most common ailments treated in the emergency department. However, there has been little agreement...

[CMAJ] Influenza vaccination coverage across ethnic groups

Image: CC/Blakespot Key findings: ·       Canadians of Asian descent were found to have the highest vaccination rates ·       After adjusting for sociodemographic factors, all ethnic groups studied...

Pertussis outbreaks on the rise, vaccine effectiveness waning [NEJM]

Image: CC. B. Pertussis Key study points: For every year after the 5th dose of the DTaP vaccine (age 4-6), there is a 42% increased...

Large population based study in Denmark predicts the rates of certain adverse outcomes temporally...

Image: CC/Sanofi Pasteur Key study points: 1.     There is marked variability in the incidence rates of the diseases linked with childhood vaccinations. 2.     Occurrence rates of each...

Herpes zoster not significantly associated with subsequent increased incidence of cancer [CMAJ]

Image : CC/Ian Porter Key findings: 1.     Herpes zoster was not found to be a risk factor for subsequent cancer, though there were significantly higher incidences...

Geographic variation in rates of antibiotic use: where you live matters

Image: CC/J. Kleyn Key findings: 1.      There is substantial variation in antibiotic prescription rates between geographic regions and between quarterly intervals 2.      Policy implications include targeting areas...

HPV vaccine associated with minimal adverse effects

Image: CC/VNU CNS Key study points: 1. The quadrivalent HPV vaccine is associated with an increased risk of same-day syncope and injection site reactions in the...

Vitamin D supplementation does not decrease incidence of viral upper respiratory tract infections

Image: CC Key study points: 1. Vitamin D supplemented individuals showed no significant difference in number, severity, or duration of swab-positive URTI episodes when compared to...

Effect of nonpayment for preventable infections in US hospitals

Image: CC/S.Fruitsmack Key findings: Changes in Medicare reimbursement for health care associated infections had no effect on the rate for catheter-associated bloodstream and urinary tract infections. Primer:...

Intermittent and continuous antiretroviral therapies are equivalent in the treatment of acute HIV-1 infection

Image: PD/CDC Key study points:  Patients diagnosed with acute HIV-1 benefited equally from continuous ART, intermittent ART, and intermittent ART combined with interferon-alpha, with no statistically...

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