Pediatrics

Reports of high-impact pediatrics studies by medical professionals

[Physician Comment] Pneumocystis linked to Sudden Unexpected Infant Deaths

Image: PD 1.  84% of infants with unexplained death were colonized with Pneumocystis, versus 66% of infants whose deaths were explained. 2. Pneumocystis colonization was associated with...

Varicella vaccine provides 14-year protection against chicken pox

Image: PD 1. The varicella (VZV) vaccine was 90% effective in preventing moderate to severe chicken pox over a 14-year period.  2. Risk of herpes zoster...

High cumulative-dose isotretinoin treatment decreases risk of acne relapse

Image: PD 1. Patients receiving 220 mg/kg or more of oral isotretinoin had a significantly decreased risk of acne relapse at 1 year after treatment...

New AAP guidelines against albuterol for bronchiolitis

1. A new American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) Clinical Practice Guideline has been released for the diagnosis and management of bronchiolitis. 2. These guidelines include...

Revised autism screening tool (M-CHAT-R/F) may allow for earlier diagnosis

Image: PD 1. The Modified Checklist for Autism in Toddlers Revised with Follow-Up (M-CHAT-R/F) is an effective and reliable test for detecting autism spectrum disorder...

Immunotherapy shows efficacy for pediatric allergic asthma and rhinitis

Image: PD 1. Subcutaneous immunotherapy (SCIT) and sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT) both show efficacy in treatment of pediatric allergic asthma and rhinitis.  2. While SCIT is FDA-approved,...

[Policy Statement] New guidelines for pediatric acute otitis media released

Image: PD In a released statement: 1. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) has updated recommendations for diagnosis and treatment of acute otitis media (AOM) for...

Adjusted neonatal care coincides with decreased morbidity and mortality

Image: PD 1. From 2000 to 2009, neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) increased use of antenatal steroids, cesarean delivery, surfactant in the delivery room, and...

New pediatric GERD management guidelines released

Image: CC/S.Fruitsmaak 1. Distinguishing between physiologic gastroesophageal reflux (GER) and pathologic gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is key to managing regurgitation symptoms in children.  2. Lifestyle modifications...

Undervaccination becoming more common, associated with increased patient admission rates

Image: PD 1. Undervaccination is an increasing trend among US children, with alternative vaccination schedules becoming more popular. 2. Compared to age-appropriately vaccinated children, undervaccinated children...

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