Pediatrics

Reports of high-impact pediatrics studies by medical professionals

AAP addresses neonatal pain prevention

1. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) policy statement reviews the literature on the efficacy and importance of neonatal pain reduction techniques and recommends...

Genetic evidence for causal relationships between maternal obesity-related traits and birth weight

1. This retrospective study found that genetically elevated maternal BMI and blood glucose levels were associated with higher offspring birth weight. 2. Genetically elevated maternal...

Pediatric asthma associated with abnormal patterns of lung function growth and decline in adulthood:...

  1. Childhood impairment of lung function and male sex significantly predicted abnormal lung-function patterns of growth and decline in adulthood. 2. Childhood persistent asthma and...

Childhood epilepsy linked to increased comorbidity

1. In a Norwegian nationwide registry study, children with epilepsy were compared to the general population. Over three-quarters of children with epilepsy had at...

Racial, ethnic disparity in smoking susceptibility in children persist

1. Using nationally representative data, this study found that racial and ethnic disparities in smoking susceptibility among nonsmoking children, was persistent over the 15...

Resuscitation of extremely premature infants with room air may increase mortality

1. In an underpowered study, infants less than 28 weeks were more than 3 times more likely to die if given room air during...

Family satisfaction with inpatient pediatric care varies widely between hospitals

1. Satisfaction with pediatric inpatient care, as rated by patients’ families on numerous quality measures, varied significantly among hospitals in the United States. 2. Children’s...

Neurodevelopmental outcomes for preterm infants show no improvement since 1990s

1. Rates of major neurosensory disability, IQ <-2 SD, cerebral palsy (CP), blindness, and deafness were similar at 8 years among premature infants born...

Reductions in U.S. foreign aid for HIV programs may result in small cost savings...

1. Reducing U.S. foreign aid could produce severe negative clinical and epidemiological effects while saving only $900 or $600 to $900 per year of...

Anti-TNF agents and thiopurines are associated with a slight increase in lymphoma in IBD...

1. In this retrospective cohort study, inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients on anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF) agents or thiopurines had a higher rate of...

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