Pediatrics

Reports of high-impact pediatrics studies by medical professionals

Proper passenger restraint use linked to parental race

Image: PD 1. White parents of children seen in Michigan emergency departments were more likely than nonwhite parents to report the use of age-appropriate child...
Classics Series, Landmark Trials in Medicine

PROS network study examines pubertal onset by race/ethnic groups [Pediatrics Classics Series]

Image: PD 1. In a study population of girls 3-12 years of age, it was found that African-American females developed secondary sexual characteristics at a...

[THE LANCET] Radiation exposure from CT scans in childhood linked with leukemia and brain...

Image: CC/rosiescancerfund Computed tomography (CT) imaging is a quick and easily accessible diagnostic tool, and its use has increased over the past decade. Compared to...

High-flow nasal cannulae noninferior to nasal CPAP in very preterm infants after extubation

Image: PD  1. The use of high-flow nasal cannulae was noninferior to the use of nasal CPAP according to a pre-specified margin of noninferiority.  2. The...

New risk stratification algorithm suggested for neonatal sepsis

Image: PD 1. A new evaluation algorithm for early-onset sepsis in neonates ≥ 34 weeks gestation incorporates both maternal and newborn clinical factors to stratify...

Buccal administration of dextrose gel effective for neonatal hypoglycemia

Image: CC/NICU 1. Administration of buccal dextrose gel to neonates is effective at correcting hypoglycemia within the first 48 hours of birth.  2. Buccal dextrose gel...
Classics Series, Landmark Trials in Medicine

Clinical prediction rule stratifies pediatric bacterial meningitis risk [Classics Series]

Image: PD 1. A Bacterial Meningitis Score of 0 accurately identified all children with aseptic meningitis in the study’s validation group.  2. The negative predictive value of a...
Classics Series, Landmark Trials in Medicine

CT scans associated with increased risk of malignancy [Pediatrics Classics Series]

Image: PD 1. Through a retrospective cohort analysis of children and young adults without previous malignancy, patients exposed to multiple CT scans were found to...

Health information technology improves obesity treatment access and screening, but not patient outcomes

Feb 5th – Pediatrics - Health IT has had a small impact on health care processes in pediatric obesity management – namely, increasing access...

Prophylactic penicillin and reduced septicemia in sickle cell patients [Pediatrics Classics Series]

Image: PD 1. This randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blinded trial demonstrated an 84% reduction in the incidence of pneumococcal septicemia among patients with sickle cell taking prophylactic...

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