Pulmonology

Reports of high-impact pulmonology studies by medical professionals

Novel Mid-East coronavirus (MERS-CoV): First detailed report

Image: PD 1. Two cases of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) in France were identified in this report. 2. Incubation time of the virus was...

[Physician Comment] Pneumocystis linked to Sudden Unexpected Infant Deaths

Image: PD 1.  84% of infants with unexplained death were colonized with Pneumocystis, versus 66% of infants whose deaths were explained. 2. Pneumocystis colonization was associated with...

Prone positioning decreases mortality in severe ARDS (PROSEVA Trial)

Image: CC/JHeilman 1. ICU patients with severe Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) who underwent prone positioning had lower 28-day and 90-day mortality rates than those...

Emergency department use of radiography in asthma increasing

Image: PD 1. Emergency Department (ED) use of radiography in asthma increased significantly between 1995 and 2009.  2. Pediatric-focused EDs have significantly lower rates of radiography...

Immunotherapy shows efficacy for pediatric allergic asthma and rhinitis

Image: PD 1. Subcutaneous immunotherapy (SCIT) and sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT) both show efficacy in treatment of pediatric allergic asthma and rhinitis.  2. While SCIT is FDA-approved,...

High mortality rates reported in ill patients with MERS-CoV

Image: PD  1. Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infection in critically ill patients is characterized by severe hypoxemic respiratory failure and high rate of...

Nicotine electronic cigarettes: No difference in abstinence from placebo or nicotine patches

Image: PD 1. Nicotine-containing electronic cigarettes offer no statistical improvement in 6-month abstinence rates in comparison to placebo non-nicotine-containing electronic cigarettes or transdermal nicotine replacement...

The CHEST-1 & PATENT-1: Riociguat significantly improves exercise capacity in pulmonary hypertension patients

Image: PD  1. In the Chronic Thromboembolic Pulmonary Hypertension Soluble Guanylate Cyclase–Stimulator Trial 1 (CHEST-1), oral riociguat significantly improved exercise capacity as measured by 6-minute walk...

High frequency oscillatory ventilation (HFOV) provides no mortality benefit over conventional ventilation in early...

Image: PD 1. Early initiation of high frequency oscillatory ventilation (HFOV) showed no mortality benefit over a conventional low-tidal-volume, high-PEEP ventilation strategy in acute respiratory distress...

Dexamethasone shows comparable efficacy to prednisone/prednisolone in pediatric asthma

Image: PD 1. A shorter course of dexamethasone, when compared to longer duration prednisone/prednisolone treatment for pediatric asthma exacerbation, showed no difference in terms of...
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