Pulmonology

Reports of high-impact pulmonology studies by medical professionals

Metformin does not improve the progression-free survival of stage IIIA or IIIB locally advanced...

1. Metformin, in addition to standard chemoradiation therapy, did not improve the progression-free survival, overall survival, local-regional recurrence, or distant metastasis occurrence compared to...

Canakinumab not associated with increased survival without invasive mechanical ventilation among patients hospitalized with...

1. Among patients hospitalized with severe COVID-19 and hyperinflammation, treatment using the anti-interleukin-1β antibody canakinumab, compared with placebo, did not significantly increase the likelihood...

Study highlights trends and outcomes of bronchodilator use in infants with bronchiolitis

1. In a large retrospective study, the rate of bronchodilator use during emergency visits for infants with bronchiolitis decreased from 51.5% to 22.8% between...

Seroprevalence of SARS-CoV-2 differed among different types of healthcare workers in Italy in the...

1. Health care assistants and nurses were at the highest risk of contracting SARS-CoV-2 among healthcare professionals early in the COVID-19 pandemic in Italy. 2....

Systematic analysis of tobacco smoking prevalence in 204 countries from 1990 to 2019

1. In 2019, 1.14 billion individuals worldwide were active smokers, accounting for 7.41 trillion cigarette-equivalents of tobacco. 2. Without intervention, the current count of 7.69...

Standard cytisine treatment for smoking cessation does not demonstrate noninferiority compared to standard varenicline...

1. Among adult daily smokers attempting to quit, cytisine treatment over 25 days failed to demonstrate noninferiority regarding smoking cessation when compared with standard...

Sleep deprivation affects next day performance in endurance activities and feelings of exhaustion

1. Athletes randomized to partial sleep deprivation demonstrated a quicker time to exhaustion affecting their overall physical performance in running exercises. 2. Sleep deprived...

Relation of severe COVID-19 in Scotland to transmission-related factors and risk conditions eligible for...

1. Very high risk individuals that qualified for shielding interventions from COVID-19 were still at elevated risk for developing a severe infection. 2. Recent hospital...

Epidemiologic analysis of chilblains cohorts before and during the COVID-19 pandemic

1. The incidence of chilblains increased during the COVID-19 pandemic, but chilblains cases were only weakly associated with COVID-19 infection, with only 2.0% of...

Severe SARS-CoV-2 infections associated with immune-mediated myopathy

1. Most people who died with COVID-19 showed myositis of various severities. 2. Patients who died with COVID-19 had greater overall pathology and inflammation than...

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