Urology

Reports of high-impact urology studies by medical professionals

Routine urinary tract cancer testing among all patients with microhematuria has low diagnostic yield

1. Evaluation with cystoscopy and CT urography for patients presenting with microhematuria (MH) had a low diagnostic yield for urinary tract cancers. 2. The diagnostic...

Similar prostate cancer mortality with surgery, radiation, and active surveillance: The ProtecT trial

1. The rate of prostate-cancer-specific mortality was nonsignificantly different for active surveillance, radical prostatectomy, and external beam radiation therapy over a median follow-up period...

Quick Take: Short-term androgen suppression and radiotherapy versus intermediate-term androgen suppression and radiotherapy, with...

The optimal duration of androgen suppression therapy with radiotherapy for locally advanced prostate cancer is unknown. In 2018, the French Canadian Prostate Cancer Study...

Biennial biopsies may be adequate for men under active surveillance for prostate cancer

1. After accounting for differences in surveillance protocols and treatments, researchers found that estimates of risk for biopsy Gleason score (GS) upgrade were not...

Patient-Reported Functional Outcomes After Hypofractionated or Conventionally Fractionated Radiation for Prostate Cancer

1. In men with prostate cancer, functional outcomes following moderately hypofractionated radiation therapy are clinically equivalent to those following conventionally fractionated radiation therapy. Evidence Rating...

Optimizing organ donations from overdose deaths may help address national organ shortage

1. U.S. transplants using organs from overdose-death donors (ODDs) has increased 24-fold from 2000 to 2016, and transplant outcomes from organs donated by ODDs...

Guideline-concordant multimodal therapy associated with improved mortality outcomes in patients with high-risk prostate cancer

1. Among patients with high-risk prostate cancer receiving guideline-concordant multimodal therapy, prostate cancer-specific mortality outcomes were equivalent among radical prostatectomy, external beam radiotherapy alone,...

Contrast-enhanced computed tomography associated with high sensitivity to renal stone detection

1. In a retrospective review of 72 patients with renal stones that underwent unenhanced computed tomography (CT) followed by contrast-enhance CT in the portal...

Quick Take: Accelerated hypofractionated radiation therapy for elderly frail bladder cancer patients unfit for...

The standard of care for T2-T4aN0M0 muscle-invasive bladder cancer (MIBC) and high-risk non-MIBC in fit patients is radical cystectomy (RC). In patients unfit for...

Kidney failure risk equation (KFRE) discriminates risk in children with chronic kidney disease

1. The kidney failure risk equation (KFRE), currently used in adults to estimate risk for progression to end-stage renal disease (ESRD) based on demographic...

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