Tag: BMI

1. In this retrospective cohort study, being underweight during middle and old ages was associated with an increased risk of dementia; whereas very obese people had a lower risk of dementia. 2. After adjusting for age and sex, all-cause mortality was highest in underweight and very obese populations. Evidence...
1. Obese adolescents treated with residential supervision of diet and exercise showed improved endothelial function after 10 months compared to those treated as outpatients. 2. Residentially-treated adolescents showed improvement in their BMI and exercise capacity and a significant reduction in cardiovascular risk factors compared to the outpatient group.  Evidence Rating Level:...
1. Most overweight and obese patients had not received weight reduction interventions according to primary care electronic records. 2. The most common weight reduction intervention in the primary care setting for overweight and obese patients was lifestyle advising, compared to prescription anti-obesity drugs for morbidly obese patients. Evidence Rating Level:...
1. Propionate, a product of dietary fiber fermentation by colonic microbiota, was found to increase levels of peptide YY (PYY) and glucagon like peptide-1 (GLP-1) in humans, which regulate satiety in the brain. 2. Long-term supplementation with propionate prevented weight gain and reduced intra-abdominal fat accretion. Evidence Rating Level: 2...
1. Morbidly obese (BMI≥35.0) women were significantly more likely to die from cervical cancer. 2. Underweight, overweight, and obesity were not independently linked to cervical cancer death. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good)            Study Rundown: Cervical cancer, caused by the Human Papilloma Virus (HPV), was formerly the leading cause of cancer...
1. Primary care visits supplemented by sessions with trained interventionists resulted in greater patient weight loss than primary care visits alone. 2. Frequent telephone calls from interventionists may also be successful as a standalone weight loss treatment program. Evidence Rating Level: 1 (Excellent) Study Rundown: The health impacts of obesity...
1. The daily rhythmic fluctuations of intestinal bacterial populations in both mice and humans were disrupted by changes in sleep, and in some cases, feeding patterns. 2. Such disruption of the bacterial fluctuations, as experienced by jet-legged humans, caused weight gain and glucose intolerance. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good)          Study Rundown:...
1. Regardless of the initial rate of weight-loss (gradual or rapid), participants regained a similar proportion of weight after long-term follow-up. 2. Attrition rate was higher among participants assigned to the gradual weight-loss program when compared to those in the rapid weight-loss program. 3. Leptin levels decreased in both groups...
1. In a study evaluating dietary patterns in infants at 6 and 12 months of age, socioeconomic factors such as maternal non-Hispanic African American race/ethnicity, lower education, and low household income correlated with higher scores on the “High sugar/fat/protein” dietary pattern. 2. “High sugar/fat/protein” and “High dairy/regular cereal” were associated with...
1. Overweight and obese children were significantly more likely to eat meals quickly and to eat in a room other than the kitchen. 2. Positive family dynamics during meals (e.g. group enjoyment, relationship quality, and warmth) were associated with a reduced prevalence of overweight and obese weight status in children. Study...