Tag: obesity

Image: PD 1. Weight gain between 0 and 18 months of age is independently associated with childhood excess weight and poor cardiovascular health markers.  2. Breastfeeding for at least the first 6 months of life was associated with lesser weight gain.  Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good)  Study Rundown: Researchers investigated the potential effect...
Image: PD 1. Childhood attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) was associated with a greater body mass index (BMI) and obesity rate in adulthood when compared to controls; these associations remained after adjustment for socioeconomic status, substance abuse, and other mental health disorders.  2. While those with ADHD that remitted prior to adulthood had...
Image: PD 1. 1 month complication rates in increasing order: laparoscopic-adjustable gastric banding (LAGB), sleeve gastrectomies (SG), laparoscopic gastric bypass (RYGB). 2. Weight loss at one year as percentage of body weigt: 34% for LAGB, 60% for SG, and 69% for RYGB.  3. SG is nearly as effective at as RYGB when...
Image: PD 1. Parents of overweight or obese teens reported more food restriction practices than parents of non-overweight teens.  2. Parents of non-overweight teens reported more pressure-to-eat practices than parents of overweight or obese teens.  3. Parents were more likely to use pressure-to-eat practices with sons than daughters.  Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good)  Study...
Image: PD 1. Duration of primary attention to TV was associated with increased body mass index (BMI).  2. Duration of screen use of TV, video games, and computers did not have a significant association with BMI.  Study Rundown: With both adolescent obesity and rates of media use on the rise, researchers aimed...
Image: PD 1. Less sleep was associated with greater increases in body mass index (BMI) of adolescents aged 14 to 18 years.   2. Each additional hour of sleep was associated with a decrease in BMI, with the strongest associations in individuals in the 90th BMI percentile.  Study Rundown: The prevalence of obesity...
Image: PD 1. Increased eating frequency in children and adolescents was associated with a 22% reduced likelihood of being categorized as overweight/obese.  2. The inverse relationship between meal frequency and obesity was significant only in boys.  Study Rundown: This study is a systematic meta-analysis of 11 studies investigating the association between eating...
Image: PD 1. Limited evidence has suggested longer and exclusive breastfeeding in infancy may lower the risk of later childhood obesity while still promoting growth. 2. In fact, when examined in late childhood, children who received more exclusive and/or longer term breastfeeding had similar growth and body fat profiles. Published today, the...
Image: PD 1. Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) participants have similar rates of obesity to low-income nonparticipants. 2. SNAP participants consumed more sugar-sweetened beverages, processed meats, and high-fat dairy products than non-SNAP participants. 3. However, both low-income groups (SNAP participants and nonparticipants) had less vegetable, fruit, and dietary fiber intake than...
Image: PD/CDC 1. Among overweight children, those attending schools with an after-school, opt-in soccer program were more physically active than those attending schools without a program. 2. Among all children, the soccer program produced no changes in physical activity, fitness, or weight status. This study showed that offering a year-long after-school, opt-in...