Surgery

Reports of high-impact surgery studies by medical professionals

The CLASS trial: laser ablation and surgery improve quality-of-life for varicose vein patients compared...

1. In patients with primary varicose veins followed for 5 years after treatment, those randomized to receive laser ablation or surgery reported greater improvements...

Quick Take: Differing risk of mortality in trauma patients with stab wounds to the...

Stab wounds are managed operatively and, in select cases, non-operatively, depending on a patient’s hemodynamic stability, the anatomic location of the stabbing, and whether...

Quick Take: Breast Cancer Recurrence in the Nipple-Areola Complex After Nipple-Sparing Mastectomy With Immediate...

Nipple-sparing mastectomy (NSM) in the setting of breast cancer preserves the nipple-areola complex (NAC) and breast skin envelope. While previous studies have shown that...

FDG-PET scanning demonstrates prognostic significance in prosthetic valve infective endocarditis

1. 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (FDG PET/CT) findings showed prognostic significance in prosthetic valve endocarditis by predicting risk of major cardiac and embolic...

Quick Take: Efficacy of prehospital criteria in identifying trauma patients susceptible to undertriage

While the early recognition of severe traumatic injury is associated with improved morbidity and mortality, undertriage has been associated with poorer patient outcomes. Previous...

Quick Take: Intravenous patient-controlled analgesia versus thoracic epidural analgesia after open liver surgery

Thoracic epidural analgesia (TEA) can provide effective postoperative analgesia after major abdominal and/or thoracic surgery. The use of epidural analgesia, however, remains low and...

Peri-operative interruption of DOACs associated with low rates of bleeding and thrombosis

1. The Perioperative Anticoagulation Use for Surgery Evaluation (PAUSE) cohort study evaluated the safety of standardized perioperative interruption of direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) for...

Quick Take: A multicenter trial of vena cava filters in severely injured patients

Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is common following major trauma. While delay in thromboprophylaxis initiation by more than 1 to 3 days is associated with a...

Cardiac device implantation complications vary widely among hospitals

1. Cardiac device implantation event complication rates were higher for ICDs than PPMs in this retrospective cohort study.2. Significant variation between hospitals was found...

Quick Take: The clinical and cost-effectiveness of total versus partial knee replacement in patients...

The two main surgical options for late-stage medial compartment osteoarthritis of the knee are partial knee replacement (PKR) and total knee replacement (TKR). There...
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