Surgery

Reports of high-impact surgery studies by medical professionals

Fractional carbon dioxide laser not effective for treatment of postmenopausal vaginal symptoms

1. A randomized controlled trial of 85 participants found no significant difference in vaginal symptom severity after 12 months between those who underwent fractional...

Role of endoscopic ultrasonography for differential diagnosis of upper gastrointestinal submucosal lesions

1. In a group of patients with upper gastrointestinal submucosal lesions, endoscopic ultrasonography demonstrated good diagnostic value in specific types of lesions. Evidence Rating Level:...

Incomplete polyp resection increases risk of future and advanced neoplasia

1. Incomplete resection of colon segments was shown to significantly increase the risk of future neoplasia compared to segments with complete resection. 2. Advanced neoplasia...

Two-year anastrozole treatment beneficial for disease-free survival in postmenopausal breast cancer

1. A five-year extension of anastrozole treatment was shown not to provide additional benefit compared to a two-year extension in postmenopausal women with hormone-receptor-positive...

Evaluation of epidural analgesia use during labor and infection in full-term neonates delivered vaginally

1. Epidural analgesia during vaginal labour was associated with an increased risk of infection among neonates  2. Further research and studies should focus on improving...

Prolongation of passive second stage of labour not associated with increased risk of hysterotomy...

1. Prolonging passive second stage beyond 2 hours did not increase the risk of hysterotomy extension during cesareans  2. Surgeon’s level of experience and forceps...

Pembrolizumab after nephrectomy improves survival in renal-cell carcinoma patients

1. Patients receiving adjuvant pembrolizumab after nephrectomy for renal-cell carcinoma showed significantly improved disease-free survival compared to patients receiving placebo treatment. 2. Patients treated with...

Continuous electrocardiogram monitoring following discharge detects atrial fibrillation in postoperative cardiac patients

1. Rates of detected atrial fibrillation (A fib) were significantly higher in postoperative cardiac surgery patients who wore a patch-based heart monitor for 30...

VieScope as a comparable alternative to Macintosh and Glidescope laryngoscopy for securing difficult airways

1. In a randomized-controlled simulation trial, intubation using the VieScope in a difficult airway showed similar rates of correct tracheal tube position as the...

Efficacy and safety of adalimumab in conjunction with surgery in moderate to severe hidradenitis...

1. Adalimumab was efficacious when used simultaneously with wide-excision surgery for treatment of moderate to severe hidradenitis suppurativa (HS). Evidence Rating Level: 1 (Excellent) Hidradenitis suppurativa...

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