Surgery

Reports of high-impact surgery studies by medical professionals

The Evolut Low Risk Trial: Self-expanding TAVR noninferior to surgery in low-risk patients

1. Among patients with severe aortic stenosis at low-risk for surgery, transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) with a self-expanding valve was noninferior to surgical...

The PARTNER 3 Trial: TAVR with balloon-expandable valves has favorable post-surgical outcomes among low-risk...

1. This randomized control trial compared post-surgical outcomes between transcatheter aortic-valve replacement (TAVR) with balloon-expandable valves or surgical valve replacement in low- risk surgical...

Tramadol may be associated with increased mortality among patients with osteoarthritis

1. In this retrospective cohort of patients with osteoarthritis, tramadol had a significantly higher risk of mortality over 1 year compared to NSAIDs, though...

Quick Take: State Gun Laws, Gun Ownership, and Mass Shootings in the US: Cross-Sectional...

In the United States, there are limited national gun laws, with significant variability between individual states. Previously studies have documented an association between permissive...

Quick Take: Comparison of Laparoscopic 270 Degree Posterior Partial Fundoplication vs Total Fundoplication for...

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a common disorder associated with reflux of gastric contents through the gastroesophageal junction. There are a wide variety of...

Thyroidectomy more effective than medication for Hashimoto disease with persisting symptoms

1. In this randomized controlled study, complete surgical removal of the thyroid in patients with persistent Hashimoto disease symptoms resulted in greater improvements to...

The PreVent trial: bag-mask ventilation decreases hypoxia in patients undergoing tracheal intubation

1. For intensive care unit (ICU) patients undergoing tracheal intubation, bag-mask ventilation between induction and laryngoscopy resulted in less hypoxia during the procedure.2. No...

Predictive model may help estimate bleeding risk with aspirin use

1. A model was constructed to predict bleeding risk in patients taking aspirin to prevent cardiovascular disease.2. The predicted data closely match the observed...

Risk Evaluation and Mitigation Strategy (REMS) program shows high rates of inappropriate transmucosal immediate-release...

1. After 5 years of monitoring, the Risk Evaluation and Mitigation Strategy (REMS) program found that up to half of opioid non-tolerant patients were...

Overlapping surgery not associated with adverse patient outcomes

1. In this retrospective cohort study, overlapping surgery was not associated with increased in-hospital mortality or post-operative complication rates but was associated with increased...
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