Surgery

Reports of high-impact surgery studies by medical professionals

Restricting perioperative fluid for abdominal surgery patients does not reduce complications: The RELIEF trial

1. Among patients at increased risk for complications undergoing abdominal surgery, those randomized to perioperative fluid restriction did not have increased disability-free survival at...

No benefit of negative pressure wound therapy for lower extremity open fractures

1. In this randomized controlled trial, there was no difference in the self-reported disability 12 months after injury between patients treated with negative pressure...

Early endovenous ablation of leg ulcers improves healing: The EVRA trial

1. Patients with leg ulcers caused by superficial venous reflux treated with compression therapy experienced earlier time to healing if they were treated with...

Radial-artery grafts outperform saphenous-vein grafts when used in CABG: The RADIAL trial

1. Patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) who received a radial-artery graft rather than a saphenous-vein graft (both groups also received an internal-thoracic-artery...

ECMO for severe ARDS does not improve mortality

1. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) for severe acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) did not show a 60-day mortality benefit compared to conventional ventilation and...

Physicians should look for misuse patterns that lead to overdose before prescribing opioids

1. All opioid misuse patterns examined had a positive association with opioid overdose and death. 2. High number of prescribers and/or pharmacies was a key...

Standard of practice intervention linked to reduced total and intravenous opioids for inpatients

1. A standard of practice and educational intervention aimed to reduce intravenous opioids in favor of subcutaneous route resulted in reduced frequency of intravenous...

Patients with advanced adenomas are at increased risk of developing colorectal cancer

1. Patients with advanced adenomas identified on flex sigmoidoscopy had a significantly increased risk of death from colorectal cancer (CRC) compared to those with...

Surgical repair improves survival and pain control in patients with dementia who suffer hip...

1. In this retrospective study, nursing home patients with dementia who had a hip fracture had improved survival if they underwent surgical repair compared...

Computer analysis is not better than human clinical evaluation when it comes to measuring...

1. Similar associations were observed with clinical BI-RADS and automated BI-RADS with respect to interval and screen-detected cancer. 2. Both automated and clinical BI-RADS showed...
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