Surgery

Reports of high-impact surgery studies by medical professionals

Impact of frailty on clinical outcomes and resource use following emergency general surgery in...

1. Following emergency general surgery procedures, frail patients had poorer clinical outcomes such as higher mortality, non-home discharge rates, and hospital readmissions, as well...

Adjuvant celecoxib not associated with improved disease-free survival in patients with ERBB2-negative breast cancer

1. The study found no evidence of benefit to disease-free survival when 400 mg of celecoxib was administered once daily for 2 years in...

Inequities in aortic stenosis and aortic valve replacement between black/African American, white, and Hispanic...

1. In a large cohort of hospitalized patients in Maryland, it was found that Black patients with aortic stenosis had a lower incidence of...

Influence of endocrine multidisciplinary tumor board on patient management and treatment decision making

1. In a cohort of thyroid cancer patients, multidisciplinary tumor boards were associated with changes in their management plan and improved clinician knowledge. Evidence Rating...

Bariatric surgery associated with improvement in macrovascular and microvascular function across subgroups of patients...

1. Weight loss surgery was associated with significant improvement in both macrovascular and microvascular function across subgroups of sex, race, and metabolic syndrome in...

Neoadjuvant apatinib therapy for locally advanced gastric cancer associated with high R0 resection rate

1. Neoadjuvant treatment of apatinib combined with S-1 plus oxaliplatin (SOX) was shown to be an effective treatment modality, resulting in a 75% R0...

Tamoxifen decreases recurrence rates at 25 years in lymph node-negative estrogen-receptor-positive and Erb-B2 Receptor...

1. Tamoxifen reduced the long-term risk of breast cancer metastasis or recurrence and improved survival, especially in large, low-grade progesterone receptor-positive, or Ki-67-positive patients,...

Guideline-concordant multimodal therapy associated with improved mortality outcomes in patients with high-risk prostate cancer

1. Among patients with high-risk prostate cancer receiving guideline-concordant multimodal therapy, prostate cancer-specific mortality outcomes were equivalent among radical prostatectomy, external beam radiotherapy alone,...

Postoperative dexamethasone does not reduce risk of adverse events following major non-cardiac surgery

1. This phase III drug trial showed that dexamethasone does not significantly reduce risk of adverse events and death following major non-cardiac surgery. 2. Secondary...

Incidence of benign breast diseases and their association with age, family history of breast...

1. The incidence of fibroadenoma, epithelial proliferation with and without atypia, and fibrocystic changes peak in women in their 40s, while cysts peak at...

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