Pediatrics

Reports of high-impact pediatrics studies by medical professionals

Quick Take: Evaluating the impact of community health volunteer home visits on child diarrhea...

Child deaths due to diarrhea and malaria are not uncommon in many low- and middle-income countries. In resource-poor settings, community health workers (CHWs) have...

Bacteremia in pediatric pneumonia associated with disease severity

1. In this retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data, researchers found that pediatric patients with pneumonia and bacteremia were more likely to have serious...

Quick Take: The safety and immunogenicity of two novel live attenuated monovalent (serotype 2)...

Oral live-attenuated polio vaccines (OPV) and injected inactivated polio vaccines IPV) have helped eradicate wild polioviruses. However, there is still a need to develop...

Activity limitations increase risk for mental health conditions

1. Youth aged 6 to 25 with chronic physical conditions were found to have more than 50% greater risk for developing mental health conditions...

Quick Take: Diffusion Tensor MRI of White Matter of Healthy Full-term Newborns: Relationship to...

Newborn babies have variations in white matter development, but it is unknown whether these variations are associated with changes in later neurodevelopment. In this...

Decline in pediatric herpes zoster associated with varicella vaccine

1. In a retrospective cohort study, researchers discovered that children vaccinated with the varicella vaccine were significantly less likely to have herpes zoster (HZ)...

The MORDOR II trial: mass azithromycin distribution decreases childhood mortality in Niger

1. Mass, twice-yearly administration of azithromycin to children between 1 and 59 months of age in communities in Niger previously not administered azithromycin significantly...

High rates of oophorectomy for benign ovarian neoplasms in pediatric population

1. In this multicenter retrospective cohort study, pediatric patients with an ovarian neoplasm had high rates of oophorectomy despite low rates of malignancy. Premenarchal...

Adolescents with mental health problems at higher risk for e-cigarette use

1. High rates of externalizing mental health problems among adolescents were strongly associated with initiation of e-cigarette use, combustible cigarette use, and dual use...

Rate of opioid prescribing in adolescents largely unchanged

1. Between 2005 and 2015, there was a small decrease in the rate of opioid prescriptions in emergency department (ED) visits to adolescents and...
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