Pediatrics

Reports of high-impact pediatrics studies by medical professionals

No association of overweight childhood and adult type 2 diabetes risk after weight loss

1. Compared to men who were never overweight, those overweight at age 7 who returned to a normal body mass index (BMI) by age...

Prevalence of cerebral palsy in preterm infants changes over time

1. In preterm infants followed over a 3.75-year study period, the overall prevalence of cerebral palsy (CP) decreased from 16% to 12%, the prevalence...

Transgender youth found to have higher rates of mental health disorders

1. Transgender and/or gender nonconforming (TGNC) children and adolescents had higher prevalence of mental health disorders compared to their cisgender peers. 2. Anxiety disorders, attention...

Emergency department revisit rates underestimated among pediatric patients

1. Emergency department (ED) revisit rates among pediatric patients were shown to be underestimated by almost 20% when only revisits that occurred at the...

A Zika vaccine could virtually eliminate prenatal infections

1. Zika virus shown to be of moderate to high efficacy in eliminating prenatal infections. 2. Vaccine provides 90% coverage and is targeted for immunization...

Early Reading Aloud Intervention Improves Social-Emotional Development

1. A primary care pediatric intervention that promotes parental involvement through reading aloud and play demonstrated sustained improvement in childhood behavioral outcomes in children. Evidence...

Acid suppression and antibiotic use in infancy linked to allergic disease

1. Use of histamine 2 receptor antagonists (H2RA) or proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) during the first 6 months of life was associated with increased...

Pathway modification reduces admissions for pediatric anaphylaxis

1. Inpatient and observation unit admissions for pediatric anaphylaxis decreased by more than half following implementation of a revised clinical care pathway. 2. More than...

Quadrivalent recombinant influenza vaccine noninferior to inactivated vaccine

1. The quadrivalent recombinant influenza vaccine (RIV4) was noninferior when compared with the quadrivalent inactivated influenza vaccine (IIV4) for immunogenicity. Evidence Rating Level: 1 (Excellent) Study...

Isolated vomiting not linked to clinically important TBI in children

1. Isolated vomiting (vomiting without other predictors of traumatic brain injury as defined by 3 high-quality clinical decision rules ) was not associated...
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