Pediatrics

Reports of high-impact pediatrics studies by medical professionals

Recurrence of Group B Streptococcal infection similar in shortened and prolonged therapy

The rates of Group B Streptococcal (GBS) bacteremia recurrence in infants with an initial course of late-onset infection who received shortened and prolonged IV...

Spontaneous vaginal delivery rates similar for immediate versus delayed pushing in second stage of...

1. In this randomized controlled trial, the rates of operative vaginal deliveries and cesarean sections did not differ between immediate versus delayed pushing groups. 2....

Acetaminophen reduces recurrence of febrile seizures in children within same fever episode

1. Rectal acetaminophen reduces rates of second febrile seizure (FS) in children during the course of the same febrile illness when given rectally soon...

Large proportion of late preterm infants and older admitted to the NICU

1. Infants ≥ 34 weeks’ gestational age (GA) comprised 75% of the median proportions of neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) admissions across level II-IV...

Improving access to mental health services through electronic referral and follow-up

1. Improved mental health appointment show rates were seen after the launch of an electronic referral system to mental health or social work services...

Palliative care consultation linked to lower deaths by failed code resuscitation

1. Among deaths at one, large children’s hospital, the most common mode of inpatient death was withdrawal of life sustaining technologies, followed by nonescalation...

Early language exposure is predictive of language skills and IQ in school-age children

1. Language-based interactions between children 18 to 24 months of age and adults predicted intelligence quotient (IQ), verbal comprehension, and expressive and receptive language...

Despite guidelines, use of CT for head trauma in children remains unchanged

1. The Pediatric Emergency Care Applied Research Network (PECARN) published clinical prediction rules in 2009 to identify children with head trauma for whom computed...

Prenatal and postnatal homelessness linked with poorer health outcomes

1. Children <4 years of age with a history of prenatal or postnatal homelessness were more likely to have prior hospitalizations, fair or poor...

Neonatal abstinence syndrome linked to educational disabilities

1. Children with a history of neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) had higher odds of qualifying for and receiving therapies and services for educational disabilities...
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