Pediatrics

Reports of high-impact pediatrics studies by medical professionals

Prenatal antidepressant exposure may increase risk of poor motor development

A meta-analysis of 18 studies examining the association of prenatal antidepressant exposure with motor development in children showed a small overall effect of worse...

Disparities in adolescent physical activity between sex, race, and income

1. In this study of the patterns of physical activity in adolescents and young adults, young age, white race, and higher income were all...

Prognosis of extremely premature infants linked to inherent selection bias

1. Demographic data, such as larger birth weight and female gender, of infants born at 23 weeks’ gestation were shown to influence the chance...

Lower and higher oxygen saturation targets result in equal but contrasting outcomes for extremely...

1. In this meta-analysis, there was no significant difference between lower and higher oxygen saturation targets on a primary composite of mortality or major...

Wide international variation in survival for periviable neonates

1. Survival of neonates born at 22 weeks’ gestation ranged from 1.8 to 22.3% using all live births as the denominator, and this variation...

Exercise linked to reduced mortality in survivors of childhood cancer

1. In this retrospective cohort analysis, adult survivors of childhood cancer demonstrated reduced mortality with increasing levels of vigorous exercise in a week. 2. Increasing...

Isolated mild/moderate thrombocytopenia may not require intervention

1. In a review of children who presented to a specialist hematology clinic with isolated mild or moderate low platelet counts, though causes were...

Recombinant human pentraxin 2 slows the decline in lung function for patients with idiopathic...

1. The use of recombinant human pentraxin 2 vs placebo resulted in a slower decline in lung function over 28 weeks for patients with...

Restrictive state alcohol policies may reduce alcohol-related crash fatalities

1. Increasingly restrictive state alcohol policies were associated with reduced odds that a crash fatality was alcohol related, both when blood alcohol levels were...

Surveillance of DTaP Vaccines Reveals No New Safety Concerns

1. Surveillance of adverse events after diphtheria-tetanus-acellular pertussis (DTaP) vaccine administration reported to the Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System (VAERS) between 1991 and 2016...
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