Pediatrics

Reports of high-impact pediatrics studies by medical professionals

Quality improvement initiative increases rates of evidence-based ventilation strategy in NICU

 1. In this single center quality improvement study, the use of any volume-targeted ventilation in premature infants increased by 16%, and exclusively volume-targeted ventilation increased...

Association of preterm birth with long-term risk of heart failure into adulthood

1. Pre-term birth was associated with significantly increased risk of adult-onset heart failure, particularly among those 18 to 43 years of age. Evidence Rating Level:...

Targeted intervention improved Infant Bronchiolitis treatment by deimplementing ineffective management practices

1. Targeting specific ineffective bronchiolitis treatment practices and further educating hospital staff on appropriate treatment was more effective at deimplementing inappropriate treatment, compared to...

Clinical outcomes of infants breastfeeding from mothers with COVID-19

1. A small study of Israeli neonates with COVID-19-positive mothers found no transmission of SARS-CoV-2 to the neonates from feeding on unpasteurized maternal breast...

Clinical practice algorithm reduces endotracheal aspirate cultures in PICU

1. In a single center quality improvement project, implementation of a clinical practice algorithm in mechanically ventilated patients in the pediatric ICU lead to...

Prematurity linked to increased risk of heart failure in adulthood

1. Across all age groups at the time of diagnosis, younger gestational ages were associated with an increased risk of developing heart failure later...

No association found between 9-valent Human Papillomavirus Vaccine During Pregnancy and adverse pregnancy outcomes

1. No significant increase in spontaneous abortion, preterm birth, major structural defects, or small for gestational age rates were found in women receiving 9vHPV...

Substantial risk of abuse seen in siblings of abused children

1. In this longitudinal cohort study, siblings of children who were abused had a 60-fold increase in the risk of abuse. 2. The strongest...

Increased mortality among parents of children with major congenital anomalies

1. Mothers and fathers of children with major congenital abnormalities were found to experience an overall increased risk of mortality as compared with parents...

Fetal cardiovascular magnetic resonance may offer prenatal diagnostic information for indeterminate congenital heart defects

1. The majority of prenatal fetal cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging improved the diagnosis of congenital heart defects (CHD) when fetal echocardiography yielded inconclusive...

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