Pediatrics

Reports of high-impact pediatrics studies by medical professionals

Trampoline-related fractures on the rise

1. Between the years 2008 and 2017, researchers noted a significant rise in the number of trampoline-related fractures.2. Though still most commonly occurring at...

Risk factors for sudden unexpected infant deaths distinct based on infant age

1. A retrospective analysis of cases of sudden unexpected infant death (SUID) found that SUIDs in the first week of life differ significantly from...

Growth Faltering is Associated With Altered Brain Functional Connectivity and Cognitive Outcomes In Urban...

1. Height-for-age z-score was negatively associated with brain functional connectivity (FC), with FC serving as a mediating factor between child growth and future intellectual...

Overall childhood injuries from nonpowder firearms are decreasing, eye injuries are increasing

1. In a cross-sectional study examining a national injury surveillance system, the annual rate of nonpowder firearm injuries to children decreased by ~50% per...

Closed-loop insulin delivery systems may improve glycemic outcomes compared to sensor-augmented pumps

1. In this randomized controlled trial, patients with type 1 diabetes who used a closed-loop system spent a greater percentage of time in a...

Developmental assessment at 9 months of age can predict fetal alcohol syndrome

1. In this prospective cohort study, infants underwent developmental and dysmorphologic assessments at various times throughout early life. Researchers found that starting at 9...

Association of Widespread Adoption of the 39-Week Rule With Overall Mortality Due to Stillbirth...

1. Following the Joint Commission’s adoption of the 39-week rule to reduce early, elective deliveries, there has been a marginal significant increase in the...

Among young adults, marijuana use increased and tobacco use decreased

1. Among college students in the United States from 2002 to 2016, overall marijuana use increased, while rates of tobacco smoking decreased.2. Among young...

Association of Cord Plasma Biomarkers of In Utero Acetaminophen Exposure With Risk of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity...

1. Acetaminophen burden, as measured by cord plasma samples, was associated with increased, dose-dependent risk of childhood Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder and Autism Spectrum Disorder.Evidence Rating...

Effect of Continued Folic Acid Supplementation Beyond the First Trimester of Pregnancy on Cognitive...

1. Folic acid supplementation prevents neural tube deficits during pregnancy, but if continued beyond the recommended first trimester, may positively impact neurodevelopment and cognitive...
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