Pediatrics

Reports of high-impact pediatrics studies by medical professionals

Teplizumab delays type 1 diabetes diagnosis in high risk patients

1. In relatives of patients with type 1 diabetes (T1DM) at risk for disease development, randomization to teplizumab delayed time to T1DM diagnosis compared...

The Ellipse trial: liraglutide improves glycemic control in children with type 2 diabetic on...

1. In children with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) on metformin, those randomized to liraglutide had better glycemic control after 26 weeks compared to placebo...

Racial, ethnic differences in outcomes of extremely preterm infants decreasing but persistent

1. In this retrospective cohort study reviewing data from 2006 to 2017, researchers showed very premature infants identified as African American had more rapid...

Challenges and feasibility of fertility preservation in feminizing transgender youth

1. In this retrospective cohort study, fertility preservation proved feasible in transgender feminizing youth, both before and after the initiation of gender-affirming hormonal therapies.2....

Pivotal response treatment improves social communication in children with autism spectrum disorder

1. Pivotal response treatment (PRT) is an intervention designed to increase motivation to interact by rewarding effort with natural reinforcement. Children with autism spectrum...

Adults with cerebral palsy at increased risk for mental health disorders

1. In this cross-sectional study, adult patients with cerebral palsy (CP) had a higher prevalence of mental health disorders compared to adults without CP.2....

The TRACT trial: no mortality benefit observed in African children with uncomplicated severe anemia...

1. In African children with uncomplicated severe anemia, immediate blood transfusion did not notably alter patient mortality at 1- or 6-months post treatment compared...

Quick Take: Short-course primaquine for the radical cure of Plasmodium vivax malaria

Plasmodium vivax (P. vivax) malaria is a major cause of morbidity and mortality throughout the world. Primaquine, an 8-aminoquinoline, is the only widely available...

Differences in NICU quality and access leads to racial disparities in neonatal outcomes

1. A systematic review found multiple studies showing that infants of color had lower access to high-quality care and were more likely to receive...

Neonates with isolated historical fever likely at lower risk for serious bacterial infection

1. In this retrospective cohort study, infants with a history of fever but without fever on presentation to the hospital or subsequent fever while...
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