Pediatrics

Reports of high-impact pediatrics studies by medical professionals

1 in 5 US women report delayed contraceptive initiation after sexual debut

1. A total of 1 in 5 women in the US reported delayed contraceptive initiation (>1 month after sexual debut), with higher rates of...

Parents often unaware of adolescents’ suicidal thoughts

1. Clinical interviews of adolescents and their parents revealed that half of parents were unaware of their adolescents’ lifetime thoughts of suicide.2. Older adolescent...

The REACH trial: hydroxyurea safe and effective for sickle cell anemia in African children

1. Among sub-Saharan African children with sickle cell anemia (SCA) treated with hydroxyurea, 5.1% experienced dose-limiting toxic events, well below the protocol-specified allowable rate...

Plagiocephaly/brachycephaly associated with lower cognitive and academic achievement scores

1. Children with positional plagiocephaly and/or brachycephaly (PPB) had significantly lower scores in global cognitive ability (GCA), nonverbal reasoning, verbal, and working memory scores compared...

Maternal obesity linked to increased risk of certain congenital heart defects

1. In this large population-based cohort study conducted in Sweden, maternal obesity status was linked to an increased prevalence rate of congenital heart defects...

Strict tobacco licensing laws linked to reduced adolescent smoking initiation

1. Strict tobacco retail licensing (TRL) regulation, including enforcement of laws banning cigarette sales to minors and regular compliance checks, was associated with lower...

Meningococcus B rates higher among college students compared with noncollege peers

1. College students were at significantly higher risk of contracting meningococcus serotype B (MenB) disease compared with noncollege students in the same age group.2....

Quick Take: Association of extending hospital length of stay with reduced pediatric hospital readmissions

Rates of hospital readmission are commonly used as a measure of quality of care in hospitalized patients. In adults, a shorter index hospitalization length...

Quick Take: Effect of intranasal ketamine vs. fentanyl on pain reduction for extremity injuries...

The provision of effective analgesia in children presenting with injuries in the emergency department presents as a challenge, with pain control efforts often proving...

Greater prenatal alcohol exposure trajectories linked to impaired growth and neurodevelopment

1. Five trajectories of prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) were described and compared; greater PAE was associated with reduced birth weight and length, as well...

All-time hits

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