Pediatrics

Reports of high-impact pediatrics studies by medical professionals

Early developmental screening of children with single ventricle physiology may not identify future deficits

1. Neurodevelopmental screening at 14 months of age had poor positive predictive value of adaptive behavior deficits at age six years. 2. At six years...

Cannabidiol treatment reduces number of seizures in patients with tuberous sclerosis complex

1. Seizures associated with tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) were reduced by 30% with add-on cannabidiol treatment compared to placebo. 2. Oral cannabidiol at 25 mg/kg/day...

Video laryngoscopy improves the first-attempt success rate of orotracheal intubation in infants

 1. 93% of infants in the video laryngoscopy group were successfully intubated on first attempt compared to 88% in the direct laryngoscopy group. 2. Significantly...

Seasonal malaria chemoprevention program shows cost-effective prevention for children in Africa

1. Implementation of seasonal malaria chemoprevention was associated with reductions in malaria cases and deaths during high transmission periods. 2. Seasonal malaria chemoprevention for children...

Study highlights characteristics of pediatric ambulatory central line associated bacterial infections

1. Ambulatory central line associated bacterial infection (CLABSI) rates in children were associated with significant morbidity and mortality. 2. Modifiable risk factors for CLABSI included...

Enteral water-soluble vitamin A does not reduce bronchopulmonary dysplasia severity in extremely preterm infants

1. Daily enteral water-soluble vitamin A in extremely preterm infants did not significantly reduce the severity of BPD compared to patients that received placebo. 2....

Meta-analysis highlights health benefits of probiotics and prebiotics in premature infants

1. Overall mortality, NEC morbidity, sepsis morbidity, time to enteral feeding, and length of hospital stay were decreased in premature infants receiving any two...

Child care providers likely not at increased risk of contracting COVID-19

1. With appropriate infection mitigation efforts in child care programs, there was no association between child care exposure and COVID-19 in adult child care...

Low risk of invasive bacterial infection in afebrile infants with acute otitis media

1. The prevalence of invasive bacterial infection in afebrile infants less than 90 days old with acute otitis media was uncommon. 2. Infants aged 0...

Improved contraception use with progestogen-only pill and rapid access vs emergency contraception

1. Compared to emergency contraception alone, continued use of effective contraception was 20.1% greater among women provided with a 3-month supply of progestogen-only pills...

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