Public Health

Reports of high-impact public health and policy studies by medical professionals

1 in 5 US women report delayed contraceptive initiation after sexual debut

1. A total of 1 in 5 women in the US reported delayed contraceptive initiation (>1 month after sexual debut), with higher rates of...

Young-onset type 2 diabetes associated with increased risk of hospitalization frequently due to mental...

1. Patients with young-onset type 2 diabetes had higher rates of all-cause hospitalization than usual-onset diabetes. Over one-third of the total hospitalization bed-days were...

Parents often unaware of adolescents’ suicidal thoughts

1. Clinical interviews of adolescents and their parents revealed that half of parents were unaware of their adolescents’ lifetime thoughts of suicide.2. Older adolescent...

Medication co-payment vouchers for P2Y12 inhibitors not associated with reduced major adverse cardiovascular events

1. In this randomized controlled trial, medication vouchers were associated with a small increase in patient-reported persistence with P2Y12 inhibitors for patients who had...

Direct-to-consumer medical marketing spending increased over last eighteen years

1. From 1997 to 2016, overall medical marketing spending increased by over $12 billion dollars, with Direct-To-Consumer (DTC) marketing representing the largest category of...

Maternal obesity linked to increased risk of certain congenital heart defects

1. In this large population-based cohort study conducted in Sweden, maternal obesity status was linked to an increased prevalence rate of congenital heart defects...

Screening all donated blood for Zika virus is not cost-effective in the United States

1. This microsimulation study suggested that screening blood for Zika virus is only cost-effective during the high mosquito season in Puerto Rico.2. The authors...

Strict tobacco licensing laws linked to reduced adolescent smoking initiation

1. Strict tobacco retail licensing (TRL) regulation, including enforcement of laws banning cigarette sales to minors and regular compliance checks, was associated with lower...

Meningococcus B rates higher among college students compared with noncollege peers

1. College students were at significantly higher risk of contracting meningococcus serotype B (MenB) disease compared with noncollege students in the same age group.2....

Greater prenatal alcohol exposure trajectories linked to impaired growth and neurodevelopment

1. Five trajectories of prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) were described and compared; greater PAE was associated with reduced birth weight and length, as well...

All-time hits

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