Public Health

Reports of high-impact public health and policy studies by medical professionals

Vulnerability of Never-Smoking Youth to Cigarette Smoking and Tobacco Industry Marketing

1. In a large and diverse cohort study, multiple susceptibility factors accurately predicted smoking outcomes 4 years later.  2. Exposure to tobacco marketing and electronic...

Infectivity of SARS-CoV-2 in children compared with adults

1. Children are most likely not the dominant drivers of COVID-19 transmissions, as their COVID test specimens were not as likely to grow in...

Substance use among hospitalized adolescents infrequently documented in electronic health record

1. In a cross-sectional study of hospitalized adolescents, approximately one third reported ever using alcohol, marijuana, electronic cigarettes, or a combination of ≥2 substances. 2....

Convalescent plasma transfusion provides mortality benefit in early COVID-19 disease stage

1. Transfusion of high-titer convalescent antibody plasma was associated with a lower risk of death from coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), compared to low-titered transfusions. 2....

Childhood fat mass more strongly associated with adult-onset type 2 diabetes (T2D) risk than...

1. An increase in childhood fat mass was more strongly associated with the risk of adult onset type 2 diabetes than childhood weight, independent...

Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring remains the reference standard for hypertension screening over office-based measurement:...

1. Screening for hypertension using office-based blood pressure measurement (OBPM) resulted in major accuracy limitations, including misdiagnosis when compared with the current reference standard...

Sepsis performance measure implementation not associated with clinical outcomes improvement

1. Adoption of the Severe Sepsis and Septic Shock Early Management Bundle (SEP-1) program resulted in greater adherence to individual process measures such as...

ChAdOx1 nCov-19 AstraZeneca COVID-19 vaccine not effective against B.1.351 variant

1. The ChAdOx1 nCov-19 (AstraZeneca) vaccine was not effective for the prevention of mild-to-moderate COVID-19 infection caused by the B.1.351 variant.  2. The ChAdOx1...

Prior SARS-CoV-2 infection is associated with protection against reinfection

1. Previous infection from SARS-CoV-2 was linked to an 84% lower incidence of reinfection. 2. Median interval between primary infection and reinfection of COVID-19 was...

Health literacy intervention for childhood obesity prevention has limited effects 

1. In this multisite, cluster-randomized controlled trial, a health literacy program for early childhood obesity prevention resulted in less weight gain at 18 months...

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