Public Health

Reports of high-impact public health and policy studies by medical professionals

First-degree family history of breast cancer associated with increased risk of breast cancer in...

1. In this prospective cohort study, first-degree family history of breast cancer was associated with increased risk of breast cancer in women 65 years...

Oral neonatal rotavirus vaccine RV3-BB effective in preventing severe gastroenteritis

1. Newborns receiving the oral human neonatal rotavirus vaccine (RV3-BB) with the first dose occurring either at birth or at 8 weeks experienced fewer...

Anthropometric failure in children related to intra-population variation in health determinants

1. Differences in health determinants within populations have a greater effect on anthropometric status of children than differences in population level health determinants in...

Aspirin comparable to rivaroxaban for extended venous thromboembolism prophylaxis following arthroplasty: The EPCAT II...

1. Patients initially treated with rivaroxaban following total knee or hip arthroplasty experienced similar rates of venous thromboembolism (VTE) regardless of continued rivaroxaban use...

Thrombectomy improves functional outcomes for imaging screened patients 6 to 16 hours after stroke:...

1. Patients presenting with ischemic stroke 6 to 16 hours after they were last known to be well had improved functional outcomes at 90...

Complex government-mandated sepsis performance measures not shown to improve survival

1. No moderate- or high-level evidence was found that SEP-1 or its hemodynamic interventions increase survival in septic adults. 2. The authors suggest that the...

Breast cancer screening using MRI versus mammography associated with more biopsies but lower cancer...

1. In women both with and without personal history of breast cancer (PHBC), screening MRI was associated with higher biopsy rates compared to mammography. 2....

Treatment-free remission of chronic myeloid leukemia possible after second-line nilotinib

1. Phase 2, open-label study results suggest that treatment-free remission (TFR) of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) for ≥48 weeks can be reached by over...

Opioid use associated with increased risk of invasive pneumococcal disease

1. Researchers found a strong link between prescription opioid use and the risk for invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD). 2. The strongest link was present in...

Cranial electrical stimulation may be of modest benefit for treating depression and anxiety

1. Low-strength evidence suggests that cranial electrical stimulation (CES) may be moderately beneficial for patients with depression and anxiety. 2. There was insufficient evidence that...
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