Public Health

Reports of high-impact public health and policy studies by medical professionals

Emergency Departments more likely to transfer injured children on Medicaid

1. Emergency departments (EDs) that treated higher percentages of patients on Medicaid were more likely to transfer patients, rather than to admit them. 2. Younger...

Hormone replacement therapy not associated with changes in mortality in post-menopausal women

1. In this analysis of two randomized controlled trials, hormone replacement therapy (HRT) was not associated with a change in all-cause mortality among post-menopausal...

Both total and uninterrupted sedentary time correlated with increased risk of mortality

1. Both a high total amount of sedentary time as well as its accumulation in lengthy, continuous stretches were linked to a higher risk...

Fewer off-road vehicle injuries with age-restricting legislation

1. Emergency department visits related to off-road vehicle (ORV) accidents significantly decreased in children ages 17 and younger after the passage of stricter legislation...

Intensive blood pressure lowering linked to decreased mortality in patients with chronic kidney disease

1. In a meta-analysis of randomized trials evaluating blood pressure control in patients with stage 3-5 chronic kidney disease (CKD), more intensive blood pressure...

Total mucin concentration is associated with chronic bronchitis phenotype

1. Total airway mucin concentration was significantly elevated in current or former smokers with chronic bronchitis compared to non-smoker controls, and correlated with disease...

Outreach efforts improve rates of colon cancer screening

1. This randomized clinical trial showed that among persons aged 50-64 years, mailed outreach invitations offering either fecal immunochemical tests (FIT) or colonoscopies increased...

Rapid tests linked to quicker and more accurate results for influenza diagnosis than traditional...

1. Compared to traditional rapid influenza diagnostic tests (RIDTs), digital immunoassays (DIAs), and rapid nucleic acid amplification tests (NAATs) had significantly higher sensitivities for...

Physician notification increases patient participation in colorectal cancer screening

1. Providing physicians with a list of patients requiring colorectal cancer screening results in a small but significant increase in patient participation in fecal...

Antibiotic prescribing rates in pediatric emergency departments vary by race and ethnicity

1. Non-Hispanic (NH) white children were more likely to be prescribed antibiotics for viral acute respiratory tract illnesses (ARTIs) in pediatric emergency departments (PEDs)...
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