Public Health

Reports of high-impact public health and policy studies by medical professionals

Study examines post-discharge pediatric mortality rate in Mozambique

1. About 1 in 25 children younger than age 15 years died within 90 days of hospital discharge in Southern Mozambique; over half of...

Veteran Health hospitals consistently outperform non-Veteran Health hospitals in several measures of quality of...

1. The authors of this cross-sectional study found that Veteran Health (VA) hospitals provided the better care in most hospital referral regions compared to...

Child maltreatment interventions not shown to prevent abuse and neglect

1. In this systemic review, interventions from primary care were not found to reduce reports to child protective services or result in a lower...

Large spike in drug use-associated infective endocarditis linked with opioid epidemic

1. Researchers have identified a significant increase in hospitalizations due to infective endocarditis related to drug use.2. Heart valve surgeries among patients with drug...

Quick Take: Multicenter Trial of a Combination Probiotic for Children with Gastroenteritis

The use of probiotics has been suggested as a way to improve outcomes in children with gastroenteritis. In this randomized controlled trial, investigators randomized...

Interpreting genetic variants in kidney and genitourinary disorders will likely require systematic curation of...

1. This secondary analysis of genetic data emphasized the high number of potentially “pathogenic” variants that are revealed through exome sequencing when analyzing a...

Quick Take: Association of Prenatal Exposure to Air Pollution with Autism Spectrum Disorder

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) has a poorly understood etiology, with some evidence suggesting that environmental contaminants and air pollution may be potential risk factors....

Fractional-dose vaccination offers long lasting protection against yellow fever

1. This ten-year follow-up study of a randomized controlled trial suggested that intradermal administration of one fifth of the yellow fever vaccine could provide...

American College of Physicians releases principles to guide patient partnership in health care

1. The authors of this study generated four principles to identify the role of patients and families in developing physicians’ care plans through a...

Quick Take: Association of African Ancestry with Electrocardiographic Voltage and Concentric Left Ventricular Hypertrophy:...

Black individuals have a higher proportion of increased electrocardiographic voltage and concentric left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH), as compared to white individuals. However, self-identified individuals...

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