Public Health

Reports of high-impact public health and policy studies by medical professionals

Mass distribution of azithromycin shown to increase antibiotic resistance

1. Children in African villages that received scheduled azithromycin displayed increased antibiotic resistance compared to ones that received a placebo. 2. An increase in nonmacrolide...

Asymptomatic transmission of SARS-CoV-2 in young Marine Corps recruits

1. Shared rooms and platoon membership within young Marine Corps recruits were risk factors for transmission of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2)...

Lessons from a Covid-19 outbreak on a naval aircraft carrier

1. Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) was shown to spread rapidly amongst the U.S.S Theodore Roosevelt crew due to close close-quarter conditions...

Screening and exercise interventions did not reduce fractures in the elderly

1. In this pragmatic, randomized clinical trial, exercise or a multifactorial fall prevention strategy did not significantly affect fracture rates in the elderly 2. Exercise...

Plant-based QVLP influenza vaccine likely non-inferior to commercial inactivated vaccines

1. The plant-based quadrivalent virus-like particle (QVLP) seasonal influenza vaccine provided strong protection against respiratory illness and influenza-like illness. 2. The QVLP vaccine had a...

Height and BMI trajectories in children and adolescents are highly variable across the global...

1. In 2019, a mean height difference of 20 cm or greater was estimated between adolescents in countries with the tallest populations such as...

National trend of COVID-19 cases in children

1. Children represented a growing percentage of total COVID-19 cases 2. Hospitalization and death remained low amongst children with COVID-19 Evidence Rating Level: 3 (Average) Study Rundown:...

Timing of and adherence to social distancing measures likely affect COVID-19 transmission

1. This agent-based modeling study found that a 1-week delay in implementation of social distancing requirements could have increased confirmed cases over 5-fold in...

Comparison of life and healthy life expectancies between IBD patients and the general population

1. From 1996 to 2011, life expectancy for IBD patients increased by approximately 3 years, whereas from 1996 to 2008, healthy life expectancy decreased...

Elevated plasma ACE2 associated with an increased risk of poor cardiovascular outcomes

1. Increased levels of circulating ACE2 were associated with greater risk of cardiovascular and non-cardiovascular death, heart failure, myocardial infarction, stroke, and diabetes. 2....
licensing as small

All-time hits