Public Health

Reports of high-impact public health and policy studies by medical professionals

Ethnic differences in pediatric opioid prescriptions following long bone fractures declined over time

1. Previously reported ethnic differences in opioid prescribing at discharge in the emergency department (ED) for pediatric long bone fractures in 2012 became non-significant...

Adolescent e-cigarette use follows several distinct trajectories

1. Surveys of 1,800 students every 6 months throughout high school showed steadily increasing rates of e-cigarette use, with 17% reporting e-cigarette use in...

Increasing the number of SARS-CoV-2 immune family members associated with decreasing risk of infection...

1. Individuals not immune to COVID-19 had at least a 45% decreased risk of COVID-19 infection if at least one family member was immune...

Less physical activity and more screen time is associated with poorer mental health in...

1. In children and adolescents, meeting the 60 min/day physical activity recommendation and having less screen time were associated with fewer mental health difficulties. 2....

Fatalities in children associated with cough and cold medication often due to non-therapeutic intent

1. Most fatalities in children associated with cough and cold medication (CCM) ingestions were the result of medication administration by a caregiver for non-therapeutic...

Young adult romantic relationships and sexual activity before and during the COVID-19 pandemic

1. Youth have continued to engage in romantic relationships and sexual activity throughout the COVID-19 pandemic  2. Access to sexual health educations, services, and resources...

Associations between historically redlined districts and racial disparities in current obstetric outcomes

1. Historically redlined districts and racial discriminatory policies were associated with worse obstetrical outcomes including preterm birth  2. Structural inequities and racial disparities had detrimental...

Placebo effect size in treatment-resistant depression in adults

1. In this systematic review and meta-analysis, pooled analysis of placebos for treatment-resistant depression demonstrated a large effect size, but no significant difference between...

Patients with a previous allergy history and women are at increased risk of rare...

1. A case series of 22 patients found that women and patients with an allergy history were more likely to have experienced an anaphylactic...

Third dose of ChAdOx1 nCoV-19 vaccine and prolonged second dose-intervals are both associated with...

1. An interval of 44-45 weeks between the first and second dose resulted in a four-fold increase in median antibody titers, 28-days after administration,...

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