Public Health

Reports of high-impact public health and policy studies by medical professionals

Three-day amoxicillin course effective for chest-indrawing pneumonia in Malawi children

1. Three-day amoxicillin treatment for chest-indrawing pneumonia was not significantly different from five-day amoxicillin treatment in HIV-uninfected children from Malawi. 2. Relapse for pneumonia was...

Temporal estimates of case-fatality rate for COVID-19 outbreaks in Canada and the United States

1. Covid-19 case fatality estimated to be 1.6% in Canada and 1.8% in the USA Evidence Rating: 2 (Good) Covid-19 has disproportionately affected different areas of...

SARS-CoV-2 may be more transmissible than SARS-CoV and Middle Eastern respiratory syndrome coronavirus

1. SARS-CoV-2 is more transmissible in households compared to SARS-CoV and MERS-CoV. 2. Individuals aged over 60 years were the most susceptible to household transmission...

Implementation of recreational cannabis laws correlated with an increase in traffic fatalities in Colorado,...

1. Compared to a simulated synthetic model of Colorado, in which recreational cannabis laws (RCLs) had not been implemented, the state of Colorado experienced...

Extreme risk protection orders protect individuals from firearm threats

1. Extreme risk protection order (ERPO) laws were shown to protect respondents and family members from harming themselves or others with firearms. 2. The information...

Identification of a genetic susceptibility locus in patients with severe Covid-19

1. A 6-gene cluster at the locus 3p21.31 was determined to be related to Covid-19 susceptibility. 2. The ABO blood-group system was associated with disease...

Hydroxychloroquine ineffective as post-exposure prophylaxis for Covid-19

1. Hydroxychloroquine use as post-exposure prophylaxis within 4 days of a moderate or high-risk exposure did not prevent illness compatible with Covid-19 when compared...

Effects of 24-hour resident physician shifts on patient safety

1. Residents who were randomly assigned schedules without shifts exceeding 24-hours made more serious medical errors when compared to residents working schedules with 24-hour...

Influenza vaccination linked to slight increased risk of subdeltoid bursitis

1. In this retrospective populated-based cohort study, the annual inactivated influenza intramuscular vaccination was associated with a small absolute increase in subdeltoid bursitis. 2. When...

Risk of hospitalization for COVID-19 higher among black patients in Atlanta, Georgia

1. Black patients with COVID-19 were more likely to be hospitalized than white patients in Atlanta, Georgia. 2. Older age adults, lack of health insurance,...
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