Public Health

Reports of high-impact public health and policy studies by medical professionals

Nonmedical expenses of pediatric hospitalizations have disproportionate effects

1. Caregivers of hospitalized children had median nonmedical expenses and lost wages totaling $51.4 per day of hospitalization. 2. Cost burden as a proportion of...

Dengue serostatus impacts vaccine safety

1. Among dengue-seronegative individuals 2 to 16 years of age, there was a significantly increased risk of hospitalization and severe virologically confirmed dengue (VCD)...

Lowering public insurance income limits shifts costs to families and hospitals

1. Simulations that lowered the public insurance eligibility to 300%, 200% and 100% of the federal poverty line (FPL) resulted in a sizeable and...

Mean platelet counts shown to decrease during pregnancy

1. Retrospective analyses demonstrated evidence of mean platelet count decline during pregnancy beginning as early as the first gestational trimester 2. Platelet counts were significantly...

Mental health parity law associated with financial protection for children

1. The Mental Health Parity and Addiction Equity Act (MHPAEA) was associated with lower average out-of-pocket (OOP) spending on mental health for children in...

ADHD modestly associated with higher frequency of digital media use among teens

1. In this prospective cohort trial, teens with significant ADHD symptoms were slightly more likely to be associated with a higher frequency of digital...

Abstinence from substance use among adolescents is increasing

1. In a nationally representative survey of American adolescents, there was a fivefold increase in prevalence of lifetime abstinence from substance use among high...

More data needed to determine safety of probiotics and prebiotics

1. Studies are often lacking or inadequate with respect to reporting adverse events (AEs) related to probiotics and prebiotics. 2. The majority of the studies...

Opioid prescriptions for children with minor ailments linked to adverse events

1. Even among healthy children using standard dosing, outpatient opioid prescriptions were associated with adverse events. 2. Older children were more likely to be prescribed...

Alteplase unlikely to reduce disability after mild stroke without disabling deficits

1. In this randomized controlled trial, administration of alteplase within 3 hours of mild stoke did not lead to a reduction in disability at...
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