Public Health

Reports of high-impact public health and policy studies by medical professionals

Young drivers with ADHD linked with higher rates of crashes and violations

1. Adolescents with a diagnosis of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) experienced higher rates of crashes compared to adolescents without ADHD, including at-fault, single-vehicle, injury, and...

Duration, type of poverty affect children’s readiness for school

1. In this retrospective cohort study, researchers found that children born into poverty were less likely to be ready for school, regardless of the...

Use of aspirin for primary prevention linked to increased risk of intracranial hemorrhage

1. In this systematic review and meta-analysis, use of low-dose aspirin in patients without symptomatic cardiovascular disease was linked with an increased risk of...

Quick Take: Association of Visual Impairment With Economic Development Among Chinese Schoolchildren

Children in many developing countries have poor vision. In China, poor vision accounts for nearly half of all childhood disability. China has been experiencing...

PET scans show high tau levels in former NFL players with potential chronic traumatic...

1. Former National Football League (NFL) players with cognitive and neurological symptoms showed higher tau amyloid levels as detected on positron emission tomography (PET)...

Sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitors may be linked to Fournier gangrene

1. In this descriptive case series, 55 cases of patients with diabetes who developed Fournier gangrene while using sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 (SGLT2) inhibitors are described.2....

Quick Take: Risk of HIV transmission through condomless sex in serodifferent gay couples with...

Early evidence has suggested a strong association between HIV viral load and the risk of transmission to an HIV-negative partner, as well as a...

Quick Take: Gentamicin compared with ceftriaxone for the treatment of gonorrhoea (G-ToG)

Gonorrhea is a common sexually transmitted infection associated with local inflammation causing genital pain, pelvic inflammatory disease, increased HIV acquisition risk, and other related...

Unrecognized obstructive sleep apnea increases risk of postoperative cardiovascular events

1. In this prospective cohort study, severe but not moderate, unrecognized obstructive sleep apnea was associated with increased postoperative cardiovascular events in patients undergoing...

The EXTEND trial: neurological deficits decreased with thrombolysis up to 9 hours after stroke...

1. Patients presenting between 4.5 and 9 hours after stroke onset with viable brain tissue who received thrombolytic therapy had better neurological outcomes compared...
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