Gastroenterology

Reports of high-impact gastroenterology studies by medical professionals

Anemia associated with increased risk of developing Crohn’s disease, but not ulcerative colitis

1. Anemia increased the risk of development of Crohn’s disease, inversely to hemoglobin concentration 2. Anemia was not associated with an increased risk of ulcerative...

Conditional risk of diverticulitis after non-operative management

1. Among patients managed without surgery, the conditional recurrence-free survival of diverticulitis increased with each year survived recurrence-free. 2. Lower age and higher comorbidity burden...

Addition of bevacizumab to standard therapy improves outcomes in metastatic colorectal cancer

1. Adding bevacizumab to mFOLFOX6 therapy among patients with RAS mutant metastatic colorectal cancer led to an increased rate of liver metastases resection, which...

Diet and gastric bypass have similar metabolic benefits in diabetic patients

1. Diet alone had nearly identical benefits on insulin sensitivity compared to gastric bypass surgery. 2. The metabolic benefits from diet and gastric bypass surgery...

Robotic approach to paraesophageal hernia repair associated with positive patient outcomes

1. The use of robotic techniques to repair paraesophageal hernias resulted in low rates of recurrence and had positive patient outcomes at five years. Evidence...

Low serum albumin concentration predicts the need for surgical intervention in neonates with necrotising...

1. Among infants with necrotizing enterocolitis, serum albumin ≤ 20 g/L was associated with a significantly greater likelihood of requiring surgical intervention. Evidence Level Rating:...

Robot-assisted hernia repairs produce patient outcomes comparable to laparoscopic repairs

1. Robotic ventral hernia repairs yielded the same post-operative length of hospital stay, but worse abdominal wall quality of life scores as laparoscopic hernia...

Duodenal microbiota linked with environmental enteric dysfunction

1. The microbiota in the duodenum and the pathological characteristics of environmental enteric dysfunction (EED) that are associated with growth stunting were shown to...

Stromal Expression of hemopexin is associated with lymph-node metastasis in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma

1. Increased expression of the protein hemopexin in stroma of patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma may be associated with lymph node metastasis. Evidence Rating Level:...

Non-invasive clinical tool rules out inflammatory bowel disease in children with non-bloody diarrhea

1. In children with chronic, non-bloody diarrhea and abdominal pain, a clinical prediction tool using symptoms, C-reactive protein (CRP), hemoglobin, and fecal calprotectin accurately...
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