Gastroenterology

Reports of high-impact gastroenterology studies by medical professionals

Coronary microvascular dysfunction demonstrating improvement after surgery for inflammatory bowel disease

1. Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is associated with increased risk of coronary microvascular dysfunction (CMD). 2. Surgical intestinal resection in IBD patients improved coronary flow...

Microbiota-directed food intervention showed benefits for undernourished children

1. A microbiota-directed complimentary food showed growth and developmental improvements for undernourished children compared to conventional ready-to-use supplementary food. 2. The improved outcomes were linked...

Aprepitant regimen is linked to decreased chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting in women

1. Aprepitant in conjunction with palonosetron and dexamethasone is associated with increased antiemetic efficacy during FOLFOX or FOLFIRI chemotherapy in women Evidence Rating Level: 1...

Celecoxib added to adjuvant chemotherapy does not improve survival or recurrence versus placebo in...

1. Adding celecoxib to adjuvant chemotherapy did not increase disease-free survival or overall survival compared to placebo in patients with stage III colon cancer. 2....

Nivolumab in resected esophageal or gastroesophageal junction cancer improved survival

1. Adjuvant nivolumab significantly improved disease-free survival compared to placebo among patients with resected esophageal or gastroesophageal junction cancer. 2. Adverse events were more common...

Shortened duration of adjuvant chemotherapy in individuals with stage III colon cancer may be...

1. Explicit emulation of a target trial investigating the comparative efficacy of a shortened duration of adjuvant chemotherapy in individuals with stage III colon...

Weekly semaglutide effective for decreasing body weight in obesity

1. Once-weekly treatment of semaglutide was associated with meaningful body weight reduction at 68 weeks compared to placebo in patients with obesity. 2. Semaglutide treatment...

Terlipressin improved renal function in patients with type 1 hepatorenal syndrome

1. Administration of intravenous terlipressin was shown to improve kidney function in hospitalized patients with type 1 hepatorenal syndrome. 2. Patients treated with terlipressin were...

Increased albumin infusions did not improve decompensated cirrhosis

1. Administration of human albumin solution was shown not to lead to any clinical improvement in patients hospitalized with cirrhosis. 2. The albumin group had...

Food security status lower effectiveness of lifestyle-based weight loss approaches

1. Food-insecure patients were less responsive to intensive lifestyle intervention compared to food-secure patients. 2. Future studies should examine potential causative factors to ensure equitable...

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