Pulmonology

Reports of high-impact pulmonology studies by medical professionals

Outcomes of COVID-19-related ARDS patients on extracorporeal membrane oxygenation

1. Patients with COVID-19-related acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) had a comparable 90-day mortality rate to those with non-COVID ARDS on extracorporeal membrane oxygenation...

Point-of-care molecular testing for COVID-19 may offer fast, reliable results

1. Use of the novel molecular point-of-care testing, the QIAstat-Dx Respiratory SARS-CoV-2 Panel, was associated with a much shorter time to results compared to...

Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation shows benefit for patients with COVID-19 related severe acute respiratory distress...

1. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) for COVID-19 related acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) was associated with 60-day survival rates similar to other studies evaluating...

Atezolizumab may increase overall survival in patients with metastatic non-small-cell lung cancer

1. Atezolizumab significantly increased overall survival compared to platinum-based combination chemotherapy in participants with untreated metastatic non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and high programmed death...

Active malignancy during COVID-19 infection not associated with increased risk of ICU admission, intubation,...

1. There was no significantly increased risk of ICU admission, intubation, or death among hospitalized patients with COVID-19 and active malignancy compared with a...

COVID-19 associated with a wide range of cardiac manifestations in pediatric patients

1. Pediatric patients during the COVID-19 pandemic present with a wide range of cardiac manifestations that require early detection and treatment. Evidence Rating Level: 2...

Association of pediatric asthma risk with familial factors and air pollution

1. Exposure to particulate matter less than 2.5 um in diameter was identified as an environmental risk factor for pediatric asthma. 2. Family related risk...

Contact tracing and physical distancing projected to significantly reduce SARS-CoV-2 infections in Canada

1. A computerized model predicted that 64.6% of Canadians will be infected with SARS-CoV-2 without any interventions. 2. With enhanced case detection and contact tracing,...

Serum IL-6 and TNF-α levels identified as independent predictors of COVID-19 severity and mortality

1. Serum IL-6 and TNF-α were strong, independent predictors of disease severity and death among those with suspected and confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection. Evidence Rating Level:...

Proadrenomedullin predicts severe community-acquired pneumonia among children

1. Among children with community-acquired pneumonia, proadrenomedullin more accurately predicted severe disease than established biomarkers such as C-reactive protein and procalcitonin. Evidence Rating Level: 2...
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