Pulmonology

Reports of high-impact pulmonology studies by medical professionals

Pulmonary Embolism Rule-out Criteria non-inferior to usual care for patients at low-risk for pulmonary...

1. In this multicenter, randomized controlled study, the Pulmonary Embolism Rule-out Criteria (PERC) was not associated with an inferior rate of diagnosing thromboembolic events...

Systemic inflammatory response syndrome criteria may be more sensitive than quick sequential organ failure...

1. For predicting short-term mortality in patients with suspected infection, quick Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (qSOFA) had moderate specificity and poor sensitivity. 2. The systemic...

Low prevalence of pulmonary embolism among patients with syncope

1. Based on this retrospective cohort study from multiple countries, the prevalence of pulmonary embolism among patients presenting to the emergency department (ED) with...

Patients with sleep apnea achieve similar outcomes when receiving care from a sleep specialist...

1. Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) patients have similar outcomes regardless of sleep specialist or non-specialist care. 2. Systematic review data for access to care and...

Shorter pediatric tuberculosis treatment linked to higher completion rates

1. Children with tuberculosis (TB) who received 3 months of directly observed preventative therapy (DOPT) were >25 times more likely to complete their treatment...

Thyroid hormone supplementation may be a promising treatment for idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis [PreClinical]

1. An enzyme involved in thyroid hormone activation was found to be elevated in patients with pulmonary fibrosis. 2. Following the treatment of various mouse...

2 Minute Medicine Rewind January 15, 2018

Long-Term Effects of Inhaled Budesonide for Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia Among extremely pre-term infants, bronchopulmonary dysplasia is the most common chronic complication, associated with high mortality and...

Detection of respiratory viruses in febrile infants suggests lower risk of bacterial infection

1. Respiratory viruses were identified in 55% of febrile infants; those older than 28 days had a lower risk of bacterial infection when they...

Risk-based lung cancer screening may prevent more deaths than current guidelines

1. In terms of early lung cancer death per individual screened, targeting lung cancer mortality risk may improve lung cancer screening efficiency. 2. However, the...

School-based telemedicine enhances asthma management in children

1. A school-based telemedicine program with directly observed preventive therapy, when compared to enhanced usual care, led to more symptom-free days and fewer emergency...
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