Pulmonology

Reports of high-impact pulmonology studies by medical professionals

COVID-19 infection associated with increased risk of perioperative pulmonary and septic complications

1. COVID-19 infected patients were found to be at an increased risk of postoperative pulmonary and septic complications compared with a matched, non-infected cohort. Evidence...

Use of inhaled corticosteroids is not associated with improved COVID-related mortality in patients with...

1. Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease who were prescribed inhaled corticosteroids had an increased risk of COVID-19-related deaths compared to those on long-acting...

Diaphragm myopathy found in in critically ill patients with COVID-19

1. Patients with severe COVID-19 demonstrated a unique diaphragm myopathic phenotype compared to non-COVID-19 ICU patients. 2. It is unclear whether or not myopathy is...

Lessons from a Covid-19 outbreak on a naval aircraft carrier

1. Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) was shown to spread rapidly amongst the U.S.S Theodore Roosevelt crew due to close close-quarter conditions...

Effectiveness of lorlatinib in advanced anaplastic lymphoma kinase-positive lung cancer

1. In this randomized, double-blind, phase three trial, progression-free survival was higher in patients treated with lorlatinib compared with crizotinib. 2. Lorlatinib treated patients had...

Post-extubation high-flow nasal cannula associated with higher rates of treatment failure in preterm infants

1. Rate of treatment failure within 7 days of extubation was higher in patients that received post-extubation high-flow nasal cannula (HFNC), as compared to...

Healthcare workers in patient facing roles at 3 times greater risk of COVID-19 hospital...

1. Healthcare workers in patient facing roles have a 3 times greater risk of being admitted for COVID-19, compared to the general population, and...

Discontinuing Nasal Continuous Positive Airway Pressure in infants ≤32 weeks gestational age

1. Among infants born ≤ 32 weeks gestational age requiring nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP), a gradual pressure wean to 3 cm H2O...

Lopinavir-ritonavir does not improve clinical outcomes in patients hospitalized with COVID-19

1. Compared to standard therapy, patients in the lopinavir-ritonavir treatment group did not show reductions in 28-day mortality and progression to invasive mechanical ventilation...

Genetic susceptibility for severe Covid-19 symptoms with respiratory failure

1. In Italian and Spanish populations, the chromosome locus 3p21.31 was identified with associated enrichment in coronavirus disease 2019 (Covid-19) patients with respiratory failure. 2....

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