Infectious Disease

Reports of high-impact infectious disease studies by medical professionals

N95 masks may have similar efficacy to medical masks for influenza prevention

1. In this randomized controlled trial among outpatient health care personnel, N95 respirators were similar to medical masks for preventing laboratory-confirmed influenza.2. N95 respirators...

The NAMSAL ANRS 12313 trial: HIV viral suppression similar for dolutegravir and low-dose efavirenz...

1. For previously untreated HIV-1 patients in Cameroon, treatment with dolutegravir was noninferior to low dose efavirenz at lowering viral load over a period...

FDG-PET scanning demonstrates prognostic significance in prosthetic valve infective endocarditis

1. 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (FDG PET/CT) findings showed prognostic significance in prosthetic valve endocarditis by predicting risk of major cardiac and embolic...

Quick Take: Continuous low-dose antibiotic prophylaxis for adults with repeated urinary tract infection (AnTIC)

Patients that use clean intermittent self-catheterization (CISC) are at an increased risk of repeated symptomatic urinary tract infections (UTIs). While the prevention of UTIs...

Cardiac device implantation complications vary widely among hospitals

1. Cardiac device implantation event complication rates were higher for ICDs than PPMs in this retrospective cohort study.2. Significant variation between hospitals was found...

SGLT-2 inhibitors not associated with increased risk for severe UTI

1. No significant difference in severe UTIs was observed between patients starting SGLT-2 inhibitors for type 2 diabetes, compared to DPP-4 inhibitors or GLP-1...

Quick Take: Short-course primaquine for the radical cure of Plasmodium vivax malaria

Plasmodium vivax (P. vivax) malaria is a major cause of morbidity and mortality throughout the world. Primaquine, an 8-aminoquinoline, is the only widely available...

Neonates with isolated historical fever likely at lower risk for serious bacterial infection

1. In this retrospective cohort study, infants with a history of fever but without fever on presentation to the hospital or subsequent fever while...

Quick Take: Trends in diverting loop ileostomy vs. total abdominal colectomy as surgical management...

Fulminant Clostridium difficile colitis (FCDC) is a major complication of C. difficile colitis that has not responded to non-invasive interventions, and is ultimately treated...

Recombinant zoster vaccine reduced incidence of herpes zoster in autologous stem cell transplant recipients

1. In this randomized controlled trial, autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation patients who received 2 recombinant zoster vaccine doses had reduced incidence of herpes...
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