Infectious Disease

Reports of high-impact infectious disease studies by medical professionals

Rapid tests linked to quicker and more accurate results for influenza diagnosis than traditional...

1. Compared to traditional rapid influenza diagnostic tests (RIDTs), digital immunoassays (DIAs), and rapid nucleic acid amplification tests (NAATs) had significantly higher sensitivities for...

Reductions in U.S. foreign aid for HIV programs may result in small cost savings...

1. Reducing U.S. foreign aid could produce severe negative clinical and epidemiological effects while saving only $900 or $600 to $900 per year of...

Candidate drug to prevent HIV infection in women safe and well-tolerated in phase 2...

1. Maraviroc pre-exposure prophylaxis regimens were observed to be safe and well tolerated in patients. 2. No new HIV infections occurred during the course of...

Canagliflozin reduces cardiovascular outcomes in patients with diabetes: The CANVAS

1. Canagliflozin, a sodium glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitor, significantly reduced the risk of the primary composite outcome of cardiovascular death, nonfatal myocardial infarction,...

Negative information about vaccines received during pregnancy delays infant vaccinations

1. Pregnant women who received discouraging information about vaccinations, regardless of whether or not they received encouraging information, were more likely to delay vaccination...

Zika virus exposure detected in patients presenting with new neuroinflammatory conditions

1. In this prospective cohort study from Brazil, most patients admitted with new parainfectious/neuroinflammatory conditions including Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS), meningoencephalitis, or transverse myelitis had...

Implementation of pneumococcal vaccine programs linked to decreased antibiotic prescription

1. After implementation of practice guidelines advocating rational antibiotic prescribing for primary care providers, as well as a 7-valent pneumococcal conjugate (PCV7) catch-up program followed...

Antiretroviral therapy with tenofovir-emtricitabine-efavirenz demonstrates lower rate of adverse birth outcomes than other regimens

1. In an observational study across hospitals in Botswana, women with HIV infection had higher rates of adverse birth outcomes than uninfected women. Women...

HCV treatment administered by nonspecialist providers as safe and effective as that provided by...

1. HCV treatment by nurse practitioners and primary care physicians with compact didactic training was found to be equally as effective as specialist treatment. 2....

Features predicting treatment failure in acute otitis media

1. In this study of children with acute otitis media randomized into treatment and placebo groups, older children were less likely to fail treatment,...
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