Infectious Disease

Reports of high-impact infectious disease studies by medical professionals

Quick Take: Risk of Appendiceal Neoplasm in Periappendicular Abscess in Patients Treated With Interval...

Patients presenting with appendicitis are typically stratified as having either uncomplicated or complicated acute appendicitis, the latter of which may include the formation of...

Large spike in drug use-associated infective endocarditis linked with opioid epidemic

1. Researchers have identified a significant increase in hospitalizations due to infective endocarditis related to drug use.2. Heart valve surgeries among patients with drug...

Fractional-dose vaccination offers long lasting protection against yellow fever

1. This ten-year follow-up study of a randomized controlled trial suggested that intradermal administration of one fifth of the yellow fever vaccine could provide...

Risk stratification criteria demonstrate high sensitivity for invasive bacterial infections among febrile infants

1. The Rochester criteria and the modified Philadelphia criteria were found to have the same sensitivity (greater than 80%) in identifying infants 29-60 days...

Zoliflodacin (ETX0914) effectively treats urogenital gonorrhea

1. Patients with uncomplicated urogenital gonorrhea treated with the novel antibiotic zoliflodacin, developed in part due to increasingly antibiotic resistant gonorrhea, were cured at...

Triple combination regimen appears safe and effective for cystic fibrosis

1. Treatment with the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) protein corrector VX-659 in combination with tezacaftor–ivacaftor significantly improved measures of lung function and...

Medical vaccine exemptions increase after elimination of nonmedical exemptions

1. After California eliminated nonmedical exemptions from school-entry vaccinations in 2015, the proportion of kindergarten students who received all required vaccines rose from 92.8%...

Quick Take: Use of radiography in patients diagnosed as having acute bronchiolitis in US...

Bronchiolitis occurs with the viral infection of the lower respiratory tract, carrying with it a significant health burden among young children. According to the...

Replacement of recipient hematopoietic cells with donor cells may be a major factor in...

1. Allo-HSCT treatment resulted in significant prolonged reduction in HIV-1 viral reservoirs.2. Mouse models showed adoptive transfer of peripheral CD4+ T cells to immunosuppressed...

Early and delayed renal-replacement therapy for septic shock associated acute kidney injury show similar...

1. Among patients with septic shock and acute kidney injury (AKI), there was no significant difference in 90-day mortality between early (within 12 hours)...

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