Infectious Disease

Reports of high-impact infectious disease studies by medical professionals

Failures in using personal protective equipment are commonly observed

1. In this qualitative study, active failures in infectious agent transmission precaution practices were observed frequently. 2. Common failures include: failure to enter room with...

No benefit of negative pressure wound therapy for lower extremity open fractures

1. In this randomized controlled trial, there was no difference in the self-reported disability 12 months after injury between patients treated with negative pressure...

Surveillance of DTaP Vaccines Reveals No New Safety Concerns

1. Surveillance of adverse events after diphtheria-tetanus-acellular pertussis (DTaP) vaccine administration reported to the Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System (VAERS) between 1991 and 2016...

Viruses not linked to asthma exacerbation severity

1. Identified viral pathogens were not associated with asthma exacerbation severity, but were linked to increased treatment failure. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Study Rundown: Viral...

Physicians should look for misuse patterns that lead to overdose before prescribing opioids

1. All opioid misuse patterns examined had a positive association with opioid overdose and death. 2. High number of prescribers and/or pharmacies was a key...

Long-acting buprenorphine depot injections may be efficacious in treatment of opioid use disorder

1. In this double-blind randomized controlled trial, weekly or monthly buprenorphine depot injections were non-inferior to daily sublingual buprenorphine/naloxone in maintaining no evidence of...

Decrease in medication use among US children and adolescents

1. While overall prescribing of medications decreased compared to the early 2000s, the use of ADHD medication, asthma medicine, and contraceptive use increased while...

Vasopressin plus catecholamines lowers risk of atrial fibrillation in distributive shock

1. In this meta-analysis, addition of vasopressin to catecholamine vasopressors was associated with a lower risk of atrial fibrillation when compared to catecholamine monotherapy. 2....

Screening insufficient for newborns exposed to hepatitis C virus

1. In this retrospective study, only a fraction of infants receiving well-child care at the study institution were screened for hepatitis C, despite being...

In-utero exposure to tenofovir-emtricitabine not associated with higher risk of adverse birth outcomes

1. Pairwise comparisons of tenofovir-emtricitabine and ritonavir-boosted lopinavir (TDF-FTC-LPV/r), zidovudine-lamivudine and ritonavir-boosted lopinavir (ZDV-3TC-LPV/r), and tenofovir-emtricitabine and ritonavir-boosted atazanavir (TDF-FTC-ATV/r) HIV regimens among pregnant...
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