Chronic Disease

Reports of high-impact chronic disease studies by medical professionals

The Evolut Low Risk Trial: Self-expanding TAVR noninferior to surgery in low-risk patients

1. Among patients with severe aortic stenosis at low-risk for surgery, transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) with a self-expanding valve was noninferior to surgical...

The PARTNER 3 Trial: TAVR with balloon-expandable valves has favorable post-surgical outcomes among low-risk...

1. This randomized control trial compared post-surgical outcomes between transcatheter aortic-valve replacement (TAVR) with balloon-expandable valves or surgical valve replacement in low- risk surgical...

Psychiatric emergency visits increasing among youth, especially racial minorities

1. An analysis of emergency department (ED) visits across the United States showed a 28% overall increase in psychiatric ED visits per 1000 youth...

Direct oral anticoagulants for atrial fibrillation in patients with mitral stenosis

1. In this retrospective observational study, direct oral anticoagulant use for atrial fibrillation in patients with mitral stenosis was linked with decreased mortality and...

Quick Take: Veverimer versus placebo in patients with metabolic acidosis associated with chronic kidney...

Chronic metabolic acidosis is often seen in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), and results from an inability to excrete metabolically produced acid. This,...

Quick Take: Association of Atopic Dermatitis With Sleep Quality in Children

Atopic dermatitis, a common disorder in the pediatric population, is associated with pruritus that is often worse at night and, thus, can interfere with...

Quick Take: Chlorhexidine Versus Routine Bathing to Prevent Multidrug-Resistant Organisms and All-Cause Bloodstream Infections...

Universal decontamination in the intensive care unit (ICU) has led to success in reducing bloodstream infections and infections with multi-drug resistant organisms. In this...

Tramadol may be associated with increased mortality among patients with osteoarthritis

1. In this retrospective cohort of patients with osteoarthritis, tramadol had a significantly higher risk of mortality over 1 year compared to NSAIDs, though...

Midlife diet unlikely to affect dementia risk

1. In this prospective cohort study, a healthier diet in midlife did not affect the risk of developing dementia compared to unhealthier diets.2. Patients...

Quick Take: Comparison of Laparoscopic 270 Degree Posterior Partial Fundoplication vs Total Fundoplication for...

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a common disorder associated with reflux of gastric contents through the gastroesophageal junction. There are a wide variety of...
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