Chronic Disease

Reports of high-impact chronic disease studies by medical professionals

Trends in antihypertensive medication use among individuals with a history of stroke and hypertension

1. In a large, national sample, approximately 37.1% of patients with stroke history had uncontrolled blood pressure. 2. Most patients on medication were taking angiotensin-converting...

Effectiveness of the ready to reduce risk (3r) complex intervention for the primary prevention...

1. The standardized Ready to Reduce Risk (3R) program resulted in improvements to lifestyle among those taking medication for prevention of cardiovascular disease. 2. 3R...

Delayed denosumab doses associated with increased the risk of vertebral fractures

1. Delayed subsequent denosumab doses were shown to increase the risk for vertebral fractures compared to on-time injection. 2. There was insufficient evidence to determine...

Effects of substituting Sugar-Sweetened beverages with Artificially Sweetened, and Unsweetened Beverages on BMI and...

1. Cardiometabolic risk factors are unchanged in a 12-month randomized controlled trial examining sugar-sweetened, artificially sweetened, and unsweetened beverages. 2. Sweet preference is decreased...

Dual therapy more beneficial than monotherapy in poorly controlled asthma

1. Fixed-dose combinations of mometasone furoate and indacaterol acetate showed greater improvements in lung function parameters compared to inhaled corticosteroid monotherapy in patients with...

A sibling-adoption design for the study of genetic and environmental influence on children’s body...

1. Heritability and shared environmental factors account for BMI variation in sibling pairs during middle childhood, whereas non-shared environmental factors account for variation in...

Vitamin D supplementation not associated with lower risk of tuberculosis in school-age children

1. After 3 years of weekly vitamin D supplementation, the proportion of children who tested positive on interferon-gamma release assays was similar to that...

Duodenal microbiota linked with environmental enteric dysfunction

1. The microbiota in the duodenum and the pathological characteristics of environmental enteric dysfunction (EED) that are associated with growth stunting were shown to...

Daily oral probiotic combination not effective at reducing antibiotic use for all-cause infection among...

1. A daily probiotic combination consisting of Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG and Bifidobacterium animalis subsp lactis BB-12 did not reduce the use of antibiotics for...

Industry-sponsored anti-smoking advertisements are ineffective in stimulating smoking cessation

1. Smokers reported increased intention to quit smoking after seeing anti-smoking advertisements through television, cigarette packages, newspapers, and tobacco company websites. 2. There was no...
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