Chronic Disease

Reports of high-impact chronic disease studies by medical professionals

Dolutegravir-containing antiretroviral regimens show effective viral suppression in pregnant women with HIV-1 infections

1. Dolutegravir-based antiretroviral therapy regimens effectively suppressed maternal viral load during pregnancy, supporting their use to prevent vertical transmission. 2. Dolutegravir, emtricitabine, and tenofovir alafenamide...

Southern and Northern Africa continue to be disproportionately affected during the second wave of...

1. Analysis of the two distinct waves of the COVID-19 pandemic in Africa showed a more severe second wave with less stringent public health...

Aprepitant regimen is linked to decreased chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting in women

1. Aprepitant in conjunction with palonosetron and dexamethasone is associated with increased antiemetic efficacy during FOLFOX or FOLFIRI chemotherapy in women Evidence Rating Level: 1...

Time-limited trials may decrease the length of stay of critically ill patients in the...

1. Time-limited trial interventions in patients with poor prognoses decreased length of stay in ICU, reduced minimally beneficial treatments, and increased communication between clinicians...

Clinicopathological heterogeneity in triple-negative breast cancers associated with variable prognosis and therapeutic outcomes

1. Heterogeneity in histological profile linked to improved overall survival, chemotherapy response, and clinical course despite triple-negative receptor status in three rare breast cancer...

Post-COVID syndrome associated with significant morbidity and mortality beyond respiratory illnesses

1. Hospital readmission and all-cause mortality rates are 3.5 and 7.7 times higher in COVID-19 patients after discharge, than the general population. 2. In addition...

Prematurity linked to increased risk of heart failure in adulthood

1. Across all age groups at the time of diagnosis, younger gestational ages were associated with an increased risk of developing heart failure later...

Spinal cord stimulation shows considerable improvement in pain and quality of life for patients...

1. 10-kHz spinal cord stimulation (SCS) was safe and effective in treating patients with painful diabetic neuropathy (PDN) refractory to medical management, leading to...

No association found between 9-valent Human Papillomavirus Vaccine During Pregnancy and adverse pregnancy outcomes

1. No significant increase in spontaneous abortion, preterm birth, major structural defects, or small for gestational age rates were found in women receiving 9vHPV...

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