Chronic Disease

Reports of high-impact chronic disease studies by medical professionals

Young drivers with ADHD linked with higher rates of crashes and violations

1. Adolescents with a diagnosis of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) experienced higher rates of crashes compared to adolescents without ADHD, including at-fault, single-vehicle, injury, and...

Quick Take: Association of Blood and Cerebrospinal Fluid Tau Level and Other Biomarkers With...

Human prion disease, also known as Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD), is a neurodegenerative disease caused by abnormally folded prion proteins. The progression of CJD is...

Quick Take: Efficacy of Adjunctive Infliximab vs Placebo in the Treatment of Adults With...

Depressive symptoms are an important part of bipolar disorder types I/II and contribute to significant morbidity and mortality. Establishing treatments for bipolar disorder has...

Use of aspirin for primary prevention linked to increased risk of intracranial hemorrhage

1. In this systematic review and meta-analysis, use of low-dose aspirin in patients without symptomatic cardiovascular disease was linked with an increased risk of...

Quick Take: Glucagon Receptor Antagonist–Stimulated α-Cell Proliferation Is Severely Restricted With Advanced Age

Glucagon-containing α-cells are important for regulating glucose homeostasis along with insulin-secreting β-cells. Glucagon receptor antagonists (GRAs) hold potential as antidiabetic therapies, but there is...

Quick Take: Association of Visual Impairment With Economic Development Among Chinese Schoolchildren

Children in many developing countries have poor vision. In China, poor vision accounts for nearly half of all childhood disability. China has been experiencing...

PET scans show high tau levels in former NFL players with potential chronic traumatic...

1. Former National Football League (NFL) players with cognitive and neurological symptoms showed higher tau amyloid levels as detected on positron emission tomography (PET)...

Sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitors may be linked to Fournier gangrene

1. In this descriptive case series, 55 cases of patients with diabetes who developed Fournier gangrene while using sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 (SGLT2) inhibitors are described.2....

Unrecognized obstructive sleep apnea increases risk of postoperative cardiovascular events

1. In this prospective cohort study, severe but not moderate, unrecognized obstructive sleep apnea was associated with increased postoperative cardiovascular events in patients undergoing...

Quick Take: Opioid agonist treatment dosage and patient-perceived dosage adequacy, and risk of hepatitis...

The opioid epidemic has been associated with rising hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection incidence in North America among those who inject drugs. While opioid...
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