Chronic Disease

Reports of high-impact chronic disease studies by medical professionals

Congenital heart surgery may affect long-term social outcomes

1. Patients who underwent congenital heart surgery (CHS) had lower rates of advanced educational levels and employment and higher rates of retirement when compared...

Carotid endarterectomy and medical therapy reveal similar effectiveness in asymptomatic carotid stenosis

1. In patients with asymptomatic carotid stenosis, there was no significant difference between the comparative effectiveness of initial medical therapy versus carotid endarterectomy. 2. The...

Early administration of thrombolytics in ischemic stroke associated with reduced all-cause mortality and readmissions

1. Patients who received tPA within 45 minutes of hospital arrival had a statistically significant reduction in all-cause mortality, all-cause readmission, and composite all-cause...

Despite increasing cost of insulin, out-of-pocket expenses stable from 2006-2017

1. Insulin costs steadily increased from 2006-2017. However, the out-of-pocket costs to privately insured patients remained consistent, in-part due to decreased cost-sharing. 2. Privately insured...

Low COVID-19 infection rate among health care workers in Wuhan, China.

1. Front line health care workers in Wuhan had a lower rate of COVID-19 infection when compared to non-front line health care workers. 2. The...

Long-term use of rituximab associated with lower rates of AAV relapse

1. In this randomized controlled trial involving patients with antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated vasculitis in complete remission, administration of rituximab for an additional 18 months...

Racial segregation linked with worse middle-age cognitive performance

1. High exposure to racial residential segregation among African Americans resulted in worse mid-life processing speed performance compared to those with medium and low...

Multiple sclerosis patient at higher risk for cerebrovascular and cardiovascular disease

1. Compared to healthy matched controls, individuals with multiple sclerosis demonstrated significantly increased risk of cerebrovascular disease, acute coronary syndrome, cardiovascular disease-related mortality, and...

Incidence of thyroid cancer in World Trade Center exposed firefighters

1. Fire Department World Trade Center-exposed workers demonstrate more asymptomatic thyroid cancers, attributable to occult lesion diagnoses, compared to non-WTC-exposed subjects of the Rochester...

Clinical report outlines health supervision recommendations for patients with achondroplasia

1. In this report, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) provides updated guidelines on diagnosis, genetic counseling, medical evaluation, and anticipatory guidance for pediatricians...
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