Chronic Disease

Reports of high-impact chronic disease studies by medical professionals

Postresection intravesical instillation of gemcitabine decreases non-muscle-invasive urothelial cancer recurrence

1. In this randomized controlled trial, time to recurrence was lower in patient with non-muscle-invasive urothelial cancer when treated with intravesical gemcitabine as compared...

Coaching to improve water intake does not improve kidney function in adults with chronic...

1. In this randomized controlled trial, coaching to improve daily fluid intake did not improve kidney function in patients with Chronic Kidney Disease. 2. Increasing...

Hospice care may not decrease Medicare costs in patients on maintenance dialysis

1. In this cross-sectional study, of those patients on maintenance hemodialysis that were referred to hospice care, 41.5% received care for only 3 days...

Palliative care consultation linked to reduced direct hospital costs

1. In this meta-analysis of available studies, early palliative care consultation (PCC) for patients admitted to hospital with serious illness was associated with a...

Computer analysis is not better than human clinical evaluation when it comes to measuring...

1. Similar associations were observed with clinical BI-RADS and automated BI-RADS with respect to interval and screen-detected cancer. 2. Both automated and clinical BI-RADS showed...

Improved research methods needed to determine effectiveness of anti-obesity public health initiatives

1. Researchers found that amongst nearly 300 studies reporting the impact of policies, programs, or changes in built environment on controlling and preventing obesity,...

Hospital readmissions occurring within 7 days post-discharge may be more preventable than later readmissions

1. The percentage of preventable early readmissions (within 7 days post-discharge) and late readmissions (between 8 and 30 days post-discharge) were 36.2% and 23.0%,...

Tenecteplase is superior to alteplase as neoadjuvant treatment for mechanical thrombectomy

1. When treated with tenecteplase, stroke patients eligible for mechanical thrombectomy had higher rates of reperfusion and superior clinical outcomes at 90 days relative...

In-utero exposure to tenofovir-emtricitabine not associated with higher risk of adverse birth outcomes

1. Pairwise comparisons of tenofovir-emtricitabine and ritonavir-boosted lopinavir (TDF-FTC-LPV/r), zidovudine-lamivudine and ritonavir-boosted lopinavir (ZDV-3TC-LPV/r), and tenofovir-emtricitabine and ritonavir-boosted atazanavir (TDF-FTC-ATV/r) HIV regimens among pregnant...

Sickle cell trait not linked to increased risk of ischemic stroke

1. In this meta-analysis of prospective population-based studies, sickle cell trait (SCT) was not associated with any difference in risk of first ischemic stroke. 2....
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