Chronic Disease

Reports of high-impact chronic disease studies by medical professionals

The effects of dietary and lifestyle interventions among pregnant women with overweight or obesity...

1. Among obese and overweight pregnant women, risk of early childhood obesity was not reduced by maternal dietary and lifestyle interventions during pregnancy. Evidence Rating...

Early initiation of rhythm-control for atrial fibrillation associated with lower risk of adverse cardiovascular...

1. Compared to patients only receiving rate-control treatment, those who received rhythm-control treatment within one year of diagnosis of atrial fibrillation had a lower...

Image-guided salvage radiotherapy improves outcomes in patients with prostate cancer

1. 3-year event-free survival rates were significantly greater in the 18F-fluciclovine-PET group compared to conventional imaging. 2. Adverse reactions and toxicity levels were similar between...

Long‐term cardiovascular outcomes after pregnancy in women with heart disease

1. Women with heart disease had were at greater risk of cardiovascular events postpregnancy, compared to women without heart disease. 2. Tools that assess cardiovascular...

Implantable loop recorder associated with increased detection of atrial fibrillation post-ischemic stroke compared with...

1. In patients with recent ischemic stroke and no diagnosed atrial fibrillation (AF), there were increased AF diagnoses in those who received an implantable...

Greater nurse staffing may improve patient outcomes and reduce costs

1. There were lower 30-day mortality rates two years after implementation of the nursing ratio policy compared to baseline. 2. The reduction in length of...

Chemoradiotherapy associated with effectiveness comparable to surgery when treating advanced oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma

1. Primary treatment with chemoradiotherapy when treating oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma had improved progression-free survival and distant metastasis-free survival compared to when treated with...

Comorbid cancer and systemic therapy may influence immune response to SARS-CoV-2 among patients and...

1. In this cross-sectional study of Japanese patients with cancer and health care workers, the seroprevalence of SARS-CoV-2 antibodies did not differ between the...

Reduced-dose glucocorticoid adjunct non-inferior to high-dose glucocorticoid plus rituximab regimen for induction of disease...

1. Reduced-dose glucocorticoid plus rituximab regimen was non-inferior compared to high-dose glucocorticoid plus rituximab regimen for induction of disease remission in ANCA-associated vasculitis  Evidence Rating...

Preterm birth linked to higher incidence of severe neurodevelopmental disabilities at age 5

1. Rates of severe and moderate neurodevelopmental disabilities increased as gestational age group decreased. 2. Approximately half of children born between 24-26 weeks’ gestation needed...

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