Chronic Disease

Reports of high-impact chronic disease studies by medical professionals

Addition of ticagrelor to aspirin significantly increased graft patency after elective CABG

1. In this randomized controlled trial, saphenous vein graft patency after elective CABG was significantly improved in patients treated with ticagrelor plus aspirin versus...

Sigmoidoscopy reduces colon cancer risk for men, but not women

1. Sigmoidoscopy was associated with a reduction in the prevalence of colon cancer mortality in men. 2. Sigmoidoscopy did not appear to have a significant...

Rustbelt states may have greatest racial disparities between black and white men for firearm...

1. Racial disparities for firearm homicides between black and white males are highest in Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Missouri, and Pennsylvania, with higher rates for...

2 Minute Medicine Rewind April 23, 2018

Effect of Uterosacral Ligament Suspension vs Sacrospinous Ligament Fixation With or Without Perioperative Behavioral Therapy for Pelvic Organ Vaginal Prolapse on Surgical Outcomes and...

Smartphone medication adherence application did not improve systolic blood pressure

1. In this randomized controlled trial, there was no significant difference in systolic blood pressure across participants that used the Medisafe app for blood...

SGLT-2 inhibitors and GLP-1 agonists associated with better mortality outcomes than DPP-4 inhibitors for...

1. SGLT-2 or GLP-1 agonists were associated with lower mortality than DPP-4 inhibitors, placebo, or no treatment. 2. Use of DPP-4 inhibitors was not associated...

Intensive LDL-C lowering reduces mortality in patients with higher baseline LDL-C

1. In this systematic review and meta-analysis, more intensive compared with less itensive LDL-C lowering was associated with a greater reduction in risk of...

Centrifugal-flow pumps improve complication free survival compared to axial flow-pumps: The MOMENTUM 3 trial

1. Advanced heart failure patients randomized to receive centrifugal-flow pumps demonstrated higher rates of 2-year survival free of disabling stroke or reoperation to remove...

Optimizing organ donations from overdose deaths may help address national organ shortage

1. U.S. transplants using organs from overdose-death donors (ODDs) has increased 24-fold from 2000 to 2016, and transplant outcomes from organs donated by ODDs...

Higher short-term mortality demonstrated for women compared with men after ST-elevation myocardial infarction

1. In a modern cohort of patients with readily available primary percutaneous coronary intervention, woman experienced greater mortality rates then men following ST-elevation myocardial...
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