Gastroenterology

Reports of high-impact gastroenterology studies by medical professionals

Diet and gastric bypass have similar metabolic benefits in diabetic patients

1. Diet alone had nearly identical benefits on insulin sensitivity compared to gastric bypass surgery. 2. The metabolic benefits from diet and gastric bypass surgery...

Robotic approach to paraesophageal hernia repair associated with positive patient outcomes

1. The use of robotic techniques to repair paraesophageal hernias resulted in low rates of recurrence and had positive patient outcomes at five years. Evidence...

Low serum albumin concentration predicts the need for surgical intervention in neonates with necrotising...

1. Among infants with necrotizing enterocolitis, serum albumin ≤ 20 g/L was associated with a significantly greater likelihood of requiring surgical intervention. Evidence Level Rating:...

Robot-assisted hernia repairs produce patient outcomes comparable to laparoscopic repairs

1. Robotic ventral hernia repairs yielded the same post-operative length of hospital stay, but worse abdominal wall quality of life scores as laparoscopic hernia...

Duodenal microbiota linked with environmental enteric dysfunction

1. The microbiota in the duodenum and the pathological characteristics of environmental enteric dysfunction (EED) that are associated with growth stunting were shown to...

Stromal Expression of hemopexin is associated with lymph-node metastasis in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma

1. Increased expression of the protein hemopexin in stroma of patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma may be associated with lymph node metastasis. Evidence Rating Level:...

Non-invasive clinical tool rules out inflammatory bowel disease in children with non-bloody diarrhea

1. In children with chronic, non-bloody diarrhea and abdominal pain, a clinical prediction tool using symptoms, C-reactive protein (CRP), hemoglobin, and fecal calprotectin accurately...

Characterization of gut contractility and microbiota in patients with severe chronic constipation

1. Hypersensitivity to cholinergic nerve stimulation were found in colons of patients with chronic constipation, while their gut microbiota was found to resemble a...

Daily oral probiotic combination not effective at reducing antibiotic use for all-cause infection among...

1. A daily probiotic combination consisting of Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG and Bifidobacterium animalis subsp lactis BB-12 did not reduce the use of antibiotics for...

Intestinal virome signature associated with severity of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease

1. The gut virome among patients with severe NAFLD was found to be different than those with milder NAFLD. #2. Adding viral diversity to...
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