Public Health

Reports of high-impact public health and policy studies by medical professionals

Quick Take: Duration of antibiotic treatment for common infections in English primary care: cross...

Antibiotic resistance is a growing challenge across the globe. As such, there have been increasing efforts towards reducing unnecessary or inappropriate antibiotic prescribing of...

Quick Take: Association of Digital Breast Tomosynthesis vs Digital Mammography With Cancer Detection and...

The use of digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) has been associated with increases in specificity and breast cancer detection compared with digital mammography (DM) alone....

The MooDFOOD Trial: Diet and food-related behavioral activation therapy not effective in preventing major...

1. In this randomized controlled trial, overweight or obese adults with subsyndromal depressive symptoms were just as likely to develop major depressive disorder (MDD)...

The RAINBOW Trial: Integrated treatment for depression and obesity likely to have modest benefit

1. In this randomized controlled trial, integrated behavioral weight loss treatment, problem-solving therapy, and as needed antidepressant treatment led to a modest reduction in...

Study does not support use of low-dose aspirin after prostate cancer diagnosis

1. This study evaluated the effects of post-diagnosis low-dose aspirin on prostate cancer-specific mortality and found no overall benefit.2. The study did find a...

Hypertension in adolescence associated with end-stage renal disease

1. In this retrospective cohort study from Israel, hypertension at the age of 16-19 years old was linked with later-life end stage renal disease...

Danish study finds no association between MMR vaccine and autism, even within high-risk subgroups

1. In a large Danish cohort study, the measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine was not significantly associated with autism.2. There was still no increased risk of...

Predictive model may help estimate bleeding risk with aspirin use

1. A model was constructed to predict bleeding risk in patients taking aspirin to prevent cardiovascular disease.2. The predicted data closely match the observed...

Risk Evaluation and Mitigation Strategy (REMS) program shows high rates of inappropriate transmucosal immediate-release...

1. After 5 years of monitoring, the Risk Evaluation and Mitigation Strategy (REMS) program found that up to half of opioid non-tolerant patients were...

Parental nonmedical prescription opioid use linked to adolescent use

1. Nonmedical prescription opioids (NMPO) use in parents is an independent risk factor for use in their adolescent children, even after controlling for other...
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