Public Health

Reports of high-impact public health and policy studies by medical professionals

Sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitors may be linked to Fournier gangrene

1. In this descriptive case series, 55 cases of patients with diabetes who developed Fournier gangrene while using sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 (SGLT2) inhibitors are described.2....

Quick Take: Risk of HIV transmission through condomless sex in serodifferent gay couples with...

Early evidence has suggested a strong association between HIV viral load and the risk of transmission to an HIV-negative partner, as well as a...

Quick Take: Gentamicin compared with ceftriaxone for the treatment of gonorrhoea (G-ToG)

Gonorrhea is a common sexually transmitted infection associated with local inflammation causing genital pain, pelvic inflammatory disease, increased HIV acquisition risk, and other related...

Unrecognized obstructive sleep apnea increases risk of postoperative cardiovascular events

1. In this prospective cohort study, severe but not moderate, unrecognized obstructive sleep apnea was associated with increased postoperative cardiovascular events in patients undergoing...

The EXTEND trial: neurological deficits decreased with thrombolysis up to 9 hours after stroke...

1. Patients presenting between 4.5 and 9 hours after stroke onset with viable brain tissue who received thrombolytic therapy had better neurological outcomes compared...

Campaign for restrictive marriage laws associated with increased homophobic bullying

1. In this retrospective cohort study, researchers discovered an increase in homophobic bullying prior to passage of Proposition 8 - a law in California...

Quick Take: Opioid agonist treatment dosage and patient-perceived dosage adequacy, and risk of hepatitis...

The opioid epidemic has been associated with rising hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection incidence in North America among those who inject drugs. While opioid...

Quick Take: Association of socioeconomic status and brain injury with neurodevelopmental outcomes of very...

Preterm birth remains a leading cause of lifelong neurodevelopmental disability. While the effect of brain injury on neurodevelopmental disability has been studied extensively, far...

The PRISM trial: Progesterone therapy does not alter birth outcomes in women with early...

1. Women with early pregnancy bleeding administered progesterone experienced similar rates of live births occurring after 34 weeks’ gestation as women treated with placebo.2....

Life satisfaction scores similar for healthy and chronically ill children  

Children with chronic illness had lower parentally reported general health scores compared to healthy children; however, life satisfaction scores were similar between...
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