Public Health

Reports of high-impact public health and policy studies by medical professionals

Greater prenatal alcohol exposure trajectories linked to impaired growth and neurodevelopment

1. Five trajectories of prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) were described and compared; greater PAE was associated with reduced birth weight and length, as well...

Revisional surgeries common after bariatric surgery

1. Over one quarter of patients required revision surgery (including conversion to another procedure, corrective surgery, and reversal surgery) after initial bariatric surgery in...

Relatives of patients with depression demonstrate impaired cognitive function

1. In this systematic review and meta-analysis, there were significantly lower cognitive functioning scores for those who were first-degree relatives of patients with a...

Quick Take: Small for gestational age and risk of childhood mortality: A Swedish population...

Small for gestational age (SGA) fetuses have been shown to have a higher risk of stillbirth and neonatal mortality, but few studies have examined...

Genetic variants of increased waist-to-hip ratios associated with diabetes and coronary disease

1. A polygenic risk score for increased waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) was developed from over 200 risk loci. 2. Polygenic risk scores for higher WHR were...

Hospital Readmissions Reduction Program associated with increased 30-day post-discharge mortality for heart failure and...

1. In this retrospective cohort study, implementation of the Hospital Readmissions Reduction Program (HRRP) was unexpectedly associated with an increase in 30-day post-discharge mortality...

Quick Take: Sex and Race Differences in the Association of Incident Ischemic Stroke with...

There are large differences in the incidence of stroke among various ethnic groups, as well as between sexes. These differences also vary significantly with...

Quick Take: Christmas, National Holidays, Sport Events, and Time Factors as Triggers of Acute...

Ischemic heart disease, the most common cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide, has many modifiable and non-modifiable risk factors, including several external factors. This...

Negative colonoscopy screening linked to reduced risk of colorectal cancer and colorectal cancer-related death

1. Among average-risk adults, negative findings of a screening colonoscopy was linked to reduced risk of colorectal cancer and colorectal cancer related-deaths compared to...

Opioids unlikely to provide clinically meaningful reduction in chronic non-cancer pain

1. In this systematic review and meta-analysis of patients with chronic non-cancer pain, though opioids showed small improvements in pain, physical functioning, and sleep...

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