Public Health

Reports of high-impact public health and policy studies by medical professionals

Comprehensive home geriatric assessment provides similar outcomes as hospital admission

1. Comprehensive geriatric assessment at home was shown to have no difference in the proportion of participants living at home compared to bed-based hospital...

Single dose mass vaccination against COVID-19 is linked with reductions in hospital admissions

1. The initial doses of the Pfizer and AstraZeneca vaccines were 91% and 88% efficacious in reducing COVID-19 hospitalizations one month after vaccination. 2. Combined...

Contingency management programs linked to decreased cocaine use among adults

1. Contingency management programs were strongly associated with a decreased likelihood of a positive test for the presence of cocaine in active users. Evidence Rating...

Preterm formula powder is not inferior to human milk fortifier as breast milk fortifier

1. When used to fortify human breast milk for preterm neonates, no significant weight gain differences were seen from using either Preterm Formula Powder...

Weekly and monthly subcutaneous buprenorphine associated with improved treatment satisfaction versus daily sublingual administration...

1. Participants receiving weekly and monthly subcutaneous buprenorphine depot formulations reported improved treatment satisfaction compared with those receiving sublingual buprenorphine in opioid dependence. 2. These...

Vulnerability of Never-Smoking Youth to Cigarette Smoking and Tobacco Industry Marketing

1. In a large and diverse cohort study, multiple susceptibility factors accurately predicted smoking outcomes 4 years later.  2. Exposure to tobacco marketing and electronic...

Infectivity of SARS-CoV-2 in children compared with adults

1. Children are most likely not the dominant drivers of COVID-19 transmissions, as their COVID test specimens were not as likely to grow in...

Substance use among hospitalized adolescents infrequently documented in electronic health record

1. In a cross-sectional study of hospitalized adolescents, approximately one third reported ever using alcohol, marijuana, electronic cigarettes, or a combination of ≥2 substances. 2....

Convalescent plasma transfusion provides mortality benefit in early COVID-19 disease stage

1. Transfusion of high-titer convalescent antibody plasma was associated with a lower risk of death from coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), compared to low-titered transfusions. 2....

Childhood fat mass more strongly associated with adult-onset type 2 diabetes risk than childhood...

1. An increase in childhood fat mass was more strongly associated with the risk of adult onset type 2 diabetes than childhood weight, independent...

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