Public Health

Reports of high-impact public health and policy studies by medical professionals

New herpes zoster vaccine predicted to be more cost effective than predecessor  

1. In a computational model, the new “recombinant zoster vaccine” (RZV) was predicted to be most cost-effective than the previous gold standard, the zoster...

Chinese population study shows high prevalence of elevated cardiovascular disease risk and low utilization...

1. In this national screening project, around 10% of middle-aged Chinese subjects were found to be at “high risk” for cardiovascular disease.2. Aspirin and...

The CLEAR trial: decolonization routine associated with lower infection risk among MRSA carrier patients

1. Hospitalized patients with known MRSA colonization randomized to undergo a decolonization routine were found to have lower risks of MRSA infections one year...

2-Question Screen Identifies Adolescents at Risk for Future Alcohol Use Disorders

1. The National Institute of Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) 2-question screen showed high predictive validity in identifying adolescents at risk for developing alcohol...

Low physical fitness and obesity during teen years linked to disability later in life

1. This prospective cohort study found that both low physical fitness and obesity during adolescence is associated with increased risk for disability later in...

Quick Take: US National and State-Level Prevalence of Mental Health Disorders and Disparities of...

The impact of a child’s mental health on individual and socioeconomic factors, and ultimately, transition to adulthood, is becoming increasingly more recognized. As such,...

Ultraprocessed food consumption linked with higher mortality

1. In this large prospective cohort study done in France, higher consumption of ultraprocessed food was linked with higher mortality.2. Ultraprocessed food consumption was...

Quick Take: The effect of a programme to improve men’s sedentary time and physical...

The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends that individuals participate in at least 150 minutes per week of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity, as part of the...

Quick Take: Assessment of application-driven postoperative care in the pediatric tonsillectomy population: a survey-based...

Parents typically receive written postoperative instructions for children that have recently undergone pediatric tonsillectomy. While the usefulness of disseminating postoperative information via paper instructions...

Paracetamol plus ibuprofen significantly reduces post-operative morphine use in total hip arthroplasty patients

1. In this randomized controlled trial, ibuprofen plus paracetamol significantly reduced morphine consumption in post-operative patients who underwent a total hip arthroplasty compared with...
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