Tag: adolescent health

1. High rates of externalizing mental health problems among adolescents were strongly associated with initiation of e-cigarette use, combustible cigarette use, and dual use at one year-follow up. 2. Internalizing problems were associated with initiation of e-cigarette use, but not with combustible cigarette use or dual use. Evidence Rating Level: 1...
1. In this serial, cross-sectional analysis, US youths had improved triglycerides, LDL, HDL, and total cholesterol from 1999 to 2016. 2. While half of all US youths had ideal lipid levels, nearly a quarter had at least one unfavorable lipid measure. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Study Rundown: Optimal lipid levels help...
1. Adolescents with a diagnosis of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) experienced higher rates of crashes compared to adolescents without ADHD, including at-fault, single-vehicle, injury, and alcohol-related crashes. 2. Rates of traffic and moving violations were also higher among adolescents with ADHD, and differences in crash and violation rates were more pronounced...
1. Exclusive breastfeeding in the first 3 months of life, as opposed to mixed breast and bottle feeding and exclusive bottle feeding, was associated with lower low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol and lower total cholesterol in adolescence. 2. There was no association between exclusive breastfeeding and body mass index (BMI) or...
1. In a nationally representative survey of American adolescents, there was a fivefold increase in prevalence of lifetime abstinence from substance use among high school seniors. 2. Prevalence of lifetime abstinence from cigarettes and alcohol increased most drastically, whereas rates of marijuana and other substance use have remained more steady. Evidence...
1. In this study of the patterns of physical activity in adolescents and young adults, young age, white race, and higher income were all associated with greater physical activity. 2. Among those who were active, black males aged 18-24 years reported the longest period of physical activity per day, while...
1. In this longitudinal retrospective cohort study, there were multiple treatment trajectories identified among youth with depression. 2. Psychotherapy monotherapy was associated with the lowest incidence of hospitalization for depression and attempted suicide rates whereas patients on dual antidepressant and psychotherapy had the highest incidence of hospitalization and attempted suicide. Evidence...
1. Adolescents who initiated nonmedical use of prescription opioids more commonly had previous medical use of prescriptions opioids rather than no exposure. 2. Correlation between medical and nonmedical use of prescription opioids was stronger in males compared to females. Evidence Rating: 2 (Good) Study Rundown: The abuse and diversion of opioid...
1. A greater proportion of teenage girls initiated the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine series in states where the tetanus, diphtheria, and pertussis (Tdap) booster and/or the meningococcal vaccine were required for school entry. 2. State laws requiring HPV vaccination but allowing for exemptions for any reason have not been effective...
1. Linking suicide prevention programs to external data systems may enable longer-term assessment of suicide outcomes from such programs.   2. The lack of data dictionaries and adherence to standard data serve as current limitations to this strategy. Evidence Rating Level: 1 (Excellent) Study Rundown: Suicide rates have increased by 24% from...