Tag: adolescent medicine

1. This quantitative study of high school seniors between 1976-2000 found that nearly 1 in 3 high school seniors who misused prescription opioids as high school seniors later used heroin by age 35. 2. The study also found that increased opioid prescriptions in the 1990s and 2000s may have led...
1. Transgender adolescents were more likely to report experiencing psychological, physical and sexual abuse as compared to cisgender adolescents. 2. Transgender males and nonbinary adolescents assigned female at birth experienced higher rates of psychological abuse as compared to cisgender adolescents. Evidence Rating Level: 3 (Average) Study Rundown: Transgender adolescents, or adolescents whose...
1. In a cross-sectional study of U.S. high school students, those who used electronic vapor products were more likely than non-users to have engaged in sexual risk behaviors. 2. Findings were similar amongst those who used electronic vapor products occasionally, frequently, and daily. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Study Rundown: Although previous...
1. In a survey of 3168 high school students, 9.2% indicated incongruence between gender identity and sex assigned at birth, which is 5 times higher than current national estimates. 2. Gender identity among gender-diverse youth was equally split between masculine, feminine, and nonbinary identities. Evidence Rating Level: 3 (Average) Study Rundown: Gender-diverse...
1. In a large and diverse cohort study, multiple susceptibility factors accurately predicted smoking outcomes 4 years later.  2. Exposure to tobacco marketing and electronic cigarette use were also strongly associated with smoking outcomes. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Study Rundown: Previous research has shown that the majority of adult smokers experimented...
1. In a cross-sectional study of hospitalized adolescents, approximately one third reported ever using alcohol, marijuana, electronic cigarettes, or a combination of ≥2 substances. 2. Less than half of self-reported adolescent substance use was documented in the electronic health record (EHR). Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Study Rundown: Substance use among adolescents...
1. In this scoping review, adolescents were only assessed with a comprehensive screening for risk taking behaviors approximately 10% of the time across emergency departments, hospital settings and urgent cares. 2. Adolescents, clinicians, and parents were receptive to risk behavior screening and interventions, with some barriers noted, including time constraints,...
1. Adolescent obesity was significantly associated with cancer incidence in young and mid adulthood, and could be an important intervention target for early cancer prevention Evidence Rating: 2 (Good) Despite obesity being an established causal factor for at least 12 types of cancer, the relationship between youth obesity and cancers have...
1. Of 25 psychosocial intervention components studied in adolescents, only interpersonal skills, emotional regulation, and alcohol and drug education predicted positive effects across multiple outcomes in mental health, prevention of mental disorders, and reduction of risk behaviors. 2. Mindfulness, problem solving, assertiveness training, and stress management predicted positive effects in...
The recreational use of marijuana has been legalized in 10 states and the District of Columbia. However, there are concerns surrounding the use of medicinal and/or recreational use of marijuana among youth, as it has been established that repeated use in adolescence may result in long-term changes in cognitive...