Tag: adolescent medicine

1. Adolescent obesity was significantly associated with cancer incidence in young and mid adulthood, and could be an important intervention target for early cancer prevention Evidence Rating: 2 (Good) Despite obesity being an established causal factor for at least 12 types of cancer, the relationship between youth obesity and cancers have...
1. Of 25 psychosocial intervention components studied in adolescents, only interpersonal skills, emotional regulation, and alcohol and drug education predicted positive effects across multiple outcomes in mental health, prevention of mental disorders, and reduction of risk behaviors. 2. Mindfulness, problem solving, assertiveness training, and stress management predicted positive effects in...
The recreational use of marijuana has been legalized in 10 states and the District of Columbia. However, there are concerns surrounding the use of medicinal and/or recreational use of marijuana among youth, as it has been established that repeated use in adolescence may result in long-term changes in cognitive...
It is not uncommon for adolescents to inappropriately access prescription opioids from friends or family members. Recently, concerns surrounding the use of opioids that are not medically indicated, and an increased risk of initiating heroin use, have surfaced. In this prospective cohort study, 3298 high school students from Los...
1. Of 25 psychosocial intervention components studied in adolescents, only interpersonal skills, emotional regulation, and alcohol and drug education predicted positive effects across multiple outcomes in mental health, prevention of mental disorders, and reduction of risk behaviors. 2. Mindfulness, problem solving, assertiveness training, and stress management predicted positive effects in...
1. Higher self-reported school and family connectedness in adolescence was associated with lower emotional distress and lower odds of risk behaviors and experiences in adulthood. 2. Adult risk for suicidal ideation, sexually transmitted infection (STI) diagnosis, prescription drug misuse, and intimate partner physical violence were all lower among individuals with...
1. In this prospective cohort study, adolescents with type 1 diabetes (T1D) were noted to be more likely to have persistently elevated distress levels if they were female, had elevated initial hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) levels, reported the low self-care behaviors, higher levels of depression and anxiety, and increased disease-related...
1. In this nationwide survey, the majority of transgender or nonbinary youths were significantly more likely to experience sexual assault when subjected to restrictive restroom or locker room use, meaning they were prohibited from using a restroom or locker room which matched their gender identity. 2. Of the various gender...
1. In this prospective cohort study, adolescents with type 1 diabetes (T1D) were noted to be more likely to have persistently elevated distress levels if they were female, had elevated initial hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) levels, reported the low self-care behaviors, higher levels of depression and anxiety, and increased disease-related...
Approximately 43 million adults in the US are affected by intimate partner violence (IPV). Data from the 2017 national Youth Risk Behavior Survey indicated that among high school students who dated, 6.9% experienced sexual violence, and 8.0% experienced physical violence by someone they were dating or going out with...