Tag: adolescent medicine

1. Sexual minority youth (i.e., sexual attraction to the same sex, both sexes, or questioning) reported suicidal ideation, plans, and attempts at an earlier age compared to heterosexual youth. 2. Sexual minority youth progressed from suicidal ideation to suicidal plan more quickly than heterosexual youth. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Study...
1. Based on a prescription-dispensing database including a large majority of US pharmacies, 3.5% of children and young adults aged 0 to 21 years were prescribed opioids in 2019. 2. 45.6% of these opioid prescriptions met at least one criterion for high-risk prescription such as long duration of supply, high...
1. Across 3 international registries, 5 similar patterns of hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) were identified: low stable, intermediate stable, high stable, target increase, and high increase. 2. Older adolescents at time of diagnosis and minorities were more likely to experience poor glycemic control. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Study Rundown: The importance of good...
1. This quantitative study of high school seniors between 1976-2000 found that nearly 1 in 3 high school seniors who misused prescription opioids as high school seniors later used heroin by age 35. 2. The study also found that increased opioid prescriptions in the 1990s and 2000s may have led...
1. Transgender adolescents were more likely to report experiencing psychological, physical and sexual abuse as compared to cisgender adolescents. 2. Transgender males and nonbinary adolescents assigned female at birth experienced higher rates of psychological abuse as compared to cisgender adolescents. Evidence Rating Level: 3 (Average) Study Rundown: Transgender adolescents, or adolescents whose...
1. In a cross-sectional study of U.S. high school students, those who used electronic vapor products were more likely than non-users to have engaged in sexual risk behaviors. 2. Findings were similar amongst those who used electronic vapor products occasionally, frequently, and daily. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Study Rundown: Although previous...
1. In a survey of 3168 high school students, 9.2% indicated incongruence between gender identity and sex assigned at birth, which is 5 times higher than current national estimates. 2. Gender identity among gender-diverse youth was equally split between masculine, feminine, and nonbinary identities. Evidence Rating Level: 3 (Average) Study Rundown: Gender-diverse...
1. In a large and diverse cohort study, multiple susceptibility factors accurately predicted smoking outcomes 4 years later.  2. Exposure to tobacco marketing and electronic cigarette use were also strongly associated with smoking outcomes. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Study Rundown: Previous research has shown that the majority of adult smokers experimented...
1. In a cross-sectional study of hospitalized adolescents, approximately one third reported ever using alcohol, marijuana, electronic cigarettes, or a combination of ≥2 substances. 2. Less than half of self-reported adolescent substance use was documented in the electronic health record (EHR). Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Study Rundown: Substance use among adolescents...
1. In this scoping review, adolescents were only assessed with a comprehensive screening for risk taking behaviors approximately 10% of the time across emergency departments, hospital settings and urgent cares. 2. Adolescents, clinicians, and parents were receptive to risk behavior screening and interventions, with some barriers noted, including time constraints,...