Tag: adolescent medicine

1. The Mental Health Parity and Addiction Equity Act (MHPAEA) was associated with lower average out-of-pocket (OOP) spending on mental health for children in affected insurance plans without an associated decrease in mental health service utilization. 2. The effect on average OOP spending was larger for high-spending children, but the...
1. In a nationally representative survey of American adolescents, there was a fivefold increase in prevalence of lifetime abstinence from substance use among high school seniors. 2. Prevalence of lifetime abstinence from cigarettes and alcohol increased most drastically, whereas rates of marijuana and other substance use have remained more steady. Evidence...
1. Children born to adolescent mothers in the care of child protection services (CPS) were more likely to be taken into CPS care themselves when compared to other children in the first 2 years of life. 2. Most children born to adolescent mothers in CPS care were themselves placed in...
1. Adolescents with no baseline sexual activity who underwent an emotional regulation (ER) sexual health intervention were less likely to report first-time vaginal or anal sex over a follow-up period of 30 months compared to adolescents who underwent a traditional health promotion (HP) sexual health intervention without emotional regulation...
1. Nearly twice the number of youths who identify as transgender or gender nonconforming (TGNC) stated their health to be fair, poor, or good as opposed to very good or excellent when compared with youths who identified as cisgender. 2. Greater than half of the youths who identified as TGNC...
1. A 3-dose regimen of 4-valent human papillomavirus (4vHPV) vaccine administered between the ages of 9-15 years of age was shown to be immunogenic, clinically effective, and without significant adverse effects throughout a 10-year follow-up period.  2. Immunogenic response was most robust when the vaccine was administered during the preadolescent period when...
1. Nonmedical use of prescription drugs (NMUPD) was positively associated with increased sexual violence as well as a combination of sexual and physical violence in male adolescents. 2. In female adolescents, NMUPD was associated with only physical violence and with combined sexual and physical violence. Evidence Rating Level: 4 (Below Average) Study...
1. Adolescents with any justice system involvement in the past year were more likely to have also been to the emergency department (ED) or been hospitalized during that time period. 2. Adolescents involved with the justice system who reported fair or poor health, asthma, an illicit drug use problem, or...
1. Advanced pubertal development in girls was associated with an increased number of adolescent dating abuse (ADA) victimization if the girls’ friendship group consisted of a greater percentage of boys. 2. Higher levels of ADA were also associated with more relationships, being older, living in a family with lower household...
1. Among obese adolescents, hypertension was most prevalent in white individuals and least prevalent among African American children. 2. Hispanic and African American adolescents had the highest rates of hypertension regardless of body mass index (BMI). Study Rundown: Currently one third of the pediatric population in the United States is overweight...