Tag: mental health

1. Adolescent females using oral contraceptives may be at an increased risk of concurrent depressive symptoms. Evidence Rating Level: 1 (Excellent) Previous studies have indicated that oral contraceptive use may be associated with an increased risk of future depressive symptoms. However, the risk of concurrent depressive symptoms has not been well...
1. In a cross-sectional study using national survey data of high schoolers from 2009 to 2017, there was a significant decline in suicide attempts among students with sexual minority identities, though the rate of suicide attempts remained elevated relative to heterosexual students. 2. The proportion of adolescents who identified as...
1. A cross-sectional analysis of American Medical Association physician data between 2007 and 2016 indicated overall growth in the number of child psychiatrists per 100 000 children, but significantly lower numbers in counties with lower income and education levels. 2. Several states showed a decline in the number of child...
1. Parental income mobility may be inversely associated with the risk of developing schizophrenia later in life Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) There are clear associations between a number of mental health conditions and socioeconomic status. The link between parental socioeconomic position (SEP) and schizophrenia risk amongst offspring, however, has...
Childhood-onset inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) typically has a more severe course than adult-onset IBD, and has been found to be associated with psychiatric morbidity in previous studies. However, these studies have failed to account for familial confounding. In this population-based cohort study, 6,464 patients with childhood-onset IBD were compared...
Evaluation of the Central Vein Sign as a Diagnostic Imaging Biomarker in Multiple Sclerosis Diagnosing multiple sclerosis (MS) is challenging, in part because imaging findings in MS partially overlap with MS mimics such as vascular disease, migraine, and neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD). The central vein sign has been shown...
1. Of 25 psychosocial intervention components studied in adolescents, only interpersonal skills, emotional regulation, and alcohol and drug education predicted positive effects across multiple outcomes in mental health, prevention of mental disorders, and reduction of risk behaviors. 2. Mindfulness, problem solving, assertiveness training, and stress management predicted positive effects in...
1. In this cross-sectional study, adult patients with cerebral palsy (CP) had a higher prevalence of mental health disorders compared to adults without CP. 2. Some mental health disorders within the adult CP population may be more pronounced in patients with comorbid neurodevelopmental disorders. Evidence Rating Level: 3 (Average) Study Rundown: Cerebral...
1. In this randomized control trial, researchers discovered that social robots were associated with improved affect in pediatric hospitalized patients as compared to plush toys. 2. The social robot intervention was associated with increased level of joyfulness and decreased levels of sadness as compared to a tablet-based avatar of a...
1. In this cross-sectional study, researchers discovered that as children’s adverse childhood events (ACEs) scores went up, their school performance and attitude declined; conversely, as the number of protective factors (PFs) increased, these negative outcomes were reduced. 2. The strongest PF associated with reduced negative outcomes was parents who talked...