Tag: suicide

Image: PD 1. The number of reports concerning the first suicide in a cluster was found to be significantly higher than the number of reports following an isolated suicide.  2. The reports concerning the first suicide in a cluster are more detailed and prominently placed (i.e. front page).   Evidence Rating Level: 3...
Image: PD 1. Suicide can be described by a stress-diathesis model which suggests that the act of suicide is brought about by environmentally based stressors coupled with an underlying tendency toward suicidal behavior.  2. Genomic, neuroimaging, and post-mortem studies implicate altered function of the serotonin neurotransmitter and hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis systems.  3. Biologic...
Image: PD 1. Childhood sexual abuse is associated with an increased risk of suicide attempts. 2. The magnitude of the association between suicide attempt and childhood sexual abuse is heterogenous, and the temporality of the association is difficult to establish.  Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good)     Study Rundown: Self-inflicted harm is common...
Image: PD  1. Peer victimization in children and adolescents was associated with higher rates of both, suicidal ideation and suicide attempts.  2. Cyberbullying was more strongly related to suicidal ideation in comparison with traditional bullying.  Evidence Rating Level: 1 (Excellent)  Study Rundown: About 20% of adolescents in the US contemplate suicide, and between...
Image: PD  1. From a systematic review of the literature, there is a significantly increased risk of both suicide and homicide among individuals in households with accessible firearms.  Evidence Rating Level: 1 (Excellent)  Study Rundown: The majority of both successful suicides and homicides in the United States are firearm-related, with an estimated...
Image: PD  1. Manic-depressive disorder, depression, and alcohol-related problems are associated with increased risk of suicide in all branches of the military.  2. Contrary to previous assumptions, length and number of deployments are not shown to be directly associated with suicide in the military.  Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good)  Study Rundown: Beginning in...
Image: PD 1. Veterans with back pain, psychogenic pain, or migraine were more likely to commit suicide than veterans without those conditions.  2. Compared to a single pain condition, having multiple pain conditions did not increase risk of suicide.  Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good)  Study Rundown: This study found that veterans suffering from...
 Image: PD 1. Service members who had multiple traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) were at greater suicide risk than those who had zero or one TBI. 2.  Among service members with multiple TBIs, there was a positive relationship between depression severity and suicide risk. Evidence Rating Level: 3 (Fair) Study Rundown: This study found...
Image: PD 1. There is an association between having childhood ADHD and having additional psychiatric disorders later in life (P <0.01).   2. There is an association between childhood ADHD and suicide (P = 0.032).   This prospective study of long-term adult outcomes of childhood ADHD found that childhood ADHD might affect the risk...