Public Health

Reports of high-impact public health and policy studies by medical professionals

“Weekend Warrior” physical activity patterns linked to lower mortality

1. In this analysis of questionnaire data from surveillance studies in England and Scotland, the pattern of physical activity consisting of one to two...

Breast cancer screening associated with substantial overdiagnosis in Danish study

1. In this retrospective cohort, breast cancer screening was not associated with a reduction in advanced tumors. 2. Breast cancer screening was associated with higher...

Pay-for-performance programs may be linked to process-of-care improvements in ambulatory settings

1. In ambulatory settings, pay-for-performance (P4P) programs may be correlated with improvements in processes of care. 2. Neither hospital nor ambulatory settings have shown uniform...

Bundled payment system for joint replacement may reduce costs

1. In this cross-sectional study conducted at a large health care system in San Antonio, TX, bundled payments for joint replacement procedures were associated...

22% of U.S. gun owners report purchasing a firearm without a background check

1. A national survey found that 22% of U.S. gun owners reported purchasing a firearm in the last two years without a background check,...


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Diabetes and ischemic heart disease account for highest personal health care spending in U.S.

1. Among 155 conditions, diabetes accounted for the highest health care spending in the U.S. in 2013, followed by ischemic heart disease, and low back...

Effect of a primary care-based psychological intervention on common mental disorders in Zimbabwe

1. This randomized control trial found that a culturally adapted psychological intervention for common mental disorders in Zimbabwe significantly improved symptoms at 6 months...

Intensive outpatient care teams did not reduce acute care use

1. Based on this randomized clinical trial, there was no significant difference between the intensive outpatient patient-centered medical home care program (ImPACT) and the...

Increased mortality in mothers after the birth of an infant with major congenital anomalies

1. There is small increased risk of mortality in mothers who have given birth to an infant with a major congenital anomaly. 2. Increased maternal...

No association found between length of storage for transfused red blood cells and patient...

1. No significant differences in mortality were observed when comparing patients that received fresh versus stored blood. 2. Findings indicate that the current practice of...
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