Public Health

Reports of high-impact public health and policy studies by medical professionals

The Internet may be an effective tool for treating chronic knee pain

1. Significantly greater pain improvement was observed in patients in the intervention group compared to the control. 2. Patients in the pain-control intervention group demonstrated...

Maintenance program associated with reduced weight regain after weight loss

1. After 56 weeks of a weight maintenance intervention program, researchers found that mean weight regain in the intervention group (0.75 kg) was lower...

AAP supports public health interventions for opioid-dependent pregnant women

1. Opioid use in pregnancy has increased dramatically in the past decade, leading to increased rates of neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS). The American Academy...

Clinical decision tool may discriminate need for ICU in children with traumatic brain injury...

1. Based on this secondary analysis of a prospective cohort study, certain clinical features, including lower GCS score, and head CT findings, including midline...

Polygenic index of waist-hip ratio associated with cardiovascular disease

1. Investigating a polygenic index of 48 single nucleotide polymorphisms for Waist-Hip Ratio adjusted for BMI, this study showed an association with increased biomarkers...

Intensive blood pressure control not linked with mobility/gait speed in elderly adults

1. In this secondary subgroup analysis of the Systolic Blood Pressure Intervention Trial (SPRINT), intensive blood pressure control (SBP<120mmHg) in adults over the age...

New probiotic treatment for obesity and diabetes [PreClinical]

1. Administering various formulations of the Akkermansia (A.) muciniphila bacterium to mice resulted in improved metabolism and decreased weight gain. 2. A. muciniphila decreased body...

Similar clinical outcomes in mild/moderate Clostridium difficile infection with metronidazole versus vancomycin

1. In this retrospective cohort study, clinical outcomes and recurrence rates of mild to moderate Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) were similar among patients initially...

Long-term users of e-cigarettes have decreased carcinogen and toxin levels compared to users of...

1. Former smokers who used only e-cigarettes or only nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) for ≥6 months (long-term) were found to have generally similar levels...

Lessons from real-world implementation of lung cancer screening

1. In this clinical demonstration project of implementing lung cancer screening for smokers in selected Veterans Health Administration hospitals, there were challenges in project...
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