Public Health

Reports of high-impact public health and policy studies by medical professionals

Recurrent Clostridium difficile infection associated with gastric acid suppression

1. In this systematic review and meta-analysis of observational data, gastric acid suppression was associated with increased risk of recurrent Clostridium difficile infection (CDI). 2....

Dietary supplementation with vitamin D and calcium not associated with reduced cancer risk in...

1. Vitamin D and calcium supplementation does not result in lower incidence of all-type cancer in post-menopausal women. Evidence Rating Level: 1 (Excellent) Study Rundown: With...

A virtual glucose management service significantly improved glycemic control in hospitalized patients

1. Implementation of the virtual glucose management service reduced the number of severe hypoglycemic events experienced by hospitalized adult inpatients. 2. The proportion of both...

Antioxidant supplementation did not decrease risk of dementia in older asymptomatic men: The PREADViSE...

1. Based on this double-blind randomized, controlled trial which evolved into a cohort study, asymptomatic men taking vitamin E, selenium or a combination of...

Medical use of prescription opioids linked to nonmedical use in adolescents

1. Adolescents who initiated nonmedical use of prescription opioids more commonly had previous medical use of prescriptions opioids rather than no exposure. 2. Correlation between...

Association between maternal body mass index in early pregnancy and incidence of cerebral palsy

1. This retrospective cohort study found that among Swedish women with singleton children, maternal overweight and obesity were significantly associated with incidence of cerebral...

Suboptimal dietary habits linked to deaths from heart disease, stroke, and type 2 diabetes

1. Over 45% of deaths due to heart disease, stroke, and type 2 diabetes in US adults in 2012 was due to suboptimal dietary...

AAP endorses humane treatment of all immigrant children

1. The current conditions under which immigrant children are detained and the support services that are provided during the immigration pathway are lacking and...

Treating subclinical hypothyroidism and hypothyroxinemia in pregnancy does not impact child IQ

1. In pregnant women, treating subclinical hypothyroidism or hypothyroxinemia with levothyroxine did not significantly impact cognitive outcomes in children up to age 5 years of age...

Lower doses of radiation for pediatric cancers associated with fewer subsequent cancers

1. Over the past 40 years there has been a reduction in the average radiation doses given to children with certain cancers. Rates of...
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