Pediatrics

Reports of high-impact pediatrics studies by medical professionals

The MORDOR II trial: mass azithromycin distribution decreases childhood mortality in Niger

1. Mass, twice-yearly administration of azithromycin to children between 1 and 59 months of age in communities in Niger previously not administered azithromycin significantly...

High rates of oophorectomy for benign ovarian neoplasms in pediatric population

1. In this multicenter retrospective cohort study, pediatric patients with an ovarian neoplasm had high rates of oophorectomy despite low rates of malignancy. Premenarchal...

Adolescents with mental health problems at higher risk for e-cigarette use

1. High rates of externalizing mental health problems among adolescents were strongly associated with initiation of e-cigarette use, combustible cigarette use, and dual use...

Rate of opioid prescribing in adolescents largely unchanged

1. Between 2005 and 2015, there was a small decrease in the rate of opioid prescriptions in emergency department (ED) visits to adolescents and...

Lipid profiles of US youth improving over last two decades

1. In this serial, cross-sectional analysis, US youths had improved triglycerides, LDL, HDL, and total cholesterol from 1999 to 2016.2. While half of all...

Young drivers with ADHD linked with higher rates of crashes and violations

1. Adolescents with a diagnosis of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) experienced higher rates of crashes compared to adolescents without ADHD, including at-fault, single-vehicle, injury, and...

Duration, type of poverty affect children’s readiness for school

1. In this retrospective cohort study, researchers found that children born into poverty were less likely to be ready for school, regardless of the...

Quick Take: Association of Visual Impairment With Economic Development Among Chinese Schoolchildren

Children in many developing countries have poor vision. In China, poor vision accounts for nearly half of all childhood disability. China has been experiencing...

PET scans show high tau levels in former NFL players with potential chronic traumatic...

1. Former National Football League (NFL) players with cognitive and neurological symptoms showed higher tau amyloid levels as detected on positron emission tomography (PET)...

Quick Take: Gentamicin compared with ceftriaxone for the treatment of gonorrhoea (G-ToG)

Gonorrhea is a common sexually transmitted infection associated with local inflammation causing genital pain, pelvic inflammatory disease, increased HIV acquisition risk, and other related...
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