Pediatrics

Reports of high-impact pediatrics studies by medical professionals

Hydrocortisone in very preterm infants does not improve rates of bronchopulmonary dysplasia and mortality

1. There were no significant differences in rates of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) and mortality at 36 weeks’ postmenstrual age (PMA) as a composite outcome...

Quick Take: Association of maternal probiotic supplementation with human milk oligosaccharide composition

Human milk oligosaccharides (HMO) are complex glycans, and are typically non-digestible by humans. They are, however, important substrates for an infant’s gut microbiota, and...

Quick Take: Prior dengue virus infection and risk of Zika: a pediatric cohort in...

Acute Zika infection is often asymptomatic, though affected individuals commonly present with symptoms including rash, low-grade fever, arthralgias and conjunctivitis. The virus responsible, Zika...

Rising handgun ownership linked to increased firearm mortalities among young children

1. Despite a decrease in overall firearm ownership among families with young children in the household between 1976 and 2016, handgun ownership and firearm-related...

Health care use stable after feeding tube placement in children with neurologic impairment

The 5-year survival rate in neurologically impaired children after feeding tube placement was 75.8%. There were no significant differences in unplanned hospital days 2...

Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation reduces transcranial doppler velocities in children with sickle cell anemia

1. In this nonrandomized controlled intervention study, matched sibling donor stem cell transplantation (MSD-HSCT) was associated with lower transcranial doppler velocities (TCDs) at 1...

Low free sugar diet reduces hepatic steatosis in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in adolescent...

1. In this randomized controlled trial, a low free sugar diet resulted in reduced hepatic steatosis compared to a usual diet in adolescents males...

HPV vaccine effective against infection and for herd immunity

1. Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine decreased infection rates among vaccinated women by 70-80%, depending on vaccine type2. Infection with 4-valent vaccine-type HPV among unvaccinated...

RNAi suppression of sFLT1 for preeclampsia treatment [PreClinical]

1. The clinical manifestations of preeclampsia result largely from excess circulating soluble vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (sFLT1), produced by the placenta.2. Designer short...

1 in 5 US women report delayed contraceptive initiation after sexual debut

1. A total of 1 in 5 women in the US reported delayed contraceptive initiation (>1 month after sexual debut), with higher rates of...
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