Pulmonology

Reports of high-impact pulmonology studies by medical professionals

[NEJM] Reduction in growth by inhaled glucocorticoids in children found to persist into adulthood

Image: Budesonide, GNU FDL Primer: Inhaled glucocorticoids, a key in the treatment of persistent asthma in children, are known to reduce growth velocity in a...

[NEJM] Tiotropium a significant boost for poorly controlled asthmatics on inhaled glucocorticoids and beta-agonists

Image: Tiotropium - CC/BenWeber. Trial info: Supported by Boehringer Ingelheim and Pfizer. ClinicalTrials.gov numbers, NCT00772538 and NCT00776984. Primer: Exacerbations in asthmatics may persist despite treatment with...

[NATURE] Neonatal RSV infection associated with increased susceptibility to allergic asthma

Image: CC/CDC. EM micrograph of RSV Primer:  Previous studies have demonstrated a strong association between recurrent Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) infections in neonates and the...

Best Adjustment Strategy for Asthma in the Long Term (BASALT) study finds no difference...

Image: CC Key study points: ·The United States’ current standard of care for adjustment of inhaled corticosteroids in asthmatic patients does not differ in efficacy when...

Thalidomide shows efficacy as a potential anti-tussive for idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis

Image: CC/P.Path Key study points: 1.       Thalidomide treatment improved cough-specific quality of life and decreased cough severity in IPF patients compared to placebo treatment 2.       Thalidomide also...

Vitamin D supplementation does not decrease incidence of viral upper respiratory tract infections

Image: CC Key study points: 1. Vitamin D supplemented individuals showed no significant difference in number, severity, or duration of swab-positive URTI episodes when compared to...

Decreasing incidence of heart failure observed in Ontario, Canada

Image: CC/JHeilman. Pulmonary edema in heart failure.  Key findings: This study noted a substantial decrease in the incidence of heart failure in Ontario during the study...

Fibulin-3 shows promise as a new biomarker for pleural mesothelioma

Image: CC Key study points:  Plasma and pleural effusion levels of Fibulin-3 were significantly higher in patients with mesothelioma compared to people exposed to asbestos and...

Linezolid treats Chronic Extensively Drug-Resistant TB but has a high incidence of adverse effects

Image: PD/CDC Key study points:   1. Many patients with XDR-TB who did not respond to initial treatment regimens became culture negative at 6 months with addition...

Terminal cancer patients hold misconceptions of the role of chemotherapy

Image: PD Key Study Points: Patients diagnosed with stage IV lung and colorectal metastatic cancer had misunderstandings of the true role of chemotherapy as a palliative...

All-time hits