Tag: general pediatrics

1. Infants of mothers who smoked at least 1 cigarette daily during pregnancy had more than doubled risk of sudden unexpected infant death (SUID). After 1 cigarette, there was a linear increase in risk per daily cigarette. 2. Smoking before pregnancy also increased risk of SUID, whereas reducing use or...
1. Children who viewed mock Instagram profiles of popular YouTubers holding unhealthy snacks consumed more calories overall when offered snacks immediately after viewing, compared to children who viewed profiles with healthy snacks or nonfood items. 2. Viewing Instagram profiles with healthy snacks did not affect consumption of healthy snacks. Evidence Rating...
1. A case-control study comparing parent-reported sleep problems demonstrated increased odds for sleep problems among children with ASD compared to children in the general population. 2. Children with ASD also had higher mean parent-reported sleep problem scores and increased odds for sleep problems compared to children with other developmental delays/disorders...
1. Despite a decrease in overall firearm ownership among families with young children in the household between 1976 and 2016, handgun ownership and firearm-related mortality among 1- to 5-year-olds rose. 2. Proportion of families with a handgun in the home was positively and significantly associated with child mortality. Evidence Rating Level:...
The 5-year survival rate in neurologically impaired children after feeding tube placement was 75.8%. There were no significant differences in unplanned hospital days 2 years prior to feeding tube placement compared to 2 years after feeding tube placement. Study Rundown: Feeding tube placement is a relatively common procedure in...
1. About 1 in 25 children younger than age 15 years died within 90 days of hospital discharge in Southern Mozambique; over half of all mortalities occurred within 30 days of discharge. 2. Risk factors for 90-day post-discharge mortality (PDM) included young age, severe malnutrition, history of diarrhea, and absconding...
1. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) released a policy statement outlining recommendations to improve cultural competence and awareness of barriers to adequate health that affect children from a diversity of cultural and ethnic backgrounds, both domestically and abroad. 2. Recommendations encourage improved trainings for pediatricians and trainees on a...
Body mass index (BMI) growth curves generated with longitudinal data for preterm infants demonstrated an initial decline in BMI driven by weight, followed by a linear increase in weight that was more pronounced in the lower gestational age (GA) groups. Evidence Rating Level: 3 (Fair) Study Rundown: Surveillance of growth...
1. The Committee on Pediatric Emergency Medicine of the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) has published a statement in support of bystander CPR and AED training based on a review of their benefits in the public health literature. 2. Major recommendations include increased advocacy efforts by pediatricians to promote CPR and...
1. In a mixed methods study of screening for food insecurity (FI) among 6 suburban practices, 3 major themes emerged. 1) time and workflow were not barriers to screening for FI, but pediatricians’ concern for embarrassing families served as a deterrent to screening. 2) Clinicians reported that families felt...