Tag: mortality

Image: PD Normal Mammogram 1. New technological developments for five different cancers found not to impact mortality trends favorably  2. For cancers observed in this study, mortality trends decreased from 1970-2005 – most likely associated with overall improvements in healthcare  Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Study Rundown: With increasing healthcare costs associated with...
Image: PD 1. Individuals who ate two servings of fruit a day had a 25% lower risk of abdominal aortic aneurysms than those who did not consume fruit. 2. No association was seen between vegetable consumption and abdominal aortic aneurysms risk. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Study Rundown: Abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) remain...
Image: PD  1. Remote ischemic preconditioning in CABG patients decreased myocardial injury in the first 72 hours after surgery. 2. All-cause mortality and rates of major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular outcomes were significantly lower in patients that underwent remote ischemic preconditioning compared to those that did not.  Evidence Rating Level:  2 (Good) Study...
Image: PD 1. The most rural areas of the country experience 24 more injury-related deaths per 100,000 than the most urban areas. 2. While unintentional deaths were much more common in rural areas, death by suicide did not vary with rurality and death by homicide was more common in urban areas.  Evidence...
Image: PD  1. No mortality benefit was observed among white Norwegian adults randomly selected for echocardiographic screening for structural heart disease.  2. No difference was observed in sudden death, death from cardiovascular disease, myocardial infarction or stroke.  Evidence Rating Level: 1 (Excellent)  Study Rundown: Echocardiography is a non-invasive, low-risk procedure with high sensitivity...
Image: PD 1. Compared to age alone, cardiorespiratory fitness is a superior prognosticator of post-surgical mortality and length of stay in older adults.  2. Preoperative cardiorespiratory fitness testing allows for selection of low-risk elderly patients who will have a high rate of operative success.  Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good)  Study Rundown: Surgeons and...
Image: PD 1. Critically ill patients who underwent tracheostomy  within the first 4 days after admission did not experience a reduction in all cause mortality at 30 days when compared to patients who underwent delayed tracheostomy (after 10 days).  2. The ability of physicians to accurately predict which patients requir prolonged mechanical...