Tag: nutrition

1. In a small cohort of patients, IL-2 elevation after gluten challenge appears to be the earliest and most sensitive marker of gluten exposure and may play a role in non-invasive diagnostics of celiac disease in the future. Evidence Level Rating: 2 (Good) Celiac disease (CeD), an immune-mediated disorder, has an...
Early surgical intervention for symptomatic renal and ureteral stones is associated with reduced narcotic requirement relative to trial of passage 1. Among those presenting with symptomatic nephrolithiasis, patients electing for trial of passage with medical expulsion therapy were more likely to receive a prescription for an opiate compared with those...
1. Cardiometabolic risk factors are unchanged in a 12-month randomized controlled trial examining sugar-sweetened, artificially sweetened, and unsweetened beverages. 2. Sweet preference is decreased most after switching from sugar-sweetened to unsweetened beverages. Evidence Rating Level: 1 (Excellent) Consuming sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) has long been associated with negative health outcomes, such as...
Prior tonsillectomy is associated with an increased risk of esophageal adenocarcinoma 1. Having a prior tonsillectomy was correlated to a greater risk of developing esophageal adenocarcinoma, with an odds ratio of 1.7. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC) is a subtype of esophageal cancer that has gradually grown in incidence...
The consumption of ultra-processed food has increased substantially over the last several decades. These foods often have higher proportions of total and saturated fat, added sugar, energy density and salt, and lower proportions of fiber and vitamin density. Limited cross-sectional data has suggested associations with obesity, metabolic syndrome, functional...
1. In this prospective cohort study based on data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey III (1988 – 1994), people who self-reported never eating breakfast had almost double the cardiovascular mortality compared to those who always reported eating breakfast. 2. There was a non-significant trend towards increased all-cause...
1. In this prospective cohort study based on data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey III (1988 – 1994), people who self-reported never eating breakfast had almost double the cardiovascular mortality compared to those who always reported eating breakfast. 2. There was a non-significant trend towards increased all-cause...
1. Children who viewed mock Instagram profiles of popular YouTubers holding unhealthy snacks consumed more calories overall when offered snacks immediately after viewing, compared to children who viewed profiles with healthy snacks or nonfood items. 2. Viewing Instagram profiles with healthy snacks did not affect consumption of healthy snacks. Evidence Rating...
1. In this retrospective analysis, self-reported participation in supplemental nutritional assistance program (SNAP) was linked to reduced estimated healthcare expenditure. 2. Participants in SNAP programs were more likely to be younger, female, be of non-hispanic black ethnicity, have lower education level, and be uninsured or receiving public healthcare assistance. Evidence Rating...
1. In a mixed methods study of screening for food insecurity (FI) among 6 suburban practices, 3 major themes emerged. 1) time and workflow were not barriers to screening for FI, but pediatricians’ concern for embarrassing families served as a deterrent to screening. 2) Clinicians reported that families felt...