Tag: pediatrics

1. Exposure to particulate matter less than 2.5 um in diameter was identified as an environmental risk factor for pediatric asthma. 2. Family related risk factors for pediatric asthma include parental asthma, maternal smoking during pregnancy, lower parental income, and lower parental educational attainment. Evidence Rating Level: 3 (Average) Asthma is one of...
1. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor use among children and adolescents with public health insurance was found to be associated with a mildly increased risk for the developed of type 2 diabetes mellitus. 2. The magnitude of this risk, overall, was substantially lower than that of other risk factors for the...
1. Among trauma patients aged 10 to 17, the use of low molecular weight heparin as compared with unfractionated heparin was associated with fewer episodes of venous thromboembolism as well as a reduction in mortality. Evidence Level Rating: 2 (Good) Low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) and unfractionated heparin (UFH) are the...
1. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor use among children and adolescents with public health insurance was found to be associated with a mildly increased risk for the developed of type 2 diabetes mellitus. 2. The magnitude of this risk, overall, was substantially lower than that of other risk factors for the...
1. Among trauma patients aged 10 to 17, the use of low molecular weight heparin as compared with unfractionated heparin was associated with fewer episodes of venous thromboembolism as well as a reduction in mortality. Evidence Level Rating: 2 (Good) Low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) and unfractionated heparin (UFH) are the...
1. Among children with community-acquired pneumonia, proadrenomedullin more accurately predicted severe disease than established biomarkers such as C-reactive protein and procalcitonin. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Study Rundown: Health care encounters for community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) among children are both frequent and costly. Though clinical biomarkers like white blood cell count (WBC),...
1. Low iodine intake associated with decreased subfecundity, reduced fetal growth, increased preterm delivery, and increased preeclampsia. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) The thyroid gland is important in fertility for females and improper functioning has been shown to have adverse effects on fertility and pregnancy. Although iodine is known to be...
1. Three-day amoxicillin treatment for chest-indrawing pneumonia was not significantly different from five-day amoxicillin treatment in HIV-uninfected children from Malawi. 2. Relapse for pneumonia was not significantly different between treatment groups. Evidence Rating Level: 1 (Excellent) Study Rundown: Bacterial pneumonia is one of the leading causes of death for children under the...
1. No overall significant difference was found in infant malaria incidence between mothers taking intermittent preventive treatment (IPTp) with sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine versus dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine. 2. Dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine (DP) was associated with lower incidence of malaria infant males compared to traditional sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP) use in the first year of life. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) To...
Insufficient maternal iodine intake associated with subfecundity, reduced foetal growth, and adverse pregnancy outcomes in the Norwegian Mother, Father and Child Cohort Study 1. Low iodine intake associated with decreased subfecundity, reduced fetal growth, increased preterm delivery, and increased preeclampsia. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) The thyroid gland is important in fertility...