Tag: pediatrics

1. Individuals diagnosed with atopic dermatitis (AD) as children were at elevated risk of not attaining lower and upper secondary education, compared to the general population, although this association was not present for university education. 2. No difference in educational attainment was found when children with AD were compared to...
1. Among a large cohort of children in Taiwan, oral corticosteroids prescribed for <14 days were associated with an increased risk of gastrointestinal (GI) bleeds, sepsis, and pneumonia during the first month of therapy initiation. Evidence level rating: 2 (Good) Oral corticosteroids are commonly prescribed to children for various...
1. In a large cohort of children from China, there was a significant decrease in outpatient visits and respiratory tract infections during the COVID-19 outbreak. Evidence level rating: 2 (Good) Children are commonly affected by respiratory tract infections and it has been confirmed that a majority of them are...
Association of oral corticosteroid bursts with severe adverse events in children 1. Among a large cohort of children in Taiwan, oral corticosteroids prescribed for <14 days were associated with an increased risk of gastrointestinal (GI) bleeds, sepsis, and pneumonia during the first month of therapy initiation. Evidence level rating: 2...
1. Although some psychotherapeutic modalities are well-tolerated and efficacious in reducing self-harm and suicidality in children and adolescents, methodological concerns and high risk of bias prevent a consistent and objective assessment of their comparative performance. 2. This lack of consistent evidence precludes a definitive hierarchy of psychotherapeutic treatments during clinical...
1. Targeting specific ineffective bronchiolitis treatment practices and further educating hospital staff on appropriate treatment was more effective at deimplementing inappropriate treatment, compared to passive dissemination. 2. 36%-40% of infant bronchiolitis cases were treated inappropriately with albuterol, glucocorticoids, antibiotics, epinephrine, and chest x-ray use before targeted intervention, compared to only...
1. Among preterm and extremely low birth weight neonates, the co-exposure to antenatal steroids and postnatal indomethacin was associated with an increased risk of spontaneous intestinal perforation. Evidence Level Rating: 2 (Good) Both antenatal steroids (ANS) and postnatal indomethacin (PI) are utilized in neonatology to reduce the morbidity and mortality associated...
1. Five-day treatment of community-acquired pneumonia in children was comparable to standard, 10-day treatment. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is a common presenting illness among children. Due to the high occurrence, it is important to understand the most appropriate treatment for CAP among this age group. This study aimed...
1. Among neonates with congenital gastrointestinal malformations requiring surgery, early enteral feeding is safe and well-tolerated when compared with traditional postoperative nutrition strategies. Evidence Level Rating: 1 (Excellent) Congenital gastrointestinal malformations – such as duodenal obstruction, jejunoileal atresia, and meconium ileus – among neonates are often treated with primary intestinal anastomosis....
Objective sleep efficiency predicts cardiovascular disease in a community population: The Sleep Heart Health Study 1. In a large, community-based cohort, poor sleep efficiency and wake after sleep onset were associated with major adverse cardiovascular events. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Sleep efficiency (SE) is defined as the ratio of time spent...