Tag: pediatrics

1. In a cohort of extremely premature infants, high screen time contributes to adverse cognitive, executive function, and behavioural outcomes at ages 6 to 7. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Increased screen time is known to be negatively associated with cognitive development and executive function. Similarly, children who are born...
The trial to reduce antimicrobial use in nursing home residents with Alzheimer disease and other dementias (TRAIN-AD) 1. In a large trial, a multi-component interventional program did not reduce antimicrobial use amongst people with advanced dementia living in nursing homes. Evidence Rating Level: 1 (Excellent) Antimicrobials are commonly prescribed to individuals within...
Association of emotion regulation trajectories in childhood with anorexia nervosa and atypical anorexia nervosa in early adolescence 1. Children who were found to have poor improvement of emotional regulation skills between 3 to 7 years of age were at increased risk for broad anorexia nervosa Evidence Rating: 2 (Good) Anorexia nervosa is...
1. Caregivers reported good health related quality of life of New Zealand children despite their shorter gestational periods 2. Neurodevelopmental impairment and socio-economic deprivation were found to be associated with lower health related quality of life (HRQoL).  Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good)  Children born with shorter gestational periods have been found to...
1. Most injured children and adolescents return to baseline functional status by discharge. 2. Pediatric populations with extremity injuries or severe head injuries were at greatest risk of functional impairment at discharge. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Pediatric injuries often result in short- and long-term functional impairments, negatively impacting quality of life...
1. When treating children with an acute respiratory illness in the emergency department, no significant difference in antibiotic prescription rates was observed when clinicians knew rapid respiratory pathogen test results, compared to when clinicians did not. 2. Children with an acute respiratory illness whose clinician knew rapid respiratory pathogen test...
1. Among obese and overweight pregnant women, risk of early childhood obesity was not reduced by maternal dietary and lifestyle interventions during pregnancy. Evidence Rating Level: 3 (Average) It is well-known that maternal obesity increases the risk of childhood obesity and that dietary interventions during pregnancy can reduce gestational weight gain....
Short-Term Antibody Response After 1 Dose of BNT162b2 Vaccine in Patients Receiving Hemodialysis 1. A single dose of BNT162b2 vaccine did not elicit a humoral immune response in most people receiving hemodialysis who had no history of previous SARS-CoV-2 infection. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) One of the several groups of people...
1. Among a group of very low birth weight (VLBW) neonates, fortification with preterm formula was not found to be inferior to fortification with human milk fortifiers. Evidence Rating Level: 1 (Excellent) Fortification of expressed breast milk (EBM) with human milk fortifiers (HMF) has been shown to lead to increased weight...