Tag: preterm births

1. Systematic review of RCTs demonstrates reduced rate of early preterm birth (<34 weeks) for high-risk (previous spontaneous preterm birth, short cervix) singleton pregnancies with vaginal progesterone and intramuscular 17-hydroxyprogesterone caproate (17-OHPC). 2. Efficacy of vaginal progesterone and 17-OHPC may be more effective for women with short cervices.  Evidence Rating Level:...
1. Worldwide, more than half of the deaths in children under five years of age were attributed to an infectious cause, with 44% of deaths occurring in the neonatal period. 2. The top three causes of mortality in children under five were pre-term birth complications, pneumonia, and intrapartum complications....
1. Women likely experiencing posttraumatic stress disorder and major depressive episodes during pregnancy may be at a 4-fold increased risk of preterm birth.  2. The association of posttraumatic stress disorder and major depressive episodes with preterm birth is independent of many potential confounders, including other mood and anxiety symptoms and...
Image: PD 1. Preterm delivery was associated with dose-dependent, higher urinary phthalate metabolites during pregnancy. 2. The magnitude of this association was greatest among spontaneous preterm deliveries. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Study Rundown: This study found that preterm birth was associated with higher urinary levels of four phthalate metabolites, a manmade chemical...
Image: PD  1. Spontaneous delivery in early term (37-39 weeks) may be associated with subsequent spontaneous preterm labor.  2. Labor induction of term pregnancies is associated with decreased risk of subsequent spontaneous preterm birth (sPTB).  Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good)             Study Rundown: This study showed that women who...
Image: PD 1. Black women are at increased risk for preterm birth in both singleton and twin in vitro fertilization (IVF) gestations.  2. Hispanic women are also more likely to experience preterm birth compared to whites, while Asian women were less likely to experience preterm twin birth. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Study...