Tag: preterm

1. Persistent human papillomavirus-16/18 infection during pregnancy and placental human papillomavirus infection significantly increased the risk of preterm birth compared to infections by other HPV genotypes and separately from a history of cervical dysplasia treatment. 2. The results would support an essential role for community human papillomavirus vaccination programs to...
1. The study found that young adults born small for gestational age had reduced exercise capacity, with reduced maximal workload, oxygen consumption, and minor differences in cardiac morphology compared to individuals born within standard reference weights. 2. Additional long-term studies employing larger sample sizes and older participants are needed to...
1. The survival rate of extremely preterm newborns in Victoria (Australia) has increased since the early 1990s without an increase in major neurodevelopmental disability up to 2 years of age. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Study Rundown: Survival of extremely preterm (EP) newborns has increased since the late 1970s due to...
1. In this cohort study, prolonged use of opioids and benzodiazepines among extremely preterm infants was associated with lower cognitive, motor and language scores at 2 years’ corrected age as assessed using the Bayley Scales of Infant Development. 2. The results of this study suggest that it is at the...
1. There was no significant difference with regard to diagnosis and treatment of pre-eclampsia, fetal growth restriction, and gestational diabetes between the telehealth integrated care and conventional models. 2. A significant reduction in the incidence of pre-term births among women in high-risk pregnancies was seen (-0.68% change per week). Evidence Rating...
1. Low-weight infants fed with breast milk supplemented with pre-term formula had noninferior weight gain compared to infants fed with breast milk supplemented with commercial human milk fortifiers (HMF). 2. The incidence of feed intolerance was lower in low-weight infants fed with breast milk supplemented with pre-term formula compared to infants...
1. Rates of severe and moderate neurodevelopmental disabilities increased as gestational age group decreased. 2. Approximately half of children born between 24-26 weeks’ gestation needed at least one developmental intervention, versus a quarter of children born at 32-34 weeks.  Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Study Rundown: Approximately 10% of babies in North...
1. When used to fortify human breast milk for preterm neonates, no significant weight gain differences were seen from using either Preterm Formula Powder or Breast Milk Fortifier. 2. A higher prevalence of feed intolerance was reported when breast milk was fortified with human milk fortifier compared to preterm...
1. COVID-19 infection during pregnancy was associated with consistent and substantial increases in severe maternal morbidity and mortality and neonatal complications compared to non-infected pregnancies, especially in symptomatic individuals presenting or those with co-morbidities. 2. Women with COVID-19 were at increased risk of severe pregnancy complications including pre-eclampsia/eclampsia, intensive care...
1. Dolutegravir-based antiretroviral therapy regimens effectively suppressed maternal viral load during pregnancy, supporting their use to prevent vertical transmission. 2. Dolutegravir, emtricitabine, and tenofovir alafenamide fumarate carried relatively low risk of adverse fetal outcomes. Evidence Rating Level: 1 (Excellent) Study Rundown: Initiation of antiretroviral therapy (ART) for pregnant women infected with HIV-1 is important for...