Tag: racial disparities

1. Non-Hispanic black patients were shown to have higher rates of hospitalization and death from coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) compared to non-Hispanic white patients in a single hospital system in Louisiana. 2. Non-Hispanic black patients did not have higher rates of in-hospital mortality compared to non-Hispanic white patients. Evidence Rating Level: 2...
1. A cross-sectional analysis of self-reported suicidal thoughts, behavior, attempt, and injury among high school students showed a significant annual decrease in suicide attempts between 1991 and 2017 among adolescents identifying as white, Hispanic, Asian American, and American Indian. 2. Black adolescents had a statistically significant linear increase in suicide...
1. State Medicaid expansion was not associated with differences in overall rates of low birth weight or preterm birth outcomes. 2. There were improvements in relative disparities for black infants compared with white infants among the states that expanded versus the states that did not. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Study Rundown:...
1. Trends from 1988 to 2014 data suggest that for U.S. adults, cardiovascular health has worsened, and health disparities in race/ethnicity and nativity continue to exist. 2. Although cardiovascular health disparities between whites and African Americans or Mexican Americans have decreased, declining cardiovascular health among whites appears to be the...
1. More intense interventions at the end-of-life for children with cancer was associated with a bimodal age distribution (children younger than 5 and older than 15) and with hematologic malignancies. 2. African American, Asian American, and Hispanic children were more likely to die in the hospital, a marker of higher...
1. Differences in scores for quality of care in neonatal intensive care units (NICU) were most pronounced when stratifying for race and/or ethnicity, as opposed to adjusting scores for race and ethnicity. 2. When stratifying for race and/or ethnicity, white infants had higher quality of care scores than Hispanic...
1. Black women experienced higher rates of delivery-related complications than white or Hispanic women whether they received care at primarily white, black or Hispanic-serving hospitals.  2. Black-serving hospitals performed worse than white-serving hospitals in 12 of 15 delivery care indicators with significantly higher rates of in-hospital mortality, puerperal cardiovascular disorders...
Image: PD  1. In Massachusetts, the probability of a nonwhite patient receiving minimally invasive surgery, rather than open surgery, increased after the enactment of health care reform in the state.  2. In states without health care reform, the probability of minimally invasive surgery for white and nonwhite patients remained comparatively higher...
Image: PD 1. Black women are at increased risk for preterm birth in both singleton and twin in vitro fertilization (IVF) gestations.  2. Hispanic women are also more likely to experience preterm birth compared to whites, while Asian women were less likely to experience preterm twin birth. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Study...