Tag: smoking

1. In this modelling study, life-gained-based selection of smokers for lung cancer screening resulted in a nearly threefold greater gain in life expectancy per lung cancer death averted compared to risk-based selection but prevented fewer lung cancer deaths overall. 2. While risk-based selection for screening had the potential to prevent...
1. The receipt of evidence-based treatment for nicotine use disorder is extremely low among adolescents and young adults. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) It has now been well established that adolescents and young adults using e-cigarettes are at high risk of transitioning to combustible cigarettes. As such, it is important to...
1. The use of nicotine e-cigarettes in addition to conventional nicotine patches may result in a modest improvement in smoking cessation when compared to patches alone or patches used in combination with nicotine-free e-cigarettes. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) has been shown to reduce nicotine withdrawal symptoms...
Maternal smoking during pregnancy (SDP) is associated with a number of adverse birth outcomes. It is currently unknown how tobacco sales policies affect SDP. In this retrospective study, investigators examined SDP rates during fluctuations in tobacco retailer density (TRD) across 6 southeastern states in order to analyze the association...
Association of Tourette Syndrome and Chronic Tic Disorder With Metabolic and Cardiovascular Disorders Individuals with Tourette syndrome (TS) and other chronic tic disorders (CTD) are at an increased of developing cardiometabolic disorders, in part due to the adverse effects of pharmacologic treatment, including antipsychotics. In this cohort study, investigators analyzed...
1. Among adolescents, frequency of hookah smoking is jointly linked with a) the belief that it is a common peer practice, and b) exposure to household users. 2. In general, adolescents overestimate the true prevalence of hookah smoking among their age cohort. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Study Rundown: Unlike other forms...
1. In this study of self-reported habits of teenagers, use of e-cigarettes with greater nicotine concentration was associated with incremental increase in odds of cigarette smoking and vaping. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Study Rundown: The introduction of e-cigarettes has been met with concerns that the use of such products may...
1. In this retrospective analysis of mortality data from a number of national databases, the mortality rates from respiratory diseases increased between 1980 and 2014. 2. The mortality rates for individual respiratory diseases showed significant variation over time when examined by county and sex. Evidence Rating Level: 3 (Fair) Study Rundown: A...
1. Based on results of the Atherosclerotic Risk in Communities (ARIC) prospective cohort, midlife vascular risk factors associated with dementia included smoking, diabetes, prehypertension, and hypertension. 2. Other risk factors associated with dementia included black race, older age, lower educational attainment, and APOE ε4 genotype. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Study Rundown:...
1. In this meta-analysis of available studies about youths’ use of e-cigarettes was associated with increased risk of initiation for cigarette smoking and past 30-day history of smoking. 2. Risk of smoking linked to e-cigarette use remained an independent risk factor when accounting for known confounders; but there existed a...