Tag: smoking

1. Current smoking was found to be associated with and increased risk of stroke among blacks in a dose-dependent relationship. 2. Former smokers did not appear to be at an increased risk of stroke when compared with non-smokers, suggesting a reduction in stroke incidence associated with smoking cessation. Evidence Rating Level:...
Risk of Hospitalization with Hemorrhage Among Older Adults Taking Clarithromycin vs Azithromycin and Direct Oral Anticoagulants 1. Co-prescription of clarithromycin and direct oral anticoagulants was associated with a higher rate of 30-day hospitalization with hemorrhage when compared with co-prescription of azithromycin. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) In recent years, direct oral anticoagulants...
1. Among those surveyed, individuals who reported using modifiable e-cigarettes, known as “mods,” smoked more than 6 times as many cigarettes at follow up than those who endorsed the use of non-modifiable vaping “pens.” 2. Recent e-cigarette users smoked more than 5 times as many cigarettes at follow-up as those...
1. Smoking cessation without weight gain in patients with type 2 diabetes was associated with a lower risk of cardiovascular disease and all-cause and cause-specific mortality. 2. Weight gain after smoking cessation lessened the reduction in risk of experiencing cardiovascular events, emphasizing the importance of bodyweight control after cessation. Evidence Rating:...
1. In a cross-sectional study using national survey data from 2011 to 2018, there was a significant negative trend in smoking frequency and amount (cigarettes per day) among adolescent cigarette users. 2. While the age at first cigarette use increased slightly, the frequency of e-cigarette use also increased among adolescent...
1. In this modelling study, life-gained-based selection of smokers for lung cancer screening resulted in a nearly threefold greater gain in life expectancy per lung cancer death averted compared to risk-based selection but prevented fewer lung cancer deaths overall. 2. While risk-based selection for screening had the potential to prevent...
1. The receipt of evidence-based treatment for nicotine use disorder is extremely low among adolescents and young adults. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) It has now been well established that adolescents and young adults using e-cigarettes are at high risk of transitioning to combustible cigarettes. As such, it is important to...
1. The use of nicotine e-cigarettes in addition to conventional nicotine patches may result in a modest improvement in smoking cessation when compared to patches alone or patches used in combination with nicotine-free e-cigarettes. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) has been shown to reduce nicotine withdrawal symptoms...
Maternal smoking during pregnancy (SDP) is associated with a number of adverse birth outcomes. It is currently unknown how tobacco sales policies affect SDP. In this retrospective study, investigators examined SDP rates during fluctuations in tobacco retailer density (TRD) across 6 southeastern states in order to analyze the association...
Association of Tourette Syndrome and Chronic Tic Disorder With Metabolic and Cardiovascular Disorders Individuals with Tourette syndrome (TS) and other chronic tic disorders (CTD) are at an increased of developing cardiometabolic disorders, in part due to the adverse effects of pharmacologic treatment, including antipsychotics. In this cohort study, investigators analyzed...