Tag: smoking

1. In 2019, 1.14 billion individuals worldwide were active smokers, accounting for 7.41 trillion cigarette-equivalents of tobacco. 2. Without intervention, the current count of 7.69 million deaths and 200 million disability-adjusted life-years annually is predicted to increase in the coming years. Evidence Rating Level: 1 (Excellent) Study Rundown: Reducing tobacco use has been identified to...
1. In 2019, 1.14 billion individuals worldwide were active smokers, accounting for 7.41 trillion cigarette-equivalents of tobacco. 2. Without intervention, the current count of 7.69 million deaths and 200 million disability-adjusted life-years annually is predicted to increase in the coming years. Evidence Rating Level: 1 (Excellent) Study Rundown: Reducing tobacco use has...
1. Among adult daily smokers attempting to quit, cytisine treatment over 25 days failed to demonstrate noninferiority regarding smoking cessation when compared with standard varenicline treatment over 84 days. 2. Cytisine was well tolerated in this trial and had significantly fewer adverse events and cases of treatment discontinuation due to...
1. Smokers reported increased intention to quit smoking after seeing anti-smoking advertisements through television, cigarette packages, newspapers, and tobacco company websites. 2. There was no association with actual attempts to quit smoking. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Study Rundown: Corrective industry-sponsored anti-smoking advertisements were court ordered in 2006 after a large lawsuit...
1. Current smoking was found to be associated with and increased risk of stroke among blacks in a dose-dependent relationship. 2. Former smokers did not appear to be at an increased risk of stroke when compared with non-smokers, suggesting a reduction in stroke incidence associated with smoking cessation. Evidence Rating Level:...
Risk of Hospitalization with Hemorrhage Among Older Adults Taking Clarithromycin vs Azithromycin and Direct Oral Anticoagulants 1. Co-prescription of clarithromycin and direct oral anticoagulants was associated with a higher rate of 30-day hospitalization with hemorrhage when compared with co-prescription of azithromycin. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) In recent years, direct oral anticoagulants...
1. Among those surveyed, individuals who reported using modifiable e-cigarettes, known as “mods,” smoked more than 6 times as many cigarettes at follow up than those who endorsed the use of non-modifiable vaping “pens.” 2. Recent e-cigarette users smoked more than 5 times as many cigarettes at follow-up as those...
1. Smoking cessation without weight gain in patients with type 2 diabetes was associated with a lower risk of cardiovascular disease and all-cause and cause-specific mortality. 2. Weight gain after smoking cessation lessened the reduction in risk of experiencing cardiovascular events, emphasizing the importance of bodyweight control after cessation. Evidence Rating:...
1. In a cross-sectional study using national survey data from 2011 to 2018, there was a significant negative trend in smoking frequency and amount (cigarettes per day) among adolescent cigarette users. 2. While the age at first cigarette use increased slightly, the frequency of e-cigarette use also increased among adolescent...