Tag: smoking

Association between family characteristics and the effect of timing of regular egg introduction in infant egg allergy Recent studies have shown that the introduction of eggs early on in the diet is associated with reduced egg allergy. Infant feeding guidelines are also shifting to recommend that traditionally allergenic foods be...
1. In this clinical demonstration project of implementing lung cancer screening for smokers in selected Veterans Health Administration hospitals, there were challenges in project implementation and patient selection. There was significant variability in local implementation and radiographic detection of nodules. 2. Increasing the scale of lung cancer screening to the...
1. In this prospective cohort study, individuals who consistently smoked fewer than 1 or 1 to 10 cigarettes per day had increased risk of all-cause and cause-specific mortality (lung cancer and cardiovascular disease) as compared to never smokers. 2. This study also found that amongst former smokers, the earlier one...
State-Level Cancer Mortality Attributable to Cigarette Smoking in the United States While data on the tobacco-related cancer exists on the national level, state-specific information could also be important as tobacco control occurs at the state level. The purpose of this study was to calculate the proportion of cancer deaths in...
1. Based on US prospective studies and state-specific smoking prevalence data, about 29% of all cancer deaths in 2014 were attributable to cigarette smoking. 2. Cancer deaths attributable to cigarette smoking disproportionately affected Southern states (particularly Kentucky, Arkansas, Tennessee, West Virginia, Louisiana) compared to the rest of the country, implying...
1. Using nationally representative data, this study found that racial and ethnic disparities in smoking susceptibility among nonsmoking children, was persistent over the 15 year study period. 2. Compared to non-Hispanic whites, Hispanics were more susceptible to smoking, while non-Hispanic blacks and non-Hispanic Asian Americans were less susceptible to smoking. Evidence...
1. The Tobacco, Alcohol, Prescription Medication, and other Substance use (TAPS) tool can screen and access for tobacco, alcohol, and other major drug classes within a single instrument to help detect clinically relevant substance abuse. 2. The TAPS tool provides substance-specific risk information, which is important in directing treatment decisions...
1. Middle and high school students’ e-cigarette initiation, continued use, and their reasons for smoking were prospectively examined. The ability to use e-cigarettes anywhere and trying to quit traditional cigarettes were reasons associated with continued e-cigarette use. 2. Youth who initiated e-cigarette use at a younger age and those who...
1. Adolescents using e-cigarettes in 11th and 12th grade were 6 times more likely to initiate cigarette use at follow up, after age 18, compared to never e-cigarette users. 2. Those adolescents stating no intention of smoking were more likely to initiate combustible product use (hookah, pipes, cigars) at follow...
1. This study predicted that a risk-based, computed tomography (CT) screening program for lung cancer in individuals between 50 and 80 years of age would prevent more deaths than current United States Preventative Services Task Force (USPSTF) guidelines. 2. This risk-based screening methodology would yield a lower number needed...