Tag: social determinants of health

1. Non-Hispanic black patients were shown to have higher rates of hospitalization and death from coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) compared to non-Hispanic white patients in a single hospital system in Louisiana. 2. Non-Hispanic black patients did not have higher rates of in-hospital mortality compared to non-Hispanic white patients. Evidence Rating Level: 2...
1. Patients who underwent congenital heart surgery (CHS) had lower rates of advanced educational levels and employment and higher rates of retirement when compared to those who did not have CHS. 2. Patients who underwent CHS were less likely to be married and have children when compared to those who...
1. High exposure to racial residential segregation among African Americans resulted in worse mid-life processing speed performance compared to those with medium and low exposure, though set-shifting and memory changes were not significantly different across groups. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Residential segregation is a social determinant of health, found to be...
1. During this longitudinal study, 3 consistent trajectories of picky eating were noted: persistently low, persistently medium, and persistently high. 2. Reduced picky eating habits were associated with female gender, greater child emotional stability and control, higher BMI, lower restriction behavior, and less demanding behavior. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Study Rundown:...
1. Families including children with special health care needs (CSHCN) reported significantly lower odds of unmet health needs when they also reported high family resilience and neighborhood cohesion on surveys. 2. Reported material hardship was associated with higher odds of emergency department (ED) visits and unmet health care needs for...
1. A cross-sectional analysis of American Medical Association physician data between 2007 and 2016 indicated overall growth in the number of child psychiatrists per 100 000 children, but significantly lower numbers in counties with lower income and education levels. 2. Several states showed a decline in the number of child...
1. Parental income mobility may be inversely associated with the risk of developing schizophrenia later in life Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) There are clear associations between a number of mental health conditions and socioeconomic status. The link between parental socioeconomic position (SEP) and schizophrenia risk amongst offspring, however, has...
1. A large number of new mothers surveyed in 2016 reported nonadherence to American Academy of Pediatrics safe infant sleep recommendations; three-quarters reported placing their infants to sleep on their backs, and a minority reported avoiding soft bedding for infant sleep. 2. The majority of mothers reported receiving some provider...
1. A cross-sectional analysis of self-reported suicidal thoughts, behavior, attempt, and injury among high school students showed a significant annual decrease in suicide attempts between 1991 and 2017 among adolescents identifying as white, Hispanic, Asian American, and American Indian. 2. Black adolescents had a statistically significant linear increase in suicide...
1. In this systematic review, researchers found that multiple different tools were used to screen for social determinants of health (SDOH) in children, though all were unified in that they screened for features of the family context, such as violence in the home and abuse or neglect. 2. Despite the...