Tag: social determinants of health

1. Children of parents expressing limited comfort with English demonstrated 2.1 higher odds of adverse events compared to children of parents expressing comfort with English. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Many individuals in the US express limited comfort with English (LCE), which can negatively impact healthcare. Further, children of parents expressing...
1. Age-specific mortality rates varied significantly by race in the context of COVID-19 infection. 2. Higher mortality rates were observed for Blacks, Hispanics, American Indians, and Asians, relative to Whites. Evidence Rating Level: 3 (Average) The United States has faced the omnipresent reality of racial health disparities, with COVID-19 opening the door...
1. The disparity between premature mortality rates for highest and lowest socioeconomic status groups has increased from 1991 to 2016 in Canada. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Study rundown: Around the world, the disparity in health outcomes based on socioeconomic status (SES) is growing over time. Although this increasing divide is...
1. Moderate increases in positive exposures were associated with improved cognitive performance in children. 2. Black children experienced fewer cognitively beneficial exposures than other racial groups. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Racial disparities in all aspects of healthcare are at least partially consequences of inequitable social environments. Identifying and modifying these risk...
1. Indigenous individuals with diabetes were found to have poorer blood sugar and lipid levels, as well as higher use of diabetes medications, compared to non-Indigenous patients. 2. Indigenous individuals with diabetes had lower rates of HbA1c and LDL monitoring than the general population. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Diabetes is a...
1. Non-Hispanic black patients were shown to have higher rates of hospitalization and death from coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) compared to non-Hispanic white patients in a single hospital system in Louisiana. 2. Non-Hispanic black patients did not have higher rates of in-hospital mortality compared to non-Hispanic white patients. Evidence Rating Level: 2...
1. Patients who underwent congenital heart surgery (CHS) had lower rates of advanced educational levels and employment and higher rates of retirement when compared to those who did not have CHS. 2. Patients who underwent CHS were less likely to be married and have children when compared to those who...
1. High exposure to racial residential segregation among African Americans resulted in worse mid-life processing speed performance compared to those with medium and low exposure, though set-shifting and memory changes were not significantly different across groups. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Residential segregation is a social determinant of health, found to be...
1. During this longitudinal study, 3 consistent trajectories of picky eating were noted: persistently low, persistently medium, and persistently high. 2. Reduced picky eating habits were associated with female gender, greater child emotional stability and control, higher BMI, lower restriction behavior, and less demanding behavior. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Study Rundown:...
1. Families including children with special health care needs (CSHCN) reported significantly lower odds of unmet health needs when they also reported high family resilience and neighborhood cohesion on surveys. 2. Reported material hardship was associated with higher odds of emergency department (ED) visits and unmet health care needs for...