Tag: substance abuse

1. In a cross-sectional study of hospitalized adolescents, approximately one third reported ever using alcohol, marijuana, electronic cigarettes, or a combination of ≥2 substances. 2. Less than half of self-reported adolescent substance use was documented in the electronic health record (EHR). Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Study Rundown: Substance use among adolescents...
1. An analysis of emergency department (ED) visits across the United States between 2007 and 2017 showed a 60% overall increase in ED visits among children 5-17 years old with mental health diagnoses, including significant increases in these visits at nonchildren’s EDs and rural EDs. 2. Children’s ED visits for...
1. The use of electronic cigarettes is highly prevalent among adolescents and young adults through the advent of JUUL, which has unique implications for this young and susceptible age group. Evidence Rating Level: 1 (Excellent) Adverse effects of nicotine on overall health, as well as neurodevelopment during critical stages, are well-known....
1. A systematic review found multiple studies examining the effectiveness of various behavioral, psychological, educational, pharmacologic, medical, and policy interventions on sexual and gender minority youth, all of which significantly improved mental health outcomes. 2. Some interventions studied were associated with reduced substance use and bullying victimization among sexual and...
1. Unlimited, immediate access to opioid agonist treatment (OAT) was shown, through a simulation, to be more cost effective compared to the Observed California care and California guideline treatment strategies. 2. Simulation results also indicated that unlimited, immediate access to OAT would increase quality of life years (QALY) gained and...
1. Among a representative sample of U.S. high school students, those who used synthetic cannabinoids (SC) were more likely to report more recent and more frequent use of other illegal drugs, compared to marijuana-only users. 2. SC users, compared to marijuana-only users, were more likely to report lower parental education...
1. The four key elements of medication-assisted treatment (MAT) models in the primary care setting include pharmacotherapy, education, incorporation of opioid use disorder (OUD) treatment along with other needed care, and psychosocial services. 2. MAT delivery in the primary care setting can expand beneficial OUD treatment access, but there are...
1. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) encourages pediatricians to incorporate the Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) practice to adolescent visits. 2. The AAP continues to advocate for greater funding, research, and expansion of programs related to decreasing adolescent substance abuse. Rundown: Given the extensive direct and indirect...