Tag: vitamins

Image: PD  1. Vitamin D supplementation with or without calcium did not reduce the risk of falls in a meta-analysis of 20 randomized controlled trials.  2. Future similar trials are unlikely to alter the finding that vitamin D does not reduce the risk of falls.  Evidence Rating Level: 1 (Excellent) Study Rundown: Vitamin...
Image: PD 1. In their recent recommendation statement, the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) states that there is insufficient evidence to assess the benefits and harms of multivitamins in preventing cardiovascular disease (CVD) or cancer. 2. The USPSTF recommends against the use of Vitamin E and beta-carotene supplements in the...
Image: PD 1. Studies of single and paired nutrients did not show a clear benefit in preventing cardiovascular disease (CVD) or cancer, but also do not have appreciable adverse effects.  2. Pooled results from two large trials reported lower cancer incidence in men taking a multivitamin for more than 10 years,...
Image: PD 1. Supplemental vitamins and minerals are not associated with clear benefit in preventing cardiovascular disease (CVD) or cancer, but they do not have appreciable adverse effects. 2. Pooled results from two large trials reported lower cancer incidence in men taking a multivitamin for more than 10 years, however the...
Image: PD 1. Low serum 25-hydroxy vitamin D (25(OH)D) levels were associated with coronary heart disease events in Caucasians and Chinese participants.  2. Low serum 25-hydroxy vitamin D (25(OH)D) levels were not associated with coronary heart disease events in Black or Hispanic participants.  Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good)  Study Rundown: Previous studies have...