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2 Minute Medicine | October 23, 2014

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Gut bacteria respond to daily rhythms and influence weight control

October 22, 2014 |

1. The daily rhythmic fluctuations of intestinal bacterial populations in both mice and humans were disrupted by changes in sleep, and in some cases, feeding patterns.

2. Such disruption of the bacterial fluctuations, as experienced by jet-legged humans, caused weight gain and glucose intolerance.

Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good)         

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Price transparency leads to lower claims payments by patients and insurers

October 22, 2014 |

1. Individuals who searched for services using a price transparency service prior to receiving care had lower claims payments made by themselves and/or their insurer compared to those who did not utilize the price transparency service.

2. Claims payments for individuals who utilized the price transparency service were about 13% … Read More

Prenatal air pollutant exposure linked to decreased pediatric lung function

October 22, 2014 |

1. Prenatal exposure to air pollutants was associated with detrimental effects on lung function in young children.

2. Results of this study suggest that in utero exposure to air pollutants during the second trimester may be more related to the adverse effects on airway function than postnatal exposure.

Evidence … Read More

Dopamine receptor agonists may be associated with impulse control disorders

October 21, 2014 |

1. Dopamine agonist drugs are used in the treatment of Parkinson disease, restless leg syndrome, and hyperprolactinemia.

2. Dopamine agonist drugs may be associated with compulsive gambling, hypersexuality, and binge eating or shopping.

Evidence Rating Level: 3 (Average)

Study Rundown: Previous work has suggested that impulse control disorders, such as … Read More