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2 Minute Medicine | April 2, 2015

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2 Minute Medicine provides concise, curated, medical news written by health professionals. Keep up with the latest medical news on cardiology, infectious disease, pediatrics, internal medicine and more! Led by Harvard Physicians.

Exposure to air pollution linked to increased risk of stroke

March 31, 2015 |

1. Short-term exposure to air pollution was associated with an increased risk of hospital admission and mortality from stroke.

2. These associations held true for particulate matter and gaseous pollutants and were strongest in low and middle-income countries.

Evidence Rating Level: 1 (Excellent)      

Study Rundown: Stroke is … Read More

Increased prevalence of anxiety symptoms modestly associated with poor air quality

March 31, 2015 |

1. Greater and more recent exposure to fine particulate matter, was linked with a small increase in anxiety symptom risk.

2. No association was found between anxiety symptom risk and coarse particulate matter or proximity to major roadways.

Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good)

Study Rundown: The risk of … Read More

Hyperkalemia rare among healthy women taking spironolactone for acne

March 31, 2015 |

1. Hyperkalemia rates were similar between women taking spironolactone compared to those who were not.

Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good)

Study Rundown: Spironolactone is an androgen receptor antagonist that treats acne as well as endocrine dysregulation. Due to the worrisome side effect of hyperkalemia, electrolyte levels are frequently monitored in … Read More

USPSTF finds inconclusive evidence for routine iron screening and supplementation in pregnancy

March 30, 2015 |

1. From a systematic review, iron supplementation may improve maternal hematologic indices.

2. The clinical significance of iron supplementation on maternal or fetal health outcomes remains unclear.

Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good)       

Study Rundown: Iron deficiency is frequently found in pregnant women in the US and is … Read More

Motivational interviewing and dietary counseling reduce BMI

March 30, 2015 |

Pediatric patients who received dietary counseling and motivational interviewing from both primary care providers and registered dietitians had significantly reduced body mass index (BMI) compared to those receiving counseling from pediatricians alone and those who received routine care.

Evidence Rating Level: 1 (Excellent) 

Study Rundown: Obesity in the pediatric population is a significant … Read More

AAP opposes school-based drug testing of adolescents

March 30, 2015 |

1. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) opposes the use of in-school drug testing as a means to reduce substance abuse among adolescents due to the lack of supportive evidence for its efficacy.

2. The AAP endorses pediatrician advocacy of, and research and resource allocation to, the implementation of effective … Read More