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2 Minute Medicine | January 28, 2015

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Early removal from neglect may promote normal white matter development

January 27, 2015 |

1. Recent studies suggest that living in conditions of neglect and abuse can cause microstructural white matter changes, which may potentially have ramifications on development and behavior.

2. This study lends evidence to the theory that removing children from abusive situations can foster more normative development, possibly through restoration of white matter … Read More

Noninvasive testing for chest pain may lead to increased invasive testing

January 26, 2015 |

1. Based on insurance claims data from emergency departments visits for chest pain, patients who did not undergo any testing for their complaint of chest pain had no more hospitalizations for myocardial infarctions compared to the patients who did undergo noninvasive cardiac testing.

2. However, those patients who underwent noninvasive … Read More

Prochlorperazine for migraine may lower likelihood of ED return

January 26, 2015 |

1. In acute migraine, prochlorperazine administration was associated with fewer emergency department (ED) return visits when compared to treatment with other dopamine antagonists. 

2. The use of diphenhydramine was associated with an increased likelihood of return to the ED. 

Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good)  

Study Rundown: Migraine headaches are … Read More

Physical activity calorie equivalent menu labeling may promote exercise

January 26, 2015 |

1. Parents using unlabeled fast food menus (those lacking information about calories in the food item) ordered significantly more calories for their children than those with labeled menus.

2. More parents reported that they would be “very likely” to encourage physical activity for their children when using the physical activity … Read More

AAP strongly opposes marijuana use, supports decriminalization

January 26, 2015 |

1. Due to the proven negative cognitive and physical health effects of marijuana use in children ≤21 years of age, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) opposes the use of marijuana by children in this age group. The AAP also supports laws regulating the marketing, packaging, and sale of marijuana, … Read More

Wide-ranging health benefits from outdoor adult walking groups

January 25, 2015 |

1. A meta-analysis of outdoor adult walking groups as interventions found significant health benefits including improvement in body weight, blood pressure, total cholesterol, physical functioning, and risk of depression.

2. Outdoor walking group interventions were also found to be safe with a high level of participant adherence and a low … Read More